Non Profit Management Term Paper

Pages: 12 (3002 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 4  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Doctorate  ·  Topic: Business - Management

Non Profit Management

The purpose of this project is to determine how the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) is addressing the underlying challenges facing all non-profits. As the organization, has become successful in supporting various biomedical research initiatives and programs. To determine how they are achieving these different goals we will examine a number of different elements that will highlight what makes it so successful to include: the role the mission / governance, how they are addressing diversity, the importance of ethics in strategic planning and the best practices to support effective leadership. These different elements are important, because they will show how HHMI is able to effectively achieve their objectives by addressing key issues that are essential for all non-profits. At which point, these different ideas can be utilized in other organizations to achieve their objectives.


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The study will provide detailed insights, as to the overall challenges that are facing various nonprofit organizations. As many different entities will often run into similar kinds of challenges; affecting their ability to achieve their objectives. HHMI is a model for how a nonprofit can adapt to these changes, by using a number of different principals that improves its ability to achieve its objectives. To include: it analyzes the strategic planning process, the impact of the mission / goals / governance / leadership, how strategic planning methods are applied, how to maximize the effectiveness of the nonprofit in achieving its objectives and how ethical decision making is affecting all organizations. These different elements are important, because they will serve as blue print in how non-profits can be able to improve their performance, by taking the above mentioned goals into account. Once this takes place, it will provide the greatest insights as to how non-profits must always have these different elements included, as a part of their organizational strategy.

Components for HHMI Analysis

Term Paper on Non Profit Management the Purpose of This Assignment

To achieve the above objectives, we must analyze the how HHMI is able to effectively accomplish its organizational mission and goals. When you analyze the strategic planning process it is clear that HHMI, is effective at achieving its mission because it streamlines the funding the process. A good example of this can be seen with Doug Melton of Harvard University. As he was able to continue with his stem cell research project, because HHMI provided him with the funding necessary (when there was a government ban in place). (Leung, 2004) This improves their ability to reach out scientists, by addressing a critical need that many are facing. At which point, researchers can improve the quality of their work by concentrating on medical breakthroughs vs. worrying about funding. Evidence of this can be seen with how HHMI has sponsored a number of different programs to include: ground break research in understanding spinal cord injuries, HIV / AIDS and leukemia. (Leung, 2004) Part of the reason why HHMI is so successful, is because they take into account the ethical principles of helping as many people as possible. As the trustees and executives will set the tone for the organization itself, with their underlying ethics that they are exercising affecting decisions that are being made. This is important, because it helps HHMI to promote diversity and adapt to the various challenges that they are facing through ethical leadership. As this will have ripple effects in the organization, by instilling a culture of passion and going the extra mile for the nonprofit. The strategic planning, assessment and strategy of the organization are: to give researchers greater amounts of flexibility and help to improve the learning curve for understanding how this can address different ailments (affecting millions of people around the world). This is different from most non-profits, where they will often take a more rigid or bureaucratic structure when achieving their various objectives. When you put these different elements together, they are highlighting how HHMI is successful at achieving their goals through: effective leadership, good strategic planning and diversity / ethics. As a result, one could argue that these factors are the keys for the tremendous amount of successes that HHMI has been experiencing.

Recommendations for Future Research and Policy

Possible gaps that were identified in the research are: applying these ideas to other non-profits and maintaining the new culture inside these organizations. Applying the ideas from HHMI to other organizations could be challenging, as many may be resistant to such changes and there could be certain elements that may not fit well within the organization itself. This is problematic, because it could affect their ability to achieve different objectives. In this case, future research would need to examine how change can be implemented at a nonprofit organization.

Maintaining the culture inside these organizations can be challenging, as the new changes could fool everyone into thinking that they are doing the most they possibly can. This is troubling, because in order for any entity to be successful there must be a desire from the staff, to improve upon the organizational objectives. When a nonprofit begins to experience success is the point that they face the possibility of being satisfied. Once this takes place, it can cause many new and former bureaucratic structures to emerge. At which point, the odds increase that the changes will only be temporary, as the staff will revert back to previous attitudes, augmented with the false belief that they are doing everything right. In future research, it is important to understand the different tools and tactics that organizations such as: HHMI use to build a foundation of innovation and passion.

Over the years, there have been a host of different reasons why nonprofit organizations are started. Where, some originally began, based upon the vision and personality of the founder, as these are the core principles for the organization. In the case of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), such a situation would occur with this organization and its founder (Howard Hughes). As it would mirror the personality of the reclusive billionaire; with the organization originally being started to his protect personal fortune (while he was having an ongoing dispute with U.S. government). It all started in 1953, when Howard had successfully fought off a Congressional investigation into his personal and business affairs (surrounding his company Hughes Aircraft during World War II). Despite the feelings animosity, his company would continue to work actively with Air Force on a number of different projects; including the guidance systems that are used in: rockets, missiles and planes. Fearing that Hughes would have to much influence over the Air Force, they gave him an ultimatum: to place someone of their choosing in charge of his company or lose all government contracts. Concerned about another having to go through a similar process with the government (from the previous incident), Howard would establish HHMI as way to protect his company and his personal fortune. Where, he would transfer all his assets to the nonprofit and then refuse to comply with government demands. At the same time, he would disappear to the Bahamas until his death in 1976. At which point, a lengthy court battle would ensue with the IRS claiming that HHMI is nothing more than front that Howard Hughes created (in an effort to evade American laws). The court ruled that HHMI was a legitimate charity and that it should be allowed to continue to function, in spite of the death of its founder. This is significant, because this event would help to establish one of the largest nonprofit organizations, supporting a host of medical research projects. ("Developing New Knowledge" 2010) (Leung, 2004)

The Mission and Vision of HHMI

The Howard Hughes Medical Institute was established in 1953. The objectives are: to provide private funding and assistance, to those individuals who are working, in developing cures for a host of medical conditions. Where, HHMI can provide direct funding and the facilities for researchers to conduct their projects. Evidence of this can be seen by looking no further than the different programs that they offer to include: supporting HHMI investigators, collaborative innovation awards, identifying promising scientists that are in the early stages of their career, access to the Janelia Research Campus, international TB / HIV initiatives and grants for science education. When you look at how HHMI supports various investigators, this objective is accomplished by the organization, providing the resources that they need to be successful. This approach has proven to be lucrative, as the organization has 350 investigators that they are working with. This includes: 11 Nobel Prize winners and 141 members of the National Academy of Sciences. The collaborative innovative awards are where HHMI scientists can partner with other researchers outside of the program. Identifying promising young scientists is when HHMI, will seek out the best and brightest researchers, by offering them generous funding / support for their projects over six years. The Janelia Research Campus is where scientists from around the world can come together and collaborate on a number of different projects. Various efforts to irradiate TB and HIV have been taking place… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "Non Profit Management" Term Paper in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Non Profit Management.  (2010, October 23).  Retrieved October 29, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Non Profit Management."  23 October 2010.  Web.  29 October 2020. <>.

Chicago Style

"Non Profit Management."  October 23, 2010.  Accessed October 29, 2020.