Questionnaire: Old Age

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[. . .] 232).

A2) It was not an experiment in the strictest sense because it lacked a control group and did not make any real demands of the participants or affect their behavior and life activities beyond filling out some surveys.

B) The younger group received more unsolicited advice than the middle aged and older groups, with 55% reporting that one or more of the 35 situations had happened to them, compared to 48% of the middle aged and 34% of the older adults (p. 233).

C1) I would have expected older adults living alone to receive less unwanted advice and to have less contact and communication of any kind. They would also be more careful and selective in the social interactions, and to minimize and ignore unwanted advice. I am also not surprised that young adults are very assertive in rejecting such unwanted offers, or that all groups would find unwanted offers about finance, life management unpleasant. This seems like common sense to me, as does the fact that spouses and close relatives will always have more of in influence than friends or strangers.

C2) I also would have expected the older adults to have received more unsolicited advice from younger people than any other groups, particularly about sensitive issues, and that they would have found this more unwelcome than any other age group. More studies certainly should be done to prove or disprove this result (p. 240).

A) The participants reported receiving more unwanted advice about everyday cognition, competence and health than with finance or life management (p. 233), and 80% of the situations were perceived to be unwelcome or unpleasant. Tangible assistance in emergencies was the least unwelcome along with advice about health, while all groups perceived unwanted offers about finances and life management to be most unpleasant (p. 235). Overall, unasked-for offers were perceived in a negative way if they questioned competence or capabilities, or if they were perceived to have been made in a belittling manner (p. 237).

B1) In matters of finance and life management, interference was the most common reason given for finding offers of support unwelcome. Unsolicited advice perceived to be given out of concern or friendliness was more likely to be welcome, especially if it comes from a spouse or relative.

B2) Younger adults found advice about health and life management to be more unpleasant the middle aged and older adults. The older group was also more sensitive about image than the young adults, and in being perceived as incompetent or needing advice about finances, life management and age identity (i.e. act your age).

B3) Older adults are most likely to openly reject or discount advice, especially if it comes from a stranger or acquaintance rather than a relative. Young adults are also more inclined to openly reject such offers.

C1) In question C, all three cases involve unwanted advice from close relatives, which the study shows will more likely be accepted than from friends, acquaintances and strangers. Older adults are more likely to actively discount all unwanted advice and offers, and to use more assertive strategies in rejecting it.

C2) Older adults give more weight to protecting the 'face' and self-esteem of others as a normative statement. Both young and older adults are more likely to be assertive in rejecting unwanted advice, but older people are more welcoming of advice that is given out of friendliness or concern for their welfare (p. 237).

C3) Middle aged people are more likely to avoid interference and find it unpleasant than younger and older adults. They are also more likely to discount unsolicited advice than young adults, and are more sensitive to offers related to cognition (p. 237).

Identify an issue or aspect of the article that sparked your interest. Provide thoughts on this and offer additional material for class discussion.

I think that the cross-cultural aspect of the whole question is interesting, particularly among these older Germans who experienced a very different kind of society than anyone in the U.S., and how they would compare to older Americans. I have a sense that the younger generations in the U.S. And Germany would probably have more in common, although German culture may still be more formal, rigid and patriarchal than that in the U.S., and perhaps be less… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Cite This Questionnaire:

APA Format

Old Age.  (2011, December 5).  Retrieved June 20, 2019, from

MLA Format

"Old Age."  5 December 2011.  Web.  20 June 2019. <>.

Chicago Format

"Old Age."  December 5, 2011.  Accessed June 20, 2019.