Non-Profit Organization Has Transformed in Essay

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[. . .] We find that a number of factors may reverse the prediction that an increase in a donor's contribution causes those of others to decrease. In particular, the prediction is sensitive to social norms, the extent to which we may interact with the donors again, the characteristics of the nonprofits' output, the benefits from the giving, the uncertainty regarding the quality of the charity, and the status of the contributors, " (p.573).

A Public's Perspective of the Choices

Option 1 while still overall deficient in comparison to option 2, appears to resonate more strongly with the quality of citizen participation and public perception. As stated before, a combination of both options is preferred in the larger scheme of things but Option 1 does not meet the overall superiority of needed qualities unlike Option 2. In this case however, the public does indeed benefit greatly from participating in their own liberation and contributing to their own battles in an direct and connected manner.

Citizen participation may be defined in several different manners, such as paying taxes and obeying laws. Voluntary participation that transcends the normal duties of a citizen create a sense of community and environment within the environment that has concrete and practical benefit that can have the desired effect of impacting the community as a whole. By involving the community in the budgeting process of this organization, this sense of togetherness can be amplified greater than in the context of Option 2.

Ebdon & Franklin (2006) suggested that although the investigation of this practice is virtually non-existent in any specific or targeted format, there are benefits to creating models that investigate the relationship between citizen and their participation in nonprofit organizations. They wrote " participation can be very useful in educating the public about key trade-offs and gaining valuable input from citizens about their priorities and preferences. Working with them to make these connections encourages citizens to participate in a more knowledgeable fashion rather than simply demand that their fire station or library remain open without tax increases or service cuts, " (p. 444).

Option 2 is still preferable because the public's overall view of government, philanthropy and nonprofit organizations is one of giving and distributing. The very act of doing nothing in to contributing towards a cause or directive creates a level of dependence on those factions and has the power to weaken the individual's view of his or her own self-reliance.

There is a critical balance that needs to be achieved when integrating the needs of the public and the ability of nonprofit organizations and other public organizations. If there is not enough oversight and involvement by these sources, a dearth of economic and vital growth may be experienced. However micromanaging the populace into compliance is much like coercion and is not preferred unless a last result.

The nature of this nonprofit organization, does not dictate such micromanagement and seeks to make this solution as simple as possible with as few moving parts and pieces as possible. Option 2 is preferable because the attitudes and input of the community at large is not an effective use of this organization's resources and should not undertake such a complex and resource draining task as involving the general public in the fundraising efforts.

While this approach can be used to supplement Option 2's more direct marketing approach to targeted, high value donor, citizen participation may not be worth the large effort in the long run. Irvin & Stansbury (2004) agreed with this approach as they suggested citizen participation may be ineffective and wasteful compared to traditional, top-down decision making under certain conditions. One such indicator of this inefficiency is that the public does not recognize the issue under consideration as a problem, nor are potential competing policy alternative familiar to the public.

Ethical Considerations

The National Council of Nonprofits offered substantial information regarding the ethics of fundraising and how, within the nonprofit model, an objectively ethical stance may be taken by organization wishing to do so. The creed of this ethical stance is written as "Philanthropy is based on voluntary action for the common good. It is a tradition of giving and sharing that is primary to the quality of life. To ensure that philanthropy merits the respect and trust of the general public, and that donors and prospective donors can have full confidence in the nonprofit organizations and causes they are asked to support, we declare that all donors have certain rights." The rights highlighted by this organization include such items as donors having access to the financial statements and that they are properly informed of the organization's mission and the identity of those serving on the organization's board.

The aforementioned reference of ethics is extremely applicable, in this, and just about every other nonprofit organizations approach to business. More importantly, is that the specific ethical approach of this organization is laid out within the larger framework of the company and that the actions of any department or individual reflect of larger organization ethos that reflects the objectives and goals laid out by the leadership of that organization.

Ethics are not morals and the approach of either Option 1 or Option 2 could possess certain moral objections from certain sects of society. Option 2 is more ethically sound than option 1 due to the nature of the event and the ability to be honest and upfront about our efforts. By reaching out to those who we are aiming to help in subscribing to Option 1, we tend to just pass the ethical barriers of this problem rather than set a clear and well defined ethical example for others to follow. Ethics pertains to leadership and establishing the desired circumstances in a targeted society or organization. Option 2 provides a greater capability in this regard.

Summary

In the absence of having the choice of using both Option 1 and Option 2 within this decision requires the Budget Office to recommend Option 2 as a preferable means to raise funds for the organization. The simplicity and net benefits reaped from using the approach in Option 2 provides a better environment to foster success and realize the collective objective laid out in the organizational strategy.

While option 2 has been tailored to be used in this example, what is most important is the alignment of operational tasks with that of the overall strategic outlook of the nonprofit organization. When considering the different budgetary, public and ethical considerations of the efforts represented by the organization, it becomes clear that Option 2 provides this agreement between strategy and operational content. Ultimately any approach may work if properly administered to the facts of the case and the specifics of the situation. But it must remain paramount to realize the role of public or nonprofit organizations within society to better appreciate how to manage, understand and eventually utilize the services that these organizations provide for their communities.

Question 2

Introduction

Pubic interest is a vague and indiscriminate term that suggests that there is an objectively correct answer to every problem that is presented in the public domain. The actions of one group of people cannot be completely isolated and removed from those within another region or area without great effort of an intent to be ignorant. This apparent zero sum formula places extraordinary pressure on civic and political leaders whose every move can be explained in negative or harmful terms.

To help explain and eventually offer solutions to this problem, this essay will examine this example to identify ways in which these challenges may be successfully negotiated. The purpose of this essay is to evaluate the political, social and ethical implications of a legislative decision that was made within my locale. The essay assumes that I myself had authored this piece of legislation and will provide explanations for the content and results of the political actions that have resulted from this decision.

To make this writing clear, this essay will first give background information on the case and provide key definitions and explanations for the action. The decision will then be evaluated, compared and contrasted to help bring out new points, ideas and theories that may be applicable in this particular situation. This essay will then introduce substantial arguments both defending and attacking the actions described before concluding on how to lessen the effects of the problems discovered in this exercise more tolerable, manageable and easier to understand.

Background Information

This writing assumes the premise that this author recently authored a piece of legislation that was designed to protect the environment from dangerous materials. Specifically, when this legislation was signed into effect, a new law was ushered in requiring the recycling of electronic waste to protect the environment. This new legislative action has in turn caused other problems with the environment and does not appear to have addressed the environmental issues that the law was supposed to fix. It has been discovered that the recycling of… [END OF PREVIEW]

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