Native American Culture Term Paper

Pages: 5 (1340 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 17  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Native Americans


In 1968 the first tribal college opened on the Navajo reservation and by 1995, there were twenty-nine such college (Natives Pp). There are numerous radio stations, as well a newspapers and periodicals (Natives Pp).

A common concept among the majority of Native tribes is that of a dual divinity: "a Creator who is responsible for the creation of the world and is recognized in religious ritual and prayers, and a mythical individual, a hero or trickster, who teaches culture, proper behavior and provides sustenance to the tribe" (Native pp). Totems are a part of the spiritual path and represent the understanding cultural heritage as well as personality types (Meeks pp). Animal totems embody not only spiritual beings, messengers and guides, but also "embody some very firm principles in facing internal psychological conflicts that can have a bearing on many aspects of life including the spiritual aspect" (Meeks pp). Even today the dances at Powwows have a strong personal and spiritual dimension as each dance involves different stories and interpretation, depending on tribal and family background (Dances pp).

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The arrival of Europeans marked a major change in Native society as tens of millions died from sickness, and programs of slavery and extermination (Native pp). Moreover, Europeans viewed Native American spirituality as worthless superstition and many survivors were forced to convert to Christianity (Native pp). During the mid-20th century both the United States and Canadian governments forced entire generations of native children into residential church operated schools (Native pp).

The current system of tribal government is a governing system imposed by the federal government that is a paternal system that replaces what was previously, in many cases, a matriarchal society, and is viewed by many as no more than an arm of the federal government (Line pp).

TOPIC: Term Paper on Native American Culture the Native Assignment

During recent decades there has begun a movement among Native American tribes to reconnect and restore much of their cultural heritage. The First Peoples' Cultural Foundation is a non-profit charitable public organization that generates support to raise awareness and funding for Aboriginal language revitalization (First pp). Native Nations Network, NNN, is a Native American and Canadian First Nations global, "online tribal village featuring news, editorials, essays, internet sources, events, action alerts, and specialty sections focusing on issues of sovereignty, treaty rights and activism," with the objective to provide an interactive gathering of Indigenous peoples to share ideas, information, and celebrate all Native cultures (Nations pp). The International Indian treaty Council is an organization of Indigenous Peoples from North, Central, South America and the Pacific with the purpose of working for the recognition and protection of Indigenous rights, traditional cultures and scared lands (International pp). The Center for World Indigenous Studies is an independent, non-profit research and education organization dedicated to promoting a better understanding and appreciation of the ideas and knowledge of indigenous peoples (Center pp).

From November 20, 2004 through January 30, 2005, the Art Institute of Chicago is displaying an exhibit called "Hero, Hawk, and Open Hand: American Indian Art of the Ancient Midwest and South," that explores the themes of the early civilizations of the mid-western and southern United States (Art pp).

Work Cited

Natives, North American

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition; 4/22/2004; Pp.

Native American Spirituality

Meeks, Travis. "Native American symbol totem animals."

The Dances

A Line in the Sand.

The Art Institute of Chicago: Hero, Hawk and Open Hand.

First Peoples' Cultural Foundation.

Native Nations Network.

International Indian Treaty Councils

The Center for World Indigenous Studies [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "Native American Culture" Term Paper in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Native American Culture.  (2004, November 28).  Retrieved August 2, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Native American Culture."  28 November 2004.  Web.  2 August 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Native American Culture."  November 28, 2004.  Accessed August 2, 2021.