Nations Formed Through the Combination Term Paper

Pages: 5 (1254 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 4  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Drama - World

Nations formed through the combination of multiple ethnic cultures are often plagued by occasional disruptions due to differences between the cultures. The nation of Yugoslavia, however, formed through the combination of four major ethnic groups, Serbian, Croatians, Slovaks and Montenegro. For most of its history the Yugoslavian state existed with little or no ethnic conflict. There were period difficulties but they were quickly quelled. (Silber

This all changed, however, subsequent to the death of long time dictator, Josip Tito. Tito had successfully held the coalition together but with his death the ethnic differences that were naturally present began to have their effect. When Serbia and Croatia could not resolve their differences over the exchange of power which resulted in their each declaring independence the entire government fell apart. As the Serbs were the controlling ethnic group they began a period of harsh suppression against the other ethnic groups within the state. The eventual result was the complete breakup of the loosely organized Yugoslavian state.

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Ethnicity definitely played a part in the breaking up the Yugoslavian government but the political reaction by the Serbian leadership was equally or more important. The Serbian leaders emphasized the differences between the various ethnic groups instead of attempting to organize around the similarities and in the process build a feeling of nationalism. This polarization offered the opportunity for the individual ethnic groups to build unity around their own cultural customs and mores and to become alienated from the other groups that formulated the Yugoslavian nation state. The Serbian majority manipulated the situation so that the ethnic differences were more important than any Yugoslavian nationalism. In the end the country was dissolved and individual states established built around more historical ethnic lines.

Essay Question

Term Paper on Nations Formed Through the Combination of Multiple Assignment

The end of the Second World War marked a decrease in interstate conflicts and a severe increase in intrastate conflicts. Interstate conflicts are disputes that occur between sovereign states while intrastate conflicts involve ethnic or religious groups fighting against each other or against a government to obtain secure autonomy, independence, or well-being. Often intrastate conflicts can be characterized as a civil war they are not always so.

The end of the Cold War which saw the United States remaining as the only true super military power served the purpose of reducing the risk of interstate conflict. Militarily the fall of the Soviet Union meant that there was no one available to challenge the United States and, thus, interstate conflicts became minimized. (Burg)

Unfortunately the same could not be said for intrastate conflicts. Suddenly intrastate conflicts developed throughout the world as ethnic differences that had been percolating for years began to erupt. Conflicts based upon ethnicity occurred in Yugoslavia, Rwanda, the Congo, Somalia and the Sudan.

The usual cause of these intrastate conflicts is the apparent or perceived discrimination or disadvantage felt by a specific ethnic, religious or social group. These groups have felt exploited for some considerable period of time and frustration has set in as they feel powerless to alter their situation. Too often the frustration become intolerable and when the groups' needs and demands are not met the group resorts to the only option left available which is usually violence.

In each of the cases noted above, the level of violence has been considerable and concentrated efforts by the international community have proven to be of little value. The ethnic groups involved resent the interference of outside authorities as they feel that the problems are internal and best left for resolution. The residual effect of intrastate conflicts is that the involved nation state's economy is drastically affected creating sub-standard living conditions for the nation's citizenry. Too often widespread loss of human life is the result with the remainder of the population facing the possibility of life as… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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