Term Paper: New York City: An Examination

Pages: 6 (1683 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 1+  ·  Level: College Junior  ·  Topic: Urban Studies  ·  Buy This Paper

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] Community is situated above public administration and lying between the two of these is that of placemaking and place management. The placemaking governance model is characterized by the following: (1) leadership at all levels; (2) leaders and facilitators, educators and inspirations; (3) goals that are broad; (4) a process that is agile; (5) shared vision; (6) political capital; (7) bold change; (8) taking risks; (9) lighter, quicker, cheaper; and (10) building partners and capacity. (Kent, 2013, p.1) The placemaking governance structural model is shown in the following illustration.

Figure 2

Source: (Kent, 2013, p.1)

The phases involved in the developmental evolution of placemaking governance are shown in the following illustration.

Figure 3

Source: (Kent, 2013, p.1)

When power and responsibility are shifted to the community for governance the models, which emerge, are reported to be of a more dynamic nature and to involved community relationship and partnership networking inclusive of skill diversification and adaptability support. Placemaking governance enables spaces to evolve much easier and to adapt upon the basis of the participants who are involved in the governance initiative. The result of placemaking governance is that place-led governance is reported to be "more authentic and culturally vibrant" and it is also more open to culture. Moreover, placemaking governance in the form of self-managed spaces "invite and challenge existing and new participants to raise their behavior to contribute to the shared experience. Existing members have less fear of the negative impacts of gentrification as new people and investment are attracted only towards supporting the existing community's vision of itself. And emerging places are not defined by their design or infrastructure, given to, and consumed by citizens, but by their locally defined uses and values." (Kent, 2013, p.1)

Summary and Conclusion

New York City was found lacking in its public sphere in terms of the infrastructure necessary for effective governance however, this lack has been identified, and there are solutions to the problems experienced by New York City such as the placmaking governance model presented in this study.

Works Cited

Kent, Ethan (2013) Toward Place Governance: What If We Reinvented Civic Infrastructure Around Placemaking?

Lynch, Kevin (1960): the Image of the City. Massachusetts New York City (2013) Britannica Encyclopedia. Retrieved from: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/412352/New-York-City/215659/Manhattan

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