Obesity Based on Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Factors Article Critique

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¶ … Obesity Based on Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Factors

The article in the American Journal of Public Health addressed the obesity epidemic in the United States. The specific research design sought to link socioeconomic position (SEP) with adult body mass index (BMI) -- that is, is a child from a lower SEP more apt to become obese later in life, and is there an empirical relationship between the two factors? And is there a racial / ethnic component involved? Do the children of African-American parents with low socioeconomic status become obese at rates higher than say, Latinos or whites?

Study Design / Problem or Objective / Literature Review: The study design in this paper was preceded by a series of references to "other studies" that tends to leave the reader confused, and wondering which of the criteria used by other studies made sense in the end. Indeed, when examining the various studies that Trotter, et al., reference, there seemed to be no agreement as to which socioeconomic components to use and which of the socioeconomic mattered at the conclusion of that particular research. The authors seem to have set the reader up to expect that the results will not be conclusive no matter which formula is used. At least that is the impression at the beginning of the article.Get full Download Microsoft Word File access
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Article Critique on Obesity Based on Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Factors Assignment

For example, in the discussion of the Braveman research (p. 1088), Trotter writes that Braveman's research reflects the "differential impact of single-item SEP" when deciding which SEP measures (income, occupation or income) fit the results. In ten of twenty-three health indicators that were investigated there were "different conclusions reached" depending on what they defined socioeconomic measures via education or income. In "other studies" that the authors reference on page 1088 (last column) the use of descriptive language like "SEP measures should reflect the multifactorial pathways of causation as much as possible" do not contribute to the clarity of what was learned through this particular study. On page 1089, the authors continue to try to explain the variables within the concept of SEP, but seem to be contributing to the vagueness instead. Efforts to relate accurately to the "independent role of childhood SEP" should, the authors suggest, "be fully attuned to the complexity inherent in the definition and use of socioeconomic measures" (Trotter, p. 1089). Exactly what does that mean? In other words, the use of socioeconomic measures is not to be relied upon because those measures cannot be pinned down?

Population sampling for study: There are some concerns that should be expressed as to the population the researchers sampled. The paper indicates that 2,068 adults from Los Angeles County were used in the sample. There is no explanation from the authors as to why they chose the city of Los Angeles. However on page 1092, the authors raised questions about their decision to focus on Los Angeles, but it is… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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Obesity Based on Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Factors.  (2010, December 30).  Retrieved March 1, 2021, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/obesity-based-ethnicity-socioeconomic/645087

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"Obesity Based on Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Factors."  Essaytown.com.  December 30, 2010.  Accessed March 1, 2021.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/obesity-based-ethnicity-socioeconomic/645087.