Muscles Involved in the Backhand Action of the Tennis Shot Term Paper

Pages: 4 (1273 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 5  ·  File: .docx  ·  Topic: Anatomy


Backhand Action of the Tennis Shot

This paper analyzes the muscles involved in the backhand action of a tennis shot. Included are all muscles initiating and assisting this motion, including the muscles of the leg.

Define the Action

To understand what muscles are involved in a backhand shot, one must first define the actual action, and the body parts involved at each moment of action. Many consider it common knowledge the elbow muscles are involved in a backhand swing, in part because the muscles of the elbow and tendons in the elbow are often involved in "tennis elbow" a condition common in players. Since these muscles are involved in the backhand shot however, they are worth mention. They include the muscles in the forearm, which enable the wrist to bend back to prepare for a shot, called the extensor muscles, which attach to the lateral epicondyle, connected by a tendon.

During the backhand, the player will position themselves in a manner to prepare for the shot, by tossing the ball with the right hand, then exude a forward motion from which they will swing their racket, impact the ball and follow through landing on their leg supported by the back and pelvis. This complex action involves multiple muscle groups.

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TOPIC: Term Paper on Muscles Involved in the Backhand Action of the Tennis Shot Assignment

Other muscles extensively used in the backhand shot include: (1) the leg muscles, primarily the quadriceps or the front of the upper le muscles, and the gluteus muscles which help stabilize the person playing tennis; (2) the gastrocnemius muscles, which serve to stabilize the core during a backhanded motion; (3) the chest and upper body, including the pectoralis major and latissimus dorsi, which also provide power and support for the backhand position during the initial phases through the shot itself; (4) the deltoid muscles, which provide power to the actual racket and during the shot, accompanied by the rotator cuff and shoulder adductor, responsible for providing force during the shot; (5) the triceps, which help support the forearm and elbow during the swing; (6) the wrist and hand muscles, which also actively engage during the swing part of the shot; (7) the lower back, which helps support the torso and stabilize the body as the player follows through with the shot and (8) the abdominal muscles, including the rectus abdominus, which stabilize the body, and the internal and external left oblique, which help position the body for the backhand shot and enable the tennis player to move the ball forward during the swing and follow through phase of the backhand shot (Walkerbout Health, 2007).

What many tennis players do not realize is the neck muscles, including the neck flexor muscle and the extensor muscles, also engage during the hit phase of the backhand shot and the follow through (Walkerbout Health, 2007). While most people may assume the muscles in the arm and legs are those primarily engaged during this shot, it is clear to see the entire body is often involved in this complex move. For this reason, it is critical all players warm up and stress the affected muscles prior to vigorous engagement, to help reduce the likelihood of injury including sprains and strains to key muscle groups.

The rotator cuffs and the muscles and tendons along the scapula are often inflamed and affected in tennis players that excel and frequently engage in backhanded shots, in part because the rotator cuffs provide much of the power of the shot during the swing, impact and follow through parts of the backhand shot. Also commonly overused include the forearm muscles, which are usually only injured when the player engages in bad technique or form (Walkerbout Health, 2007). The potential for injury is significantly reduced when the player takes care to stretch and perfect their stroke to avoid undue stress to the tissues surrounding… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "Muscles Involved in the Backhand Action of the Tennis Shot" Term Paper in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Muscles Involved in the Backhand Action of the Tennis Shot.  (2007, June 5).  Retrieved September 26, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Muscles Involved in the Backhand Action of the Tennis Shot."  5 June 2007.  Web.  26 September 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Muscles Involved in the Backhand Action of the Tennis Shot."  June 5, 2007.  Accessed September 26, 2021.