Term Paper: National Incident Management System Theoretical

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[. . .] Generally, the incident command systems are the most common sets of command structures and terminologies, which are used on various incident scenes. They are important in providing efficient management of the resources that are involved during an incident resolution process. National Incident Management System is important in providing a national framework, which enables global responders work collectively on complex incidents. The National Incident Management systems command and management revolves around three key areas. The key areas are the Incident Command Systems, Public Information Systems and the Multiagency Coordination Systems. In this case, the National Incident Management System's Incident Command Systems revolves around the National Wildfire Coordinating Group. In contrast, the Incident Command Systems highly focuses on intelligence and information incorporation.

National Incident Management System Public Information systems are the protocols and systems, which are essential for timely communication and perfect information to a given public in case there is an emergency or crisis. The public information systems entails a public information officer who may be within a given information center. As part of management processes in various organizations, post-incident analysis follows the Incident management processes in determination why a particular incident happened. Generally, organization's leadership overshadows the different post-incident analysis put in place in any given organization. This is with an intention of preventing future incidents through different precautionary measures. In most cases, the National Incident Management System works together with the NRF or the National Response Framework. In these situations, the National Response Framework provides a necessary template for incident management while the National Response Framework gives the necessary mechanism structure for incident management policies on a National level.

Description of Components of NIMS

The national incident management system (NIMS) outlines an effective approach guiding all organization governmental and non-governmental on how to respond to and take care of an emergency at all times regardless of place and time. There are six components of National Incident Management System they include the following: Command and management, Preparedness, Resource management, Communications and information management, Supporting technologies, Ongoing management and maintenance, Command and management (Walsh et al. 2011)

Command and management

This is the incident command system for the National Incident Management System (NIMS). The incident command system is a set of terminology and structure of commands used during an emergency to provide effective management of all resources involved in resolving the incident during that crisis or happening. The National Incident Management System outlines a common national framework. Responders from across the nation follow this system, who collectively works together in solving issues on a large scale or complex incidents. This ensures faster solving of the incident since it is a collective work and there is collective solution of issues.

The National Incident Management System (NIMS) command and management revolves around three main area, the incident command system (ICS), multiagency coordination and public information system. The Basis of National Incident Management System (ICS) is the national wildfire-coordinating group also known as FIRESCOPE ICS. This system has been in place in the U.S. states for about 30 years. Its main emphases are on Incorporation of intelligence and information sharing as one component of incident command structure, and liaise to the incident commander or at the field operations level.

Facilities, equipments, personnel, procedures and communications make up National Incident Management System Multiagency coordination systems (MACS). These components operate from a common base, which coordinates and supports local/domestic incidents management activities. Its existence ensures that there is an effective solution for local or domestic incidents. This step ensures maintenance of maximum safety at all times. National Incident Management System (NIMS) public information systems and protocols for communication ensure fast, accurate and timely dissemination of information to the public in the event of a crisis or emergency. It has a support centre under incident commander or unified command.

Preparedness

National Incident Management System (NIMS) preparedness is its ability and capability to sustain a certain level of incident in times of an emergency. These involves its plans of action and actions to be taken during emergency and prevent any danger it posses to the people. National Incident Management System has a unified strategy of approaches in place for preparedness purposes. To ensure its success, there is always a continuous planning, training, exercising, evaluating, equipping and preferred action to suitable in times of an incident. For minimal error, there are continuous reviews of the processes over time. National Incident Management System coordinates with all the stakeholders concerned to ensure such operations are smooth and run without much difficulty and interferences. It involves both the government and private sectors in these processes since in times of emergency both involved in a way or the other (Molino luis 2008).

The basis for National Incident Management System's (NIMS) ability to handle any emergency. Emergency operations plan (EOP). This plan outlines and explains the strength and level of preparedness and management activities, which are crucial for that task/job. Emergency Operations Plan (EOP) covers many organizations, tasked to come up with measures to be used in the event of emergency incident handling. The strategies should include how the organization will accomplish the task its assignment solution. To achieve this is the organization has to develop four standard levels of procedural documents; field operation guide; and job aids other plans include corrective action, mitigation and recovery. All these measures should always be up-to-date and effective. Personnel to undertake this assignment should always know what and how to do in whatever incident. When one prepares for an emergency the intensity of the actual occurrence of the incident is not heavily felt since measures are in place to solve the emergency. This is better than waiting for a solution after the incident.

Resource management

For effective management of an incident, there must be proper management of available resources (Elsevier 2009). These are to be used during times of emergency to curb loss and minimize the damage that could have resulted from the incident. The national incident management system provides only the basic concepts and principles for resource management. These basic concepts and principle are a consequence of the National Incident Management's Document. The review always occurs over time to ensure their maximized effectiveness when implemented. Chapter vii of that the document contains cross-disciplinary effort led by National Incident Management System integration centre and has widely description and explanation. (Walsh et al. 2011)

National Incident Management System resource management concept bases on; networking of strategies, measures, plans and a system that provide incident managers with effective and timely resources during an emergency. These resources include personnel, teams, facilities, equipment, and supplies. It coordinates activities, which take place within the emergency operations plan (EOP) (Deal and Tim, 2011).

Communications and information management

Just like any other system, the emergency management and incident responses depend on communication and information management, which provides a universal operating picture. The operating picture is provided to all the coordination and command sites. National Incident Management System offers a reliable nationwide template, which enables different governments, non-governmental institutions and the private sector to work collectively during the domestic incidents. Maintaining and establishing a universal operating picture, opera ability and guaranteeing accessibility are the main goals of this system in the NIMS (Schottke, 2007). Well planned, established, and a communication that is well applied will enable information dissemination among the support elements and commands.

National Incident Management System Communications and Information management is a vital area under development. The emphasis here is the working towards a common communication and information systems and standards. Working towards collaborative efforts will help in providing an accomplished interoperability and this will be facilitated by the National Incident Management System (NIMS) Integration Center. Upon the establishment of a full development in this system, system interoperability and maximum communications may be needed of the local jurisdictions (Schottke, 2007).

In order to have a successful communication and data, the management will require that the emergency responses personnel and their associated organizations various types of communications which are standardized. Some of the standardized communications include; the strategic communications, tactical communications, support communications and the public communications. The strategic communications entails a high level of directions, which includes the roles, responsibility determinations and resource priority decisions. It also includes an overall incident response strategy (Jacobs, 2009).

Tactical communications are the communications that occur between the support elements command and the support elements. They also entail an appropriate and cooperating organizations and agencies.

The support communications entails the coordination, which supports the tactical and strategic communications. Finally, the public address communications are press conferences, warnings and emergency alerts (Jacobs, 2009).

Supporting technologies

In National Incident Management Systems, supporting technologies means the technological systems and technology in providing support, which are essential in refining and implementing the National Incident Management System. They generally include the voice and information communication systems such as resource tracking and record keeping. They also include various display systems, specialized technologies that help in facilitating incident management activities… [END OF PREVIEW]

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