Non-Verbal Communication Since Time Immemorial Research Paper

Pages: 9 (2897 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 8  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Communication

Non-Verbal Communication

Communication since time immemorial has remained one of the most substantial and crucial process on a constant basis that refers to transferring of the information from one person to another. Indeed, people communicate with each other so that they can understand the meaning and information that the other person is trying to commune (Shepherd & Rothenbuhler 2000).

Since communication is a widespread phenomenon, thus, it is divided into several forms and means through which people can easily converse with each other. However, with the advancements and innovations that the world and its entire populace have experienced, has changed and modified the modes and means of communications through the years (Shepherd & Rothenbuhler 2000).

In this regard, Merriam-Webster defines the phenomenon of communication as 'process by which information is exchanged between individuals through a common system of symbols, signs, or behavior (the function of pheromones in insect communication); also: exchange of information' (pp. 251). In other words, the information that is shared or transmitted by the sender must be carried out in such a way that the receiver can understand the essence of the information exchanged without any difficulty (Shepherd & Rothenbuhler 2000).

Successful relationships whether on personal or professional grounds are profoundly dependent upon how the process of communication takes place. Considering the types of communication, verbal communication and non-verbal communication are two of the significant modes through which an individual can transmit the information. Verbal communication is the method of information transfer that involves words and language. These are few of the essential elements that are generally associated with verbal communication (Shepherd & Rothenbuhler 2000).

On the other side, non-verbal communication is an imperative as well as a fundamental form of communication. Messages communicated and expressed in non-verbal communication normally involve facial expressions, body movements, gestures, eye contact, tone and pitch of voice, touch, and physical space. It is also prudent to note that people use non-verbal communication elements in printed contents as well for instance, handwriting style, arrangement of words, page physical layout and various others (Krueger 2008).

The postures or body movements measures a variety of aspects within the non-verbal communication such as the level of interest, concentration, involvement and liking of a person towards the other person and his communication. While the gestures that represent the conventional forms of the non-verbal communication can be indicated by the hands, arms, and body. Besides, the movement of head, face and eyes also contribute to the gestures of the person in the non-verbal communication (Krueger 2008).

Gestures and facial expressions as a general rule are used as a substitute and alternative method instead of words for greetings and expression of universal emotions such as happiness, sadness, anger, panic, hatred, interest and so forth. However, one should not ignore or overlook the fact that a particular symbolic gesture can be of dissimilar meaning or significance for different cultures that can differ from being admiring or praising to highly unpleasant or insulting (Krueger 2008).

Similarly, clothing and attire is another common form that plays a critical role in non-verbal communication. The clothing typically reflects and demonstrates the background, personality, financial status, culture, confidence level, interest, values, beliefs and various other aspects of an individual. This also denotes that if an individual represents positive attitude and characteristics through his attire, it is likely to make other's believe that he is confident on his talent and capabilities (Krueger 2008).

The physical space between two or more people is also an essential aspect in the non-verbal communication. The understanding and interpretation of the communicated message is deeply influenced and affected by the psychical space available when the message is being transferred between the parties. Nevertheless, it is imperative to mark that the utilization of space during the conversation also differs across cultures to an extensive degree (Krueger 2008).

Taking into consideration both the aspects of communication, that is verbal and non-verbal communication, it has come under notice that even though both the forms of communication have quite a few differences, yet they are complementary to one other. Nevertheless, both forms of communication vary and contrast in the ways of expression between genders and across different cultures to a great extent (Ivey, Ivey & Zalaquett 2009).

Pertaining to the subject matter, studies have revealed the piece of information that more than sixty five percent of the communication between groups of people constitutes to the non-verbal communication and verbal communication makes up only a small proportion of the entire exchange of words and information (Ivey, Ivey & Zalaquett 2009).

The major difference between both the styles of expression states that verbal communication particularly makes use of words while non-verbal communication is a process that does not use words, instead it uses various other forms during conversation. It has also been observed that a person can openly and informally communicate with a person or group of people, as it is not the case in verbal communication in general practice since it is more formal engagement of words (West & Turner 2010).

The use of verbal communication is more limited as the business world and professionals are the most frequent people using the verbal communication as a medium to convey specific information. However, the non-verbal communication is used in a more extensive manner and people in their everyday lives, personal relationships and in other arenas practice the non-verbal communication due to its quality of openness. This is also due to the reason that non-verbal communication is more instant and direct that can even communicate the emotions and feelings in a much more effective way than words (West & Turner 2010).

Since non-verbal communication principally involves face-to-face communication, therefore, it helps the individual to formulate a strong and enhanced relationships that can be based on various aspects of body language, however, this is very difficult and complicated in verbal communication, as the people might not be physically present, so the element of strong emotional attachment or true feelings cannot be seen or felt (West & Turner 2010).

Verbal communication has also developed an image of being more effective in contrast to verbal communication due to the reason that it has the capability to explicitly manage, control and regulate the interaction amongst the group of people in the process of exchange of words and information. Moreover, the management of interaction also helps the participants to openly convey messages of affection, fondness, friendliness, admiration, respect, and so on that can help build, flourish and foster, relationships (Ivey, Ivey & Zalaquett 2009).

The benefit of non-verbal communication is not only restricted to personal communication or relationships but is also an effective method in many aspects of the professional lives. The way non-verbal communication and body language helps the person build, cultivate and thrive personal and parental relationships, in a very similar manner, it is effectively and extensively used at many instances in the professional lives that include job interviews. If an individual makes appropriate use of non-verbal communication, like proper dressing with shoes, adequate fragrance and other non-verbal signals, the individual would create a good impression before the commencement of the interview, which definitely would prove to be fruitful (Ivey, Ivey & Zalaquett 2009).

While analyzing the differences between verbal and non-verbal communication, it can clearly by declared that non-verbal communication has provided enough evidences of being more effective and fruitful during the course of communication and transfer or sharing of knowledge or information (West & Turner 2010).

Non-verbal communication is all about how (how is simply the expression of your words) you speak and converse which makes the difference from the words that are spoken. People not only listen to what is being said, instead more attention is paid to how it is being communicated, which means that the people read the tone, pace, pitch of speaker's voice and the variations of the words that is said (West & Turner 2010).

The facial expressions is capable of communicating thousands of different and distinct expressions through controlling the muscles of various body parts such as mouth, eyes, nose and forehead. Due to this quality of versatility of expression without making use of a single word, facial expressions make non-verbal communication the most efficient and honest on a broad spectrum (Calero 2005).

The exchange of words in a general communication does not necessarily require words and language. Considering the example of a smile on a universal basis, every individual is aware of the message that is conveyed by a small smile. This demonstrates that non-verbal communication is not confined to language, as it depicts a welcoming and friendly approach to include someone in the conversation process. Quite conversely, the language can become a barrier in the verbal communication process when linguistically diverse people get involved in a general communication (Calero 2005).

From the records, it has also come to notice that when two or more people correspond with each other and share or transfer the information, the individuals make use of several senses at the same time in order to absorb… [END OF PREVIEW]

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