New Police Department Formation Capstone Project

Pages: 8 (3111 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 34  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Criminal Justice

For instance, in a famous 1966 novel called 'Justice without Trial', the writer Jerome Skolnick shows how clearance rates are doctored by the detectives who overlook many offences as negligible because of suspicious circumstances.

Skolnick interviewed one supervisor who says, 'Our department is very honest. The other departments which have great clearance rates are simply stacking the cards. The crime rate can be shown as low when a category named suspicious circumstance exists'. Apart from that, the research shows that detectives doctor the clearance rates to alter their own performances. If they make an arrest, they employ it to clear same crimes even in case when both crimes weren't related. Apart from that, the detectives weren't interested in cleared cases were convicted in courts. Their job was to make sure that clearance was done by hook or by crook.

Another critical measurement metric is response time, which is exploding with anomalies. The sole job of the police officer working in police department is to respond quickly to phone calls. But research and public response has indicated that, it's not always the case as police officers are often not receive a fast response. The police agencies are short of funding and unable to work out a new strategy for coping with their response time. Apply an alternate response strategy. The alternative responses are now known as 'differential police response (DPR) strategies. The implementation and development of DRP strategies is known to infiltrate in many American police agencies as new research indicates.

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The task of policing becomes difficult because there are all sorts of police agencies hard at work having diverse set of objectives (Maguire, 2002). Many attempts have been done in order to recognize some pattern similarity in all segments of police work. According to O' Neill, Needle and Galvin (1980), there are five rudimentary dimensions namely:

Crime prevention

Crime control

Conflict resolution

General service

Police administration

Capstone Project on New Police Department Formation Assignment

These five dimensions show a particular pattern for each agency while recognizing and quantifying their aims and objectives. ICMA and The Urban Institute also worked out a given set of bylaws which endeavors to measure the efficiency of multiple crime control policies (Harry et al., 1992). These are also consists a list of aims and objectives which includes:

Receptiveness of police

Crime prevention

Trepidation of offenders

Feeling safe

A service would entail being cooperative, helpful, fair, courtesy and trustworthiness. All of these individual features would be having their own traits and characteristics.

For all of these objectives, the practitioners and researchers will develop particular measures in order to examine the competency of the police agencies. Since the arrival of community policing in the 1980's, administrators and scholars have invented other measures of police efficacy too.

According to the community policing criteria, police functions breed due to collaboration with local community and taking decisions takes on a whole new meaning (Bayley, 1994). According to Moore (200), police need to further their goals a bit and reach beyond their capacity to contain these aims:

Standard of life in this modern era

Less fear

Crime prevention

Receptiveness of police

Anxiety of offenders

Feeling of safety


Being helpful/cooperative


Being fair

Apart from that, Mastrofski's (1999) has proposed 6 dimensions for community policing which includes the following:


Being attentive



Being fair

Being competent

For attaining these goals, the promoters of community policing emphasize that police forces should become more proactive, concentrated and community focused. Others have emphasized on living with the 'older professional model' on which police has thrived. Some changes are required in the crime fighting, regulations and corporate structure for that matter. This research has designatedMoore's seven dimensions and Mastrofski's six dimensions for this particular police department. These entail:

Moore's seven dimensions

Lessen criminal victimization is a fundamental priority. Lessen fear and increase human security is just as important. Offenders paying for their crime are only fair. Ensure security in public places is imperative. Guarantee safety in public spaces is important. Usage of monetary resources efficiently, fairly and professionally is important. Meeting customer's demands / attain legitimacy within those policed. Usage of force in a brilliant, fair and efficient manner is a necessity.

Mastrofski's six dimensions

Alertness is imperative. Dependability drives competency. Receptiveness creates trust. Equality bears justice. Manners creates professional environment. Competency drives results.

5. Organizational chart for the Department

6. Organizational Charts for various divisions

Detailed Budget

The amount of the budget was $30,000,000, which has been divided into three highlighted sects. These highlighted sects are; Personnel cost for the entire police department, Operational Expenses and Administrative Expenses.

The budget is allotted in a way that it monitors the performance and enhances the performance of each individual department. Similarly, personnel cost for the entire police department is constructed on many subdivided items, which includes salaries for the sworn employees and non-sworn employees. The department has also added benefit expenses to both sworn and non-sworn employees.

Allotted Budget salaries for the sworn employees are $16, 920, 00 excluding benefits for the sworn employees. The benefits are totaled as $592,000. Providing benefits to employees always help, as this is a motivational factor and they are public servants who work round the clock to keep citizens/public safe and guarded.

The budgeted salaries for the nonsworn employees are also allotted from public funds. These also come under personnel costs and the amount allotted to these personnel, including salary and benefits is totaled at $1,589,300. (Breakdown of the amount $1,589,300 is Salaries = $1, 536, 00 and Benefits = $53,300).

It should be noted that Personnel costs that are totaled is approximate of 63% of the total budget of the department. These prices do not include overtime expenses.

The second most important section of this budgeting is operating expenses. The operating budgets usually include the day-to-day, miscellaneous expenditures such as fuel, maintenance, weapons, etc. In this section all these expenses are outlined. Primarily the ministry included overtime cost that came up to $3,000,000. In a police Dept there is an extensive use of vehicles which operates with fuel, need maintenance sometimes, even replacements. Fuel has been calculated as $2.90 per liter that's a bulk rate and in a year, police vehicles of XYZ city require around 475,000 gallons of fuel which costs the ministry as $1,377,500. Maintenance vehicles and vehicle replacements cost $2,000,000. Weapons, uniforms per sworn employee, operation officers and animal control are totaled at $302,000. Weapon maintenance also costs the ministry which is budgeted at $40,000.

Ammunition, Ballistic vests, boat maintenance, dive team management, swat vehicles, bicycle, etc. are all included in this operating expense and the total operational cost including the figures mentioned above costs $8,251,300.

This budget report concludes with an administrative budget. Allotting budget for administration is vital to the department. The estimated receipts of administrative expense are $2,647,400. The administration statement shows separately, some disbursement charges such as training, budget, recruiting and travelling budget, citizen liaison budget, property or evidence budgets, etc. all these charges comes under administrative budget.

The significant amount allotted in the administrative section is for training which is no less than $150,000. Recruiting; and travelling costs the department $100,000; educational tuition assistance rounds up to $400,000. The other important division that needs high resources is computers or advanced technology costing $1,253,000. The Totaled amount including the entire existing amount mentioned under administrative section is $2,647,400.

Proposed Operating Budget for the XYX City Police Department

Budgeted Salaries for Sworn Employees:


Benefits for Sworn Employees:


Total Sworn Employees:


Budgeted Salaries for Non-Sworn Employees:


Benefits for Non-Sworn Employees:


Total Non-Sworn Employees:


Personnel Costs for Entire Police Department:


**Personnel costs are around sixty three percent of the entire Police Budget.

Operational Expenses

Overtime Costs:


Fuel Budget: 475,000 gallons of fuel x $2.90 bulk rate =


Patrol Vehicle Maintenance and Vehicle Replacement:


Weapons and/or Uniforms per sworn Officer,

Operations Officer and Animal Control:


Weapons Maintenance/Replacement:




Ballistic Vests/Tactical Vests: (296x$800)


Boat Maintenance/Replacement/Equipment:


Dive Team Equipment:


SWAT Armored Vehicle/Maintenance


Bicycle Patrol Bikes/Supplies:


Beach Patrol ATV's/Jet Ski's:


K-9 Vehicle Modifications/Dog Maintenance:


Extraditions (Travel/Car Rental/Lodging etc.:


Forensics Supplies:


Officer Miscellaneous-(ink pads, traffic vests, etc.):


Miscellaneous Expenses:


Total Operations:


Administrative Expenses

Office Supplies $30,000 per Bureau:


Office Supplies Chiefs Office:




Training Budget:




Citizen Liaison/Citizen Training:




Educational Tuition Assistance:


Organization Membership Fees:


Building Utility Bills:


Facilities Modification/Maintenance:




Technology Maintenance Agreements:


Software Licensing:




Total Administrative:


Total Budget:



Bayley, DH (1994). Police for the future. New York: Oxford University Press.

Hatry, H.P., Blair, L.H, Fisk, D.M., Greiner, J.M., Hall, J.R. Jr., and Schaenman, P.S. (1992). How effective are your community services? Procedures for measuring their quality (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: Urban Institute and International City/County Management Association.

Kelling, G.L. (1992). Measuring what matters: A new way of thinking about crime and public order. The City Journal,… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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APA Style

New Police Department Formation.  (2014, May 28).  Retrieved October 1, 2020, from

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"New Police Department Formation."  May 28, 2014.  Accessed October 1, 2020.