Motorcycles Supporters of Sustainability Are Unanimous Term Paper

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Supporters of sustainability are unanimous that the current manner of personal transport, that is dependent on cars, is required to change into a different one, based on cycling, walking and public transport. However, in between cars and bicycles a complete gamut of other transport media placed perhaps in a rather grey zone as regards their position: do they look more like cars, or bicycles, judged from a sustainability perspective? What is their position in future sustainable setting? From all these machineries, motorcycles have been widely used in some regions of the world and especially in the U.S., such that there is real experience to get conclusions. The remaining means of transport constitutes a small and insignificant portion of the whole transport assignment. To some people motorcycles are a contentious matter, and certainly an overlooked matter in a lot of other situations. (Motorcycles and Bicycles: Debunking Myths, par: 1-3)

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In the U.S., there is an annual average death rate of 8.7 per 1000 population. Among the death tolls, the maximum number relates to motor-related accidental deaths. The onset of this century saw the first manufacture of motorcycles for commercial purposes in the U.S. In the course of four decades, their utility has gained manifold and presently U.S. accounts for 30,000,000 motor cars, or this accrues to 68% of the total of the world. (De Silva 1) but for motorcycle riders, all is not well. When compared to motorcars they have several disadvantages. Although, for motorcycles, it is easy to park, it has its store of demerits of difficulty in becoming visible to others particularly when the rider wears dark, non-luminous garments; are able to carry fewer loads; and can hold only a sole rider. Although it is easier to control a motorcycle when traveling at lower pace, the control goes down when one moves at greater speeds. Riding a motorcycle involves a greater intensity of bodily dexterity. The utility of motorcycles might be lowered by seasonal variation of hot and cold temperatures; passenger and carrying capacity. Besides, expenses rates of regular maintenance might be far higher compared to an automobile. The motorcycle rider bears more physical risk, has increased chances of injuring himself in an accident and must be properly attired for the fall; and in situations when not dressed properly, can be inattentive while riding and have increased chances of facing accident resulting in hurting himself and loss of life. (the Decision to Ride -- Accepting the Risk, par: 7-10)

Notwithstanding falling rates of total deaths in highways, succumbing to injuries is going up across the nation. (Motorcycle Death Toll Rises, par: 1) Fatalities arising from motor vehicles is more than that of total deaths caused due to natural calamities. As a matter of fact, in the U.S. one's odd of getting hurt in a vehicular accident is better compared to one in a thousand, in any particular year. (the Disaster Center's Motor Vehicle Accident Death and Injury data Index, par: 1) the journeying citizens face dangers of meeting with accidents in U.S. roadways and are major reasons for loss of lives for people below thirty four years. (Automobile & Motorcycle Accidents Information, par: 1) Riders of motorcycles meeting death is twenty-two times more as against passengers traveling in four-wheelers. (Facts about Motor Vehicle Accidents and Personal Injuries, par: 1) Presently on an average more than 40,000 people die every year in about 5 million motor vehicle accidents in the U.S. Even during 2002, close to 43,000 people lost their lives in accidents on highway across the country, inclusive of motorcycle accidents. This equals more than 115 deaths daily. The financial cost of these accidents is phenomenal, more than $150 billion every year. (Automobile & Motorcycle Accidents Information, par: 1) the U.S. records the highest and most expensive car accident issue in the universe, a concern that even though its list of victims are always openly available, majority of the Americans tend to ignore. (De Silva 1) popular method of calculation to arrive at the frequencies of injuries and deaths in the roads of America is the number of accidents for every 100 million Vehicle Miles Traveled - VMT. There was a rise in the deaths due to motorcycle accidents from 25.06 deaths per million VMT in 1992 to 34.28 deaths per million VMT in 2002, a surge of more than 36% in a decadal period. As against this, deaths due to accidents in cars and light trucks per million VMT came down by 14% and 4 per cent, respectively during that identical period. Calculated on per vehicle mile, motorcycle riders have 27% more chances of getting involved in fatal traffic accidents compared to people traveling in automobiles. (Motorcycle accidents in the News, par: 3)

The year 2003 saw 3,661 motorcycle meeting death due to motorcycle crashes a rise of 4% compared to the year 2002. This apart, 67,000 people faced injuries in motorcycle accidents (Motorcycle Accidents: Grossman Law Offices, par:1) the annual report released by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration - NHTSA says that in 2004, deaths due to motorcycle accidents went up to cross 4000 for the first time since 1987. As per the statement by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 4008 motorcycle riders faced deaths in highway accidents in 2004 which is a 7.9% rise from 2003 levels. Besides, in excess of 70,000 injuries due to motorcycle accidents were reported in 2004 which is also a record annual high. Likely reasons for the death rate going up can be attributed to a jump in new motorcycles sale, a lot of states revoking the compulsory helmet rules, and the mushrooming of more number of riders without any experience. U.S. citizens acquired an anticipated 7, 34,000 motorcycles during 2004, a remarkable rise as compared to last year's figures as per the report released by the Motorcycle Safety Foundation. However a highway administration spokesman put the responsibility with the states that have lifted compulsory helmet rules. According to a report published by the agency, Florida saw an 81% growth of motorcycle deaths during a three-year time frame following the revoking of the state's helmet laws in 2000. Detractors of helmet groups reply that more bike owners represent the middle-aged group who are inexperienced riders, who do not posses any training. (Motorcycle Death Toll Rises, par: 1-2)

Annually 3, 00,000 people are injured in car accidents in California - the state recording the maximum accident rates. Accidents in motorcycles are responsible for uneven number of disastrous injuries on the highways which is unfortunate. Generally, motorcycle riders face more serious injuries compared to car occupants. (Motor Vehicle Accidents: California and Nevada Auto accident and motorcycle attorneys, par: 4) California has throughout maintained as the state having highest motorcycle accident deaths. This could be witnessed from the figures of accident deaths in California being 5, 496 in 1980, which reduced to 5192 in 1990 and further to 3753 in 2000 which again increased to 4120 in the year 2004. Even though accident rates in California in the year 2000 and 2004 has decreased when compared to the years, 1980 and 1990, California has throughout these years maintained its position as the state with the highest motorcycle accident rates in the U.S. (Motor Vehicle Deaths by state: 1980 to 2004, par: 1) Texas state occupies the third position in the deaths due to motorcycle accidents, coming second after California and Florida. (Texas Motorcycle Accident Statistics, par: 2) District of Columbia is the state with the lowest motorcycle accident with only 43 deaths reported in the year 2004 and it has been continuing its lowest trend among all the states from 1980 onwards till 2004. (Motor Vehicle Deaths by state: 1980 to 2004, par: 1)

In case one is a male, then one's odds of dying in an automobile accident are double than if one is a female. Nevertheless, if you are female, you chances of getting injured are more. The most vulnerable age group is between 16 and 24 for both the genders. Within the ages of 16 and 64, drunken driving accounts for more than 20% of all accidental death and between the ages of 21 and 44, nearly half of all the deaths. The rates of fatal deaths between the ages of 16 and 44 have come down since 1975. The most remarkable fall in accident rates has been witnessed in the 16-20 age brackets. Nearly 50% of all destruction in properties leads to injuries and deaths. From 1966, the proportion of death due to accidents has gone down by nearly 40% by the number of drivers more than half and by the amount of miles driven by nearly 70%. Presently we are undertaking a lot of driving and the doing it safely than ever before. With rising age, our chances of death as a pedestrian goes up, however our odds of sustaining injuries are higher at young age. Roughly, 15% of people who lose their lives due to automobile… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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