Multiple Forms of Pollution Term Paper

Pages: 7 (2377 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 10  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Transportation - Environmental Issues

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] "The 'polluter pays principle' is an idea with which it is hard to quibble. . . . Yet as much sense as it makes, 'polluter pays' is less the order of the day in most societies than 'paying the polluter.' Around the world governments offer myriad subsidies for activities that end up harming the environment and wasting money, thus weakening economies."

Overall, governments act to facilitate mining or logging operations that generate substantial amounts of capital, but also produce harmful externalities. These externalities can sometimes be quite costly in resolving, and commonly these costs are footed by the taxpayer or those directly affected by the pollution.

"Externalities are the spill-over effects from production or consumption of goods and services for which no compensation is paid. . . . If a factory creates pollution, for example, other companies and consumers have to pay the social costs."

The broad economic impact of such practices is negative, but for the individual corporations receiving government subsidies it can be quite profitable.Buy full Download Microsoft Word File paper
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Term Paper on Multiple Forms of Pollution Are Assignment

Despite the considerable attention paid to pollution caused by automobile exhausts and nutrient runoff, perhaps the most damaging and significant forms of pollution are generated by power companies. Coal, gas, oil, and nuclear power companies contribute to global warming and air pollution in much more substantial manners than individual contributors. Additionally, some produce harmful solid byproducts that must either be dumped into the environment or quarantined indefinitely. Of these options, nuclear energy is perhaps the most harmless from an environmental standpoint -- that is, if its wastes can be stored and transported safely. However, its universal implementation has been hindered by a highly negative social stigma; largely, this is attributable to incidents like the Three Mile Island meltdown. Its primary competitors -- coal oil -- cause pollution on massive scales. But since coal and oil have traditionally been used extensively, there exists much resistance to overhauling the world's energy systems. Instead, ample time and money has been invested into making coal and oil cleaner -- essentially, making them bad for the environment, but not as bad. This illustrates a common trend within modern society: out moral obligations to eliminate pollution are usually forced to bend to our economic obligations as a society.

To appropriately address many of the world's environmental problems it is important to put them, and ourselves, in perspective. The natural world has taken approximately 4.5 billion years to reach the form we currently see today. All the diversity of life and natural environments we are currently familiar with gradually sprang from the first single-celled organisms -- human are no exception. The biological processes of natural selection and sexual selection have ultimately resulted in some of the most beautiful and interesting plants and animals that could ever be imagined. As part of this process, humans -- as observed from an objective perspective -- could almost be thought of as a plague. We have descended on the land like locusts, devoured and destroyed everything in our path, with completely no concern outside of our own sustenance and procreation. On a geologic timescale humans are hardly worth mentioning; even the most generous estimates place the origin of modern man to 2 million years ago. By comparison to the millions of organisms that came before us, our success has been extremely short-lived and, like locusts, self-destructive.

UPI News NewsTrack. (2005). "U.S. Air Base Loses Noise Pollution Suit." United Press International, Feb. 17.

Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. (2005). "Too Little, Too Late to Check Pollution." Financial Times, Feb. 17.

See Above, no. ii.

See Above, no. ii.

U.S. Newswire. (2005). "Clean the Air: Revised Bush Air Pollution Plan Increases Attacks on Clean Air Act." COMTEX News Network, Feb. 10.

Prince, Laurence. (2001). Global Warming: the Threat of Earth's Changing Climate. New York: SeaStar Books. Page 12.

Dodson, Stanley I. And Anthony R. Ives. (1998). Ecology. New York: Oxford University Press. Page 119.

Shaw, Jane S. (2002). Critical Thinking about Environmental Issues: Global Warming. New York: Greenhaven Press. Pages 71-72.

See Above, no. vii. Page 100.

See Above, no. vii. Page 100.

See Above, no. vii. Page 136.

Home News. (2005). "Sewage Pollution." The Times, Feb. 19.

Edwards, Rob. (2005). "Study Reveals Cancer Risk to Unborn Babies from City-Center Air Pollution." Sunday Herald, Feb. 20.

Roodman, David Malin. (1997). "Subsidizing Pollution." The Humanist, v. 57, May/June. P. 34-5.

See Above, no. xiv. Page 34.

Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. (2005). "Pollution: Smells Like Money." Financial Times, Feb. 18.

Works Cited:

Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. (2005). "Pollution: Smells Like Money." Financial Times, Feb. 18.

Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. (2005). "Too Little, Too Late to Check Pollution." Financial Times, Feb. 17.

Dodson, Stanley I. And Anthony R. Ives. (1998). Ecology. New York: Oxford University Press.

Edwards, Rob. (2005). "Study Reveals Cancer Risk to Unborn Babies from City-Center Air Pollution." Sunday Herald, Feb. 20.

Home News. (2005). "Sewage Pollution." The Times, Feb. 19.

Prince, Laurence. (2001). Global Warming: the Threat of Earth's Changing Climate. New York: SeaStar Books.

Roodman, David Malin. (1997). "Subsidizing Pollution." The Humanist, v. 57, May/June. P. 34-5.

Shaw, Jane S. (2002).… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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