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Needs Assessment and Action Plan for Poverty Reduction in Wilson, NCResearch Paper

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¶ … poverty' denotes a specific meaning, then, it is thinkable to differentiate poverty from a heap of various societal problems. Undertaking assessment of anti-poverty initiatives and their ranking isn't achieved conscientiously by assuming to equalize all societal aims (Watts, n.d.).

A stellar poverty reduction program dictates that a responsive strategy should be able to tackle many aspects of poverty. Therefore, the strategy is shaped around a communal development process, which entails social development and viable economic growth, inclusive of solid governance and macroeconomic management. For accomplishing social inclusive development, a thorough understanding about pro-poor policies is needed along with consideration of the ecological consequences of such policies and their effects on poor (ADB, 2004).

Possible Needs

Sustainable Economic Growth

For spearheading economic growth, combating poverty is a given. Poverty is cut down by economic growth, when employment opportunities open up and incomes increase due to labor centric efforts. Programs and policies favoring economic growth are powerful tools for opening up employment opportunities and income increases. Furthermore, they can bolster resources for pro-poor endeavors (ADB, 2004).

Environmental Management

In order to sustain economic growth, environmental considerations are of vital significance. Mounting pressures of poverty and population often lead to deforestation and consumption of resources. On one hand, the poor reside in environmentally delicate regions which require proper resource management. On the other hand, the poor dwelling in urban locations may be subjected to diseases due to poor standard of living and congestion. Therefore, poverty reduction schemes need to be designed so as to boost the productivity and maintenance of the environment and its natural resources (ADB, 2004).

Social Development

With the help of economic growth, poverty can be curbed down when a social development program is implemented. For maximum effect, a power reduction plan should comprise of:

Population policy

Human capital development

No gender bias

Social protection

Social capital development (ADB, 2004).

Good Governance

Able governance is necessary to curb down poverty. It promotes pro-poor policies automatically, incorporates macroeconomic as well as public expenditure management, guarantees transparency and accountability of fundings, promotes private sector expansion, encourages speedy public service delivery and lastly, upholds the law (ADB, 2004).

Infrastructure, science and technology

Subsequent to acknowledging the necessity of bolstering the economic opportunities of social services and expanding markets, developing physical infrastructure is a basic requirement. The standard of communication, transportation and energy sector is generally substandard and inhibits growth. Rural regions lack proper roads and telecommunications, which drive down the prospects of new markets, employment and foreign / local trade. The underlying conditions in rural regions inhibit other social routines (schools, fast medical services, courts, trade and market) (IMF, 2005).

Employment status

A source of concern is the alarmingly high rates of underemployment and joblessness. As per Integrated Labor Force Survey (2001/02), the net workforce (from age 15 and above) has risen from 11.2 million back in 1990-1990 to 17.8 million at the end 2001. It means that 50,000 new workers are entering the market / year. In comparison, the net incomes of employees are increasing at a lesser rate, calculated at 40,000 people / year. As per research, contribution of females is higher than 50.6%; this is dominant in minor trading, with some depreciation in other fields which are male dominant (transport and construction). However, it was revealed that women having equivalent educational credentials earned less than men and this differentiation kept growing with rise in educational level (IMF, 2005).

Action Plan

Restructure and coordinate workforce development services to promote career skills building and career advancement.

The city has disjointed employee development services. With the presence of multiple employee pertaining resources, a multitude of programs and access points have opened up. At present, there are numerous employee training providers all across the city providing skill development, placement, training and retention services. At a bare minimum, timely integration would align these disjointed efforts into placing of individuals in well-paid jobs in developing sectors. Apart from that, the city needs to streamline funding in order to attain better synchronization of services (Canada & Parsons, 2006).

Increase access to training for those who are working

Employer training programs can assist the poor to acquire new skills, as such training can be implemented in their present workplace. This training is imparted to achieve clear outlined objectives, such as promotions and salary increases. The city should promote enterprises to open up career prospects for low income workers via training-incentive programs. The enterprises on the other hand need to standardize employer desired training skills, so as to encourage further skill development and education. The Business Community on the other hand should amplify its support for training accounts, for instance Lifelong Learning Accounts, for low income employees. Limited English speakers for instance, could make use of funds reserved for educational training to register in various literacy classes (Canada & Parsons, 2006). As well, there should be strong employer encouragement and support for workers who choose to enter education programs.

Create effective partnerships among labor unions, business, and government to promote career ladders

One sector alone can't hone the skills of an entire population of workers. Businesses, governments, and labor needs to have public-private alliances for safeguarding the interests of employees and employers. Labor unions are intimately aware of the needs of employees. Therefore, they are in a better position to tackle the arising issues with employees and equip them for advanced positions. Employers on the other hand should foresee the arising trends in industry which may affect the career of their employees. With developing sectors hiring multitudes of low income employees, government, labor and businesses should collaborate on raising their standards and strategize their careers in respective industries (Canada & Parsons, 2006).

Increase access to health insurance coverage

For low income employees, hourly incomes may be less than expenses. Therefore, most low income employees are hard pushed to make their ends meet. Health care expenses can be astronomical when employers don't cover their employee's health insurance which compels them to part with their reserves or skip treatments. With the inclusion of fringe benefits, for instance subsidized health insurance, this can allow low income employees to build assets and pool funds. Therefore, their social status will improve gradually. The city needs to broaden its eligibility criteria for small enterprises to include health care insurance for their workers (Canada & Parsons, 2006).

Expand school-community collaborations to foster positive youth development in our neediest communities

Nationwide assessments of school-community cooperation reveal that constructive programs have a progressive outcome for younger generation. For example, Service Learning Program emphasize on youth development by keeping youth actively involved in their respective communities and schools via community service endeavors. These promote prospects of learning. The Teen Outreach Program (TOP) is one such program actively operating countrywide. With the help of Teen Outreach Program (TOP), a decline of 30% in rate of pregnancy has been achieved among members of TOP, which is an achievement in comparison to 2% decrease among control group members. Implementing such communal activities for the younger generation in employed families can also avert the deterrents that cause steady parental employment. It can bolster the results of disabled youth (Canada & Parsons, 2006).

Communicating with People

Steady communication of government and concerned personnel with the people is a necessity in order to be aware of their demands. The residents of a city are best aware of their needs and demands, therefore, it is highly imperative for the government and agencies to accumulate data and satisfy the demands of the people befittingly.

Accountability

The Bloomberg Administration is praiseworthy for its disposition to be held liable for its financing interests to measure outcomes. Therefore, the devised strategies and its plan for measurement must be similar. In order to achieve success in this regard, a robust coordinated management is required having bold targets which will have a significant effect on poverty. Apart from that, strict audits are required for understanding and regulating outcomes. If successful, it can be taken forward; in case of failure, it will be scrapped off (Canada & Parsons, 2006).

Methods of Evaluation

Under the directives of Poverty Monitoring System (PMS), founded in 2001, assessment of progress and monitoring of implementation will be conducted (IMF, 2005).

Objectives of the Poverty Monitoring System

Primary aims of this system are as follows:

Facilitation of data on a timely basis

Maintaining storage, access and usage for various stakeholders

Analyzing data and circulating the results amongst stakeholders

Encouraging decisions based on evidence from top to bottom by monitoring and increasing emphasis on assessment. (IMF, 2005)

Assessments will be conducted on three levels. Firstly, internal assessment will be conducted via the compilation of PER process and Poverty and Human Development Reports (PHDR).

Secondly, more room will be created for further ongoing assessment processes via Participatory Poverty Assessments as well as other methods for instance service delivery reports and qualitative evaluations, especially for the reform programs (for instance, local government reform and public sector reform)

Thirdly, an all-inclusive review along with yearly progress reports created as per national… [END OF PREVIEW]

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