New Leaders of Iraq Term Paper

Pages: 4 (1493 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 4  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Government


[. . .] Question 2

What are the most important forces promoting and hindering democracy in the contemporary world? Choose 2-3 in both categories (aids and obstacles) and explain how they affect democracy. Focus on the causal mechanisms. Then tell me what the U.S. government and U.S. citizens can do to promote democracy around the world. Again, give 2-3 specific recommendations. Your recommendations should be related to the theories you discuss. In your conclusion tell me whether you think democracy will continue to spread or that more history awaits us. What factors do you think will prevail in the future?

The book The Global Resurgence of Democracy, by Larry Diamond and Marc F. Plattner was published in 1993 and thus focuses on the then-new Post-Cold War era's challenges of fostering democracy in formerly communist nations. One great aid to this fostering of democracy in Eastern Europe was the predominance of America's then quite positive world, public relations and the ubiquity of American popular as well as political culture. This important factor was combined with a second, important positive factor, namely the globalization of the national economy. This second factor of globalization was evidenced in China's teetering between totalitarianism and democracy during this time period, all the while it attempted to engage in capitalist expansion.Buy full Download Microsoft Word File paper
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Despite the positive perceptions of democratic culture, and the benefits of economic globalization through democracy, at the time, it was feared that the nations of Eastern Europe, because of the personal lack of initiative fostered by communism in their worker would not be able to make the shift from command to capitalist economies. However, because of the willingness of outside companies from democratic nations to take risks and invest in the infrastructure of these once-decaying nations, democracy of a kind took hold in many nations, if not all nations. Even China, while hardly a paragon of human rights, could not turn its back upon the world, as was feared after the pro-democracy demonstrations were quashed in the capital of Beijing in 1989, and the presence of American culture as well as China's global role remains strong.

Globalization and the desire for economic betterment fuels democratic development. However, as was also seen in the nations of Eastern Europe, and in today's fundamentalist struggles over Islam, nationalism and the fear of United States control stifles democratic development. Sovereignty, especially in nations without strong democratic traditions but which have been oppressed from outside, is extremely important, as are religious, national, and kinship ties that divert loyalty away from a national government. Thus the pushes towards democratic development may be tarred and feathered with the demonizing cast of 'westernization' as opposed to popular empowerment. There is a fear that becoming part of the global economy means becoming 'like' America and exploited by America. A second factor inhibiting democratic growth, as bluntly noted by Donald Horowitz (1993) is that the more ethnically and religiously divided a nation in terms of past values and history, the more difficult it will be to cohere into a unified nation under a pluralistic system of rule.

What then can America and Americans do to promote democracy? On one hand, America can do much -- American companies can stop utilizing workers from the developing world in exploitative ways, ways that tar and feather America's name and image on the world marketplace. American consumers can stop buying from exploitative companies. Americas can encourage international institutions such as the World Bank to help foster fragile democratic systems in economically fraught areas such as Latin America. But on the other hand, even while engaged in such efforts, America should be careful not to associate the value of democracy in general with America alone. America recognizes that there are many ways of governing a nation in a fair and free manner other than the American way. America must recognize that nations must come to grips with ethnic and religious divisions within their borders over the democratization process, in their own ways, in a way that the United States may not be able to understand, or relate to as a nation.

Works Cited

Diamond, Larry & Marc F. Plattner. The Global Resurgence of Democracy, by The Global Resurgence of Democracy. Baltimore: U. Of Johns Hopkins, 1993.

Horowitz, Donald L. "The Challenge of Ethnic Conflict." 2001.

Lijphart, Arend. Patterns of Democracy. New Haven: Yale University Press 1999.

Putnam, Robert D. "Bowling Alone: America's Declining Social Capital." In Diamond and Plattner, Editors. The… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "New Leaders of Iraq" Term Paper in a Bibliography:

APA Style

New Leaders of Iraq.  (2005, March 23).  Retrieved February 16, 2020, from

MLA Format

"New Leaders of Iraq."  23 March 2005.  Web.  16 February 2020. <>.

Chicago Style

"New Leaders of Iraq."  March 23, 2005.  Accessed February 16, 2020.