Essay: Organizational Leadership Strategies Falls

Pages: 3 (1038 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 5  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Medicine

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[. . .] Besides, it is important to communicate with the patient about the effectiveness of the medication and assess whether the drug has low benefits or high risks. This helps them determine if they should continue or discontinue the medication (Drenckpohl, Bowers & Cooper, 2007).

When physicians decide to prescribe or de-prescribe a medication, it is necessary to work with the care provider. This reduces the chances of negative effects associated with withdrawal of medications such as psychological and emotional withdrawal. The health professionals must assist patients understand how they can approach a discontinued medication (Drenckpohl, Bowers & Cooper, 2007).

Clinical approaches to Polypharmacy

Before a caregiver prescribes a new medication, it is crucial to obtain a thorough history of patient medication. Both non-prescription and prescription medications must be considered: the patient must carry it to the healthcare provider. After assessing the patient's medical history, then the care provider can proceed and decide whether it is necessary to add more medication and if the benefits would outweigh the risks. In some cases, Nonpharmacologic therapy like exercise or diet modification might be appropriate instead of additional medication. Proper dosing must take into account patient's hepatic and renal function along with the drug's adverse event profile, pharmacodynamics, and pharmacokinetic (Varkey, Sathananthan, Scheifer, Bhagra, Fujiyoshi, Tom & Murad, 2009).

For the elderly, doses must be at a lower rate administered differently than in young patients. This helps in preventing toxicity from occurring. Care providers must evaluate the state of all concomitant diseases and drug-drug reactions to improve patient adherence. Patient adherence can be enhanced through educating both patients and their family members about their medications. Limiting drug prescription, considering generic options, simplifying drug regimens to simple medications and making use of compliance aids are some of the tactics that may help motivate families enhance adherence. Assessing medication regimes and setting reasonable therapeutic goals are very vital in ensuring that polypharmacy does result in unnecessary medical risks (Hines & Yu, 2009).

Conclusion

Polypharmacy has become common across the elderly generation. An array of studies proves that assortments of medications are linked to adverse health outcomes. However, more studies have found that there is an urging need to delineate the impacts linked to unnecessary intake of drugs. Healthcare practitioners ought to be aware of the associated threats and evaluate all medications at every single patient visit. This would help curb the recurrence of Polypharmacy (Drenckpohl, Bowers & Cooper, 2007).

References

Drenckpohl, D., Bowers, L., & Cooper, H. (2007). Use of the six-sigma methodology to reduce incidence of breast milk administration errors in the NICU. Neonatal Network, 26(3), 161-166.

Hines, P.A., & Yu, K.M. (2009). The changing reimbursement landscape: nurses' role in quality and operational excellence. Nursing Economic$, 27 (1), 7-13.

Menaker, R. (2010). Leadership strategies in healthcare. The Journal of Medical Practice Management, 24(6), 339 -- 343.

Miller, D. (Ed.). (2005). Going lean in health care. Institute for Healthcare Improvement Innovation Series. Retrieved from http://www.entnet.org/Practice/upload/GoingLeaninHealthCareWhitePaper.pdf

Varkey, P., Sathananthan, A., Scheifer, A., Bhagra, S., Fujiyoshi, A., Tom, A., & Murad, M.H. (2009). Using quality-improvement techniques to enhance patient education and… [END OF PREVIEW]

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