Term Paper: Organic Farming in Saudi Arabia Environmental

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Organic Farming in Saudi Arabia

Environmental and Socio-Economical Prospects and Challenges

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Organic Farming in Saudi Arabia

Environmental and Socio-Economical Prospects and Challenges

The objective of this proposal is to explore in detail the potential development of a full dissertation based on the environmental and socio-economical prospects and challenges in regard to organic farming in Saudi Arabia. One must consider the available land in this nation that is slightly more than one-fifth the size of the United States and has a harsh climate of dry desert and great temperature extremes. The terrain is mostly uninhabited due to the fact that a large portion of it is desert that has frequent sand and dust storms. Small portions of the land is arable, just 1.67% for permanent crops as of statistics from 2005. Special farming techniques will be required to tame this harsh terrain. but, it is possible because as of 2003, the nation saw up to 16,200 square kilometers fully irrigated.

What type of farming could be useful here? What comes to mind and is worth mentioning is the process of organic farming. This technique has been practiced in the majority of the countries of the world. This fact entails that the total cultivated organic land being utilized around the globe in the modern world today is approximately 26 million hectares. There is also a significant total economic output being produced by the world's organic producers. The European Union and the United States are currently the leading markets; however, there are many new or developing nations that have begun to show serious interest in participating in this growing international trend. Organic farming, as opposed to the conventional farming, presents an opportunity for individual and agricultural business entities to increase their overall worth. Saudi Arabia's agric-food imports in 2004 were $1.7 billion higher than in 2003 and the country's top five imports account for 40% of total agricultural imports.

This proposal incorporates a review of existing resource planning options and also attempts to look forward into the possibilities of potential new design and implementation processes pertaining to organic farms. In our ever increasingly competitive, technologically advanced and profit motivated global economy, all factions of the agricultural business community are in a never ending search for new and viable opportunities and solutions that can strategically reduce inherent problems in the farming community. These nations are also trying to control operational costs associated with the farming process and therefore systematically increasing food output, profitability and revenues. Throughout history, agricultural entities have successfully reduced costs and increased yield through the implementation of new machinery, irrigation techniques, and field re-structuring.

Today, however, water and land resources have become indispensible assets that can no longer be cut without creating extremely binding adverse affects on the farms productivity, quality and efficiency. Ground water supplies have been depleted and there are no perennial rivers or permanent water bodies in the area. Water is a give and take thing - the development of extensive seawater desalination facilities provided new options for the nation but coastal pollution from oil spills takes back some of those options. Because of this, the objective for the majority of organic farming organizations or individuals has become a drive to be as efficient as possible. The basic tenet of the environmental and socio-economical prospects in regard to organic farming in Saudi Arabia will be to focus on the design, construction and use of viable organic farm systems that can potentially increase food crop output for all involved.

Literature Review

Organic Farming in Saudi Arabia

Environmental and Socio-Economical Prospects and Challenges

Chapter 1 Introduction

This report is a proposal and foreshadow of what would be the foundation for a full dissertation based on the environmental and socio-economical prospects and challenges in regard to implementing organic farming in Saudi Arabia. As organic farming becomes even more intricate for current and future agricultural business models, there will be an ever increasing amount of pressure on all public and private farming institutions to design and manage their output in an efficient manner. Existing and future organic farms will require all new methodologies that can plausibly handle the plethora of demands placed on them by the ever increasing levels of technological breakthroughs. Consider for example the process of irrigation. Today it is possible to grow completely green golf courses in the middle of a desert setting which then entails the potential to also organically grow food in that same environment.

This type of environmental and socio-economical potential can become the life blood of a nations' food supply and is an excellent example of the need for even more efficient crop, water and land management. There are many new agricultural implementation methodologies available but organic farming is one of the better potential options that could be used in Saudi Arabia. Existing designs of farms are antiquated agricultural business functions. They seem more often than not to be outdated methodologies that produce less than perfect results in regard to food yield output and return on investment. An alternative implementation option, such as the proposed organic farming, is based on more sound and modern methodology and has the potential to become an extremely popular process for future farming operations.

This proposal presents a need for a full dissertation project that provides solutions for the environmental and socio-economical prospects and challenges in regard to organic farming in Saudi Arabia. It is critical to note that organic farming in Saudi Arabia will be a sound option that will offer a vast improvement over existing base farming implementation methodologies. Consider the implications for the Saudi Arabian Date Palm Tree. "With more than 10000 years of age it is one of the oldest trees in the world. Many nations transferred the palm trees from Saudi Arabia (used to be called Arabian Peninsula) to other places in the world after they became amused by its charming beauty and its endless generosity." (PalmWonder, 2009) Organic farming can reinvigorate the production, growth and output processes to create new uses that are up until now unimaginable. Organic farming may never be a one hundred percent optimal solution for all farming system implementation, but conventional implementation methodologies have proven to be even less reliable.

Chapter 2 Statement of the Problem

The primary objective of this research effort is to provide a foundation for a complete dissertation regarding the development of new organic farming methodologies throughout the nation that could provide more comprehensive and healthy food output yields for Saudi Arabia and thus reducing our dependence on foreign food imports. This proposed research is new and differs from any research studies that have been conducted in the past. The potential output from this dissertation matters in this particular field of study because of the vast potential organic farming holds. The proposed organic farming systems and the associated techniques would provide well-defined, well-structured frameworks for guiding project teams and other committee stakeholders through the spectrum of an entire national organic farming process. The process would be built on the basis of organic farming design techniques that would attempt to incorporate the various missing pieces of prior agricultural farming methodologies as well as adding to previously successful efforts.

There is a great procedural challenge in working with such complex issues as these. For example, this dissertation has an objective to use a perspective that can be considered to be broad enough to incorporate all of the necessary elements at the various high levels of integration while at the same time thinking in narrow enough frameworks to sufficiently understand minute elements and details that impact the system as a whole. The dissertation then also has to be able to help provide future users the needed knowledge to improve the system as needed.

Thus, any approach must first be geared to achieve the broad perspective of understanding in regard to the nation's existing agricultural demands by systematically gathering the proper data streams and then thoroughly analyzing that information. In order to achieve the desired and measured results that are relevant to eventually implementing complete and reliable nationwide organic farming systems, there must be close interactions between the research process teams, the farmers, and any other necessary institutions that may be considered to be essential to overall successful outcomes.

Unfortunately, there has been little to no prior research conducted regarding Saudi organic farming principles and potential processes and supporting policies. This dissertation, if approved, will be a reliable first effort that can be considered to be a pioneer in every sense of the imagination. This proposed dissertation both offers and provides opportunities for new results for the Saudi agricultural process in this field and in the overall holistic approach to organic farming. The foundation of a strong need for organic farming in the nation drives positive feelings. Potential outcomes and results will more than likely fill an urgent need for the Saudi Ministry of Agriculture, the governmental structure and the people of this… [END OF PREVIEW]

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