Nursing Preceptors Speak Out Article Critique

Pages: 4 (1340 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 8  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Nursing

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] Tables were provided and were appropriate.

Article Critique and Analysis of “Nursing Preceptors Speak Out”

Findings were summarized and explained data presented in tables and figures. The discussion provided a brief interpretation of the findings; limitations were discussed, but external validity was not addressed. The study probably should have been qualitative as it leaned more towards being exploratory anyway.

Strengths and Weaknesses

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The strengths of the study are numerous: 1) the design is appropriate to the purpose of the study; 2) the study identified its own limitations and cited them as areas for further review; 3) the methodology was clearly stated and indicated that both validity and reliability could characterize the study; 4) a pilot questionnaire was used to verify that the researcher’s questions would measure what they intended to measure; and 5) the findings were discussed thoroughly and related back to the main problem.

Article Critique on Nursing Preceptors Speak Out Assignment

The main weakness of the study is that it did not address the issue of self-reported data as a potential problem for validity or for underreporting in studies where surveys or questionnaires are used, as Auty, Farrington and Coid (2015) and Gemming, Jiang, Swinburn, Utter and Mhurchu (2014) have pointed out can be a problem. Also, it did not include a conceptual framework, which is something that can be helpful for showing how the researcher is approaching the subject in the first place (Heink & Jax, 2019). The secondary weakness of the study is that it does not provide enough exploratory research but rather only provides a narrow window into the problem—the study could have benefited from a mixed-methods approach, which is best used when qualitative and quantitative data can be combined relatively easily (Johnson & Onwuegbuzie, 2004). The limitations of the study are that it focuses wholly on the preceptors’ experience and shows no data from the student side of the problem; it relies almost exclusively on quantitative data; and it did not address geography as a factor in shaping preceptor views, which suggests the study may not be as reliable or valid as first assumed. As Yin (2018) notes, it is always important to use multiple sources of data. Likewise, obtaining data from multiple groups, populations or samples gives the opportunity for greater depth in terms of research and findings and the chance to broaden the application of the findings and enhance the study’s external validity (Saunders, Lewis & Thornhill, 2015).

Modifications

Ideas for future studies would be to obtain qualitative data to deepen the understanding of the problem; control for more variables (such as whether preceptors are in urban or rural settings, demographics, etc.); and include multiple sources of data—i.e., students, patients, nursing managers and so on.

References
  1. Auty, K. M., Farrington, D. P., & Coid, J. W. (2015). The validity of self-reported convictions in a community sample: Findings from the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development. European Journal of Criminology, 12(5), 562-580.
  2. Gemming, L., Jiang, Y., Swinburn, B., Utter, J., & Mhurchu, C. N. (2014). Under-reporting remains a key limitation of self-reported dietary intake: an analysis of the 2008/09 New Zealand Adult Nutrition Survey. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 68(2), 259.
  3. Heink, U., & Jax, K. (2019). Going Upstream—How the Purpose of a Conceptual Framework for Ecosystem Services Determines Its Structure. Ecological Economics, 156, 264-271.
  4. Johnson, R. B., & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (2004). Mixed methods research: A research paradigm whose time has come. Educational Researcher, 33(7), 14–26.
  5. Kalischuk, R. G., Vandenberg, H., & Awosoga, O. (2013). Nursing preceptors speak out: an empirical study. Journal of Professional Nursing, 29(1), 30-38.
  6. Saunders, M. N. K., Lewis, P., & Thornhill, A. (2015). Research methods for business students (7th ed.). Essex, England: Pearson Education Unlimited.
  7. Vrijhoef, H. J. M., & Steuten, L. M. G. (2007). How to write an abstract. European Diabetes Nursing, 4(3), 124-127.
  8. Yin, R. K. (2018). Case study research and applications: Design and methods (6th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA:… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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"Nursing Preceptors Speak Out."  Essaytown.com.  October 21, 2018.  Accessed February 20, 2020.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/nursing-preceptors-views/2684810.