Occupational Exposure of Police Officers Term Paper

Pages: 9 (2637 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 8  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Transportation

The largest study of the traffic radar unit exposures has been conducted by Fisher (17) who measured almost 5000 radar units.

Occupational Exposure of Police Officers to Microwave Radiation from Traffic

Radar Devices: (http://infoventures.com/EMF/FEDERAL/NIOSH/POLICE/pl-rdr5.html)

There has been a study of Police Officers' exposures to microwave emitted by the traffic radar units, which states that the measurements were taken at approximately ocular and testicular levels of officers seated in their patrol vehicles. Comparisons have been made of the radar manufacturers, which has been published in the maximum power density specifications. The study stipulates that the four speed enforcement agencies and one transportation research institute provided 54 radar units for speculation, almost 17 different models comprising of frequency brands, including 3 antenna configurations. The four high measurements were maximum power density readings taken directly in front of the radar. Out of 812 measurements taken from the officers seat with ocular and testicular positions, none of them exceeded 0.04m W/cm2. Whereas, the highest of these (0.034 m W/cm2) was even less then 1% of the most conservative current safety standards. High exposure in the limited region directly in front of the radar aperture can easily be eluded with proper training.

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Results of all these studies specify that the police officers exposure to microwave radiation is apparently minimal. Whereas there has been uncertainties in the medical and scientific communities, which concerns the nonionizing radiation, recommended by law enforcement agencies. They implement a policy of prudent avoidance, including purchasing units with the lowest published maximum power densities. As they purchase dash/rear deck mounted units with the antennas mounted outside the patrol vehicle, they also train the police officers to use the stand by" mode when they are not using radar. (Microwave emissions from police radar; (http://www.electric-words.com/cell/abstracts/fi73499.html).

Term Paper on Occupational Exposure of Police Officers Assignment

A few cancer incidents indicate law enforcement officers who had often used the radar devices. These agencies do not record the use of traffic radar frequently, which surrogates for exposure like the citation records that are normally sought reconstruct past radar use. The feasibility of Epidemiological Study of Cancer and use of Radar guns, revealed several problems in conducting the study for testicular and radar exposure. At first the low incidence rate of the disease used to necessitate the pooling of data from many state police departments to detect an association between testicular cancer and radar use. Such problems limited the ability to conduct a successful and scientifically valid epidemiological study of radar gun use and the risk of cancer. To emit, radiation should not be placed with the radiation antenna pointed towards the body and the radar beam should not be directed towards the people in the vehicle. The antenna at all times, must be directed away from radiation leakage, to avoid the health risk of exposure to microwave radiation. Numerous amounts of paper have identified that the police officers are at a greater risk for a number of adverse health outcomes in comparison to the general public. Excess risks have been observed, mostly leading to premature death, specially from cardiovascular disease homicide, suicide and many types of cancers. There are a few recommendations to reduce the vast exposure, of the low affects of the microwave radiation,

Hand held devices must be equipped with a switch, requiring active contact to emit radiation,

Older hand held devices that do not have a 'dead man switch' should not be placed with the radiating antenna pointed towards the body, whether its held in the hand or placed near the officer,

While using two piece radar units, antenna should be mounted so that radar beam is not directed towards vehicle occupants.

Three characteristics of the testicular cancer are particularly relevant to conducting epidemiological study of the police officers. In contrast to the lack of national registry of newly diagnosed cancers, there is a well developed registry of all the occurrence of death that exists in the United States. Epidemiologists sometimes use the mortality as a surrogate for occurrence of disease, incase the disease is in question has a high case fatality rate, which normally occurs in most cancers. Whereas if the disease is not generally fatal, like in the testicular cancer, there are a number of deaths available to study from and make it necessary for a large cohort of exposed people, which supplies them with enough cases of death, which's reliable for statistical judgement. Nearly 200,000 people are a risk of developing testicular cancer.

A single police department won't be able to provide with a 10,000 officers for who hold the experience of traffic radar since the 1970s. Further evaluation revealed the names of the selected states, all with tumor registry, while they also provided with a representative sample of different work practices of state police departments in the history of traffic radar use. Data highlights deaths from testicular, skin, eye, brain and hematopoietic.

Police radars have become a constant use with the growing technology, to make work easier for the officers, as they need to keep track of the general public and crimes that takes them on an extensive search. They have to use devices with radiation heat which is injurious towards their health factor. While they are out serving the public, ignorant the dangers prevailing their health, there should be public issues to make them aware to take certain precautions while they are exposed to the microwave radiation. Even the traffic radar devices have proved and shown signs of danger, some of which can lead to memory failure, spatial disorientation, painful or burning feelings in the eyes, irregular heartbeat, fatigue and exhaustion, light sensitivity and many more minor, yet vital affects. There are other a number of devices introduced for their benefit which could be measured, yet there are precautions to be taken when the device is directed towards the body or someone else's body, as a close range radar contact can prove to be dangerous for the long run.

Works Cited

Frequency of a Police Radar Gun; Available at http://hypertextbook.com/facts/2000/MaxLipkin.shtml

Occupational Exposure for Police Officers to Microwave Radiation from Traffic

Radar Devices, Background, Available at http://infoventures.com/EMF/FEDERAL/NIOSH/POLICE/pl-rdr5.html

Microwave and Radiofrequency Radiation Exposure; A Growing Environmental

Health Crisis, 15th (Oct 2002),

Sage, Cindy, San Francisco Medicine, A journal of the San Francisco Medical (Society, Sage Associates, March 2001) Available at http://www.grn.es/electropolucio/omega42.htm

EMF Health Effects Research, Microwave Emissions from Police Radars, 1999 Available at (http://www.electric-words.com/cell/abstracts/fi73499.html)

P.A.R.A.L Available at: http://www.paral.org/osha.htm [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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