New Diseases the Proliferation Term Paper

Pages: 3 (950 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 4  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Medicine

SAMPLE EXCERPT . . .
(Levy 1992)

Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE)

The Virginia Department of Health explains that Enterococci are a bacterium that is present in the Vagina and the Bowels. (Control of Antibiotic Resistant Organisms in Home Settings 2003) This bacterium has a tendency to spread to wounds, the urinary tract, and the bloodstream. (Control of Antibiotic Resistant Organisms in Home Settings 2003) The Journal of Community Health Nursing, asserts that the bacteria have enormous survival advantages in hospitalized patients and can persist on environmental surfaces for prolonged periods of time, surviving heat and desiccation (Shay, Goldmann, & Jarvis, 1995). Once thought to be relatively benign, enterococci are now recognized as a potent source of infections, particularly bacteremia and endocarditis (Stosor, Noskin, & Peterson, 1996). The National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance System (NNISS) now cites enterococci as the second most common bacterial cause of hospital-acquired infections, causing 12% of all nosocomial infections. (Neuman 1998)

The antibiotic used to treat the bacteria is Vancomycin and when patients are resistant to this drug their condition can be complicated to treat. (Control of Antibiotic Resistant Organisms in Home Settings 2003)

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The bacterium can be spread through contaminated surfaces and person to person. (Control of Antibiotic Resistant Organisms in Home Settings 2003) Experts insist that this bacterium is particularly dangerous because it can live for a long time on surfaces that are not properly cleaned. (Control of Antibiotic Resistant Organisms in Home Settings 2003) The long life of the bacteria increases the chances that it will infect people.

Symptoms and Prevention of MRSA and VRE

Term Paper on New Diseases the Proliferation of Assignment

Like MRSA, VRE individuals can be infected or colonized with the bacteria. The symptoms of the presence of the bacteria include an elevated white blood cell count, fever and inflammation. (Control of Antibiotic Resistant Organisms in Home Settings 2003) The Virginia Department of Health reports that the people that are most susceptible to contracting these disease include those with kidney disease, compromised immune systems, diabetes, vascular disease and those with catheters. (Control of Antibiotic Resistant Organisms in Home Settings 2003) Experts believe that there are several ways to prevent the spread of these bacteria; one of the most fundamental ways is through the thorough washing of hands. (Control of Antibiotic Resistant Organisms in Home Settings 2003) Other ways to prevent the diseases include the cleaning of contaminated services and limiting the number of people that are exposed to a colonized or infected person. (Control of Antibiotic Resistant Organisms in Home Settings 2003)

References

Control of Antibiotic Resistant Organisms in Home Settings, Specifically Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE). (March 2003). Virginia Department of Health. http://www.vdh.state.va.us/epi/mrsavref.htm

Levy, Stuart B.(1992) Antibiotic Paradox: How Miracle Drugs Are Destroying the Miracle. Plenum Press: New York.

Neuman, Karen. (1998) Transmission of Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus Among Family Members: a Case Study. Journal of Community Health Nursing.V 15.:1.

Tiwary, Devesh. (2003) Drug… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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