Oral Health Link to Increase Cardiovascular Disease Research Paper

Pages: 4 (1194 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 4  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Junior  ·  Topic: Disease

¶ … periodontal diseases and cardiovascular diseases (Mizoue et al.,2008). The role that oral health plays in the etiology of the cardiovascular disease has been given a lot of attention (Oliveira, Watt and Hamer,2010).Several epidemiological studies have concluded that there is a link between periodontal diseases and the health risk of developing cardiovascular diseases (CVD).Poor oral health as well as heart diseases are prevalent in the United States. According to the statistics from the American Heart Association, about 36.3% (Representing 1 in 2.8) of all deaths in the year 2004 were as a result of cardiovascular disease (Xu et al.,2006). The 2010 statistical update from the American Heart Association indicated that more than 81 Million adults (more than 1 in 3) in the U.S. have one or more types of heart disease / cardiovascular disease (CDV) (Lloyd-Jones, Adams, Brown,2010).Meurman and Hamalainen (2006) found out that there is a relationship between poor dental health and high mortality rate among the elderly population. A survey conducted by the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) between 1999-2002 effectively investigated the oral health of the American population. The outcome of the study indicated that about 41% of children aged between 2 and 1 years, 50% of children aged between 12-15 years as well as 68% of adolescent between the age of 16 and 19 had decayed primary teeth. In adults, the prevalence of teeth decay was 87% among individuals between the ages of 20-39 and 95% of those aged between 40 -59.Twenty five percent of adults who are aged over 60 were indicated to have lost all their teeth. As a consequence of these shocking prevalence statistics, the determination of the correlation between periodontal diseases and cardiovascular diseases is very important since oral health may act as an avenue that can be used in controlling the rate of cardiovascular mortality.The work of Janket et al., (2003) and Khader et al., (2004) have indicated that the risk of coronary heart diseases as well as cerebrovascular diseases are increased by periodontal infections. Amar and Han (2003) conducted a study that indicated that infectious as well as inflammatory process in a person may promote the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). These oral microbiological diseases and infections may go along way into affecting the general health status of a person.Tonetti et al. (2007) conducted a randomized controlled trial (RCT) and the outcome indicated that the improvement in an individual's endothelial function is achieved through an intensive treatment targeting periodontitis. Scannapieco (1999) implicated oral bacteria in the occurrence of pneumonia. Azarpazhooh and Leake (2006) conducted a study which found a correlation between oral health and pneumonia.Several longitudinal studies have investigated the associations that exists between mortality and several oral markers (Jansson et al., 2002; Hamalainen et al., 2005; Abnet et al.,2005). Abnet et al. (2005) carried out a study which associated tooth loss with increased death rates as well as deaths due to heart diseases, stroke and upper gastrointestinal cancer. The work of Abnet et al., further examined the role of smoking by correlating it to tooth loss as well as death. Jansson et al. (2002) carried out a study on a cohort of people who were living in a community. The participants were aged between 18 and 65 years and had poor oral health. The study indicated that poor oral health is associated with increase deaths that are caused by cardiovascular diseases (CVD).Even though no studies have been conducted to determine the approximate number of Americans who succumb to cardiovascular diseases whose causes are related to poor oral health, the is adequate enough to… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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