Mozart Effect the Work of Don Campbell Term Paper

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Mozart Effect

The work of Don Campbell (1989) entitled: "The Mozart Effect" relates the story of Campbell's healing as well as many other healings through sound and music. The music of Mozart is healing to human beings as well as other life forms. It is reported in the work entitled: "Music Stimulates Mental Growth, Experts Assert" published in the Boston Herald (2002) that Don Campbell states: "What we do to stimulate the brain through music lasts a lifetime. Parents can increase verbal, emotional and kinesthetic (movement) intelligence with music. My work is to show how music actually is a form of nutrition for the brain." (Nissman, 2002)

According to Campbell, the Mozart Effect "does not only reflect Mozart's music. it's the importance of auditory stimulation and the importance of having an auditory environment for families in the home." (Nissman, 2002) Campbell is noted as having additionally stated that several studies "have shown that playing Mozart seems toe raise the IQ significantly if played 10 minutes before the can stimulate the lazy student." (Nissman, 2002) Campbell warns against over-stimulation stating: "If a child is born into a home with a couple of siblings, computers, a TV, a boom box and in their room there's a large air conditions, this baby's going to be in auditory overload. In this day and age, a quiet environment as well as great stimulation are important." (Nissman, 2002)


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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was a child prodigy born in 1756 and the composer of in excess of six hundred major compositions, which included piano sonatas and concertos, operas, symphonies, and other various musical compositions. The melodies, rhythms, and frequency range which is quite high is a stimulant to the brain regions relating to creativity and motivation. Mozart's work has been stated in research findings to calm the individual listening as well as improving the individuals' spatial perception while simultaneously enabling the individual listening to more clearly express themselves.

Term Paper on Mozart Effect the Work of Don Campbell Assignment

The work of Don Campbell entitled: "The Mozart Effect: Tapping the Power of Music to Heal the Body, Strengthen the Mind, and Unlock the Creative Spirit" is said to provide "conclusive evidence that music; particularly Mozart's music can be used to reduce high blood pressure and anxiety. Music can break up cancer cells in our bodies and can help to heal mental illnesses. Scientists concluded that preferred music may produce a positive emotional experience that can release hormones which crate a healing effect in the body." (Campbell, 1997) in fact, Baltimore's hospital coronary care units director claims that thirty minutes of classical music has the power to produce the same effect on the individual as approximately ten milligrams of valium would produce. (Campbell, 1997; paraphrased) Autistic children have been shown to interact more normally with their parents after music therapy. Campbell writes in the 'Overture' section of his book:

What is this magical medium that moves, enchants, energizes and heals us? In an instant, music can uplift our soul. It awakens within us the spirit of prayer, compassion and love. It clears our minds and has been known to make us smarter. Music can dance and sing our blues away. It conjures of memories of lost lovers or deceased friends. It lets the child in us play, the monk in us pray...It helps the stroke patient find language and expression. Music is a holy place, a cathedral so majestic that we can sense the magnificence of the universe, and also a hovel so simple and private that none of us can plumb its deepest secrets." (Campbell, 1997)

In his book, Campbell cites a study conducted by a French musician and teacher, Fabien Maman which makes the claim that cancer cells are killed by music which doesn't harm healthy cells." (Shulgold, 1998) While the Mozart Effect is doubted by some it is stead that Weinberger believes that "recovery time in a hospital is faster (with music). We know music is good at lowering blood pressure." (Shulgold, 1998) Beverly Nadler writes: "The unified field of energy is made up of light, and sound and color are the first manifestations of light. The higher the vibration, the closer we come to light. 'Enlightened' beings are drawn with a halo of light around them to show their high state of consciousness. Perhaps you've notice that when you feel joy or faith or love - all of which are high vibration emotions - you also feel 'lighter'." (Nadler, nd)


The work of Rausher, Shaw and Ky (1993) reports research examining whether cognitive ability could be increased through exposure to certain music. The study was conducted among thirty-six college-aged individuals who each listened ten minutes in three conditions: (1) piano sonata by Mozart (sonata for two pianos in D, K448); (2) a tape of relaxation instructions; or (3) silence for the purpose of examining whether these conditions brought about an improvement to the spatial performance of the participants in the study. This study reports that the participants were testing immediately following each condition and that spatial/temporal reasoning were measured using subtests from a standard intelligence battery of tests, the Stanford-Binet Test. The study is stated to "establish the term 'The Mozart Effect'." (Linton, 1999) the Mozart Effect is "the idea that exposure to classical music, (especially the music of Mozart) improves intelligence." (Bangerter and Heath, nd; p. 3) This idea has been one of a popular nature although the scientific results are still somewhat controversial.

The work of Michael Vollero entitled: "Nurturing the Body and Mind in Physical Education with Mozart" relates that school and communities have adopted innovative strategies for improving academic achievement among students and specifically stated by Vollero is that: "Scholars are continuously seeking that magical answer to make students improve their intellect." (2007) Vollero states that in order to "develop a revolutionary challenge" that it is necessary that a fruitful environment for learning be designed and secondly to understand the design of the brain and the brain functions in learning. Vollero's study familiarizes the reader with "neural connections and how the brain transforms sound into electrical messages." (Vollero, 2007) Additionally explained by Vollero are how 'specific neurotransmitters (chemical stimulus) are cultivated through physical exercise together with setting a musical environmental that stimulates 'The Mozart Effect' can improve learning." (2007) it is stated by Vollero "...together with physical activities and music, educators can develop strategies that extend instructional strategies by deciphering new learning paradigms with the mind and the human body." (2007)

Vollero reports that Leng and Shaw from the University of California state the suggestion that "the brain starts out with a certain connective patterns or circuitry in its cells, called neurons, which is highly structured in time and space. Music may 'excite' and strengthen these neural patterns in some way and prepare the brain for executing higher brain functions." (2007) Vollero further relates another study that examined spatial intelligence using a variety of scores of music "while viewing sixteen abstract figures on an overhead screen for one minute each. The exercise tested whether seventy-nine students, could tell how the items would look when they were unfolded. Music selected for this study came from Mozart, Phillip Glass, a dance piece, mixed sounds, an audiotape story and finally silence." (2007) Findings from this study are stated to be 'remarkable' as "the researchers found that listening to Mozart achieved the highest scores. This suggests that listening to Mozart helps organize the firing patterns of neurons in the cerebral cortex, especially strengthening creative right brain processes associated with spatial-temporal reasoning. In other words listening to Mozart can improve your concentration and thus enhance your talent to produce intuitive leaps." (2007) While the positive effect on spatial IQ scores for the Mozart group was noted as being brief still those scores were "eight to nine points higher than that of the other two groups." (Vollero, 2007)

The work of Scheufele (2000) is reported to have made an examination of "...whether effects of individual elements of relaxation could be measured and whether there were specific effects or whether relaxation resulted from generalized relaxation response." (Scheufele, 2000) the study was conducted among 67 male volunteers who were healthy and "exposed to a stress manipulation condition and then to a) progressive relaxation; b) music; c) attention control; or d) silence." (Scheufele, 2000) All four groups are stated to have shown "...a reduction in psychological arousal following their relaxation or control condition as well as a decreased heart rate. However, progressive relaxation resulted in the greatest effects on behavioral and self-report measures of relaxation." (Scheufele, 2000) Scheufele's findings suggests: "...cognitive cues provided by stress management techniques contribute to relaxation." (Scheufele, 2000)

The Mozart Effect is explored in the work of Will Dowd in the work entitled: "The Myth of the Mozart Effect" published January 1st 2008, which relates that whenever Einstein was "stalled on an intractable problem..." he would reach for his violin and would play in order to "disentangle his brain and clarify the question at… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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