Organize a Protest Rally Term Paper

Pages: 5 (1583 words)  ·  Style: MLA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 4  ·  File: .docx  ·  Topic: History - Israel

Protest Rally

Nearly three thousand U.S. troops and 100,000 Iraqi civilians have lost their lives in our war with Iraq. War always brings death, but hopefully the end justifies the means. However, in the Iraqi situation, I believe death and destruction have occurred needlessly. For this reason, I am organizing an anti-war rally to bring out troops home from Iraq now. I will share with you today why I believe the war in Iraq is without merit and why I believe it cannot possibly meet its stated objectives. For these reasons, I will urge you to join me to protest further U.S. involvement in Iraq.

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In March 2003, George W. Bush, the president of the United States, and Tony Blair, the prime minister of the United Kingdom, demanded that Saddam Hussein and his family leave Iraq (Rourke 138). Also, Bush and Blair required Iraq to disarm its army (Rourke 138). Iraq denied these orders, and the coalition power including the U.S. And the U.K. declared war on Iraq. When declaring war, President Bush and Prime Minister Blair proclaimed that they had solid evidence that Iraq had been trying to acquire weapons of mass destruction, especially nuclear weapons (Rourke 138). They also insisted on a connection between the Iraqi government and terrorists groups such as Al-Qaeda that had committed the September 11th terrorist attacks (Rourke 138). However, China, France, and Russia employed a veto against the resolution of the invasion in the United Nations Security Council, and most other countries discredited the insistences of the U.S.-led coalition power (Rourke 138). Although the coalition failed to win authorization by the United Nations and global approval, the coalition still chose to attack Iraq without multilateral support.

Term Paper on Organize a Protest Rally Assignment

Since the war has begun, the U.S.-led coalition has never found menacing weapons of mass destruction in Iraq and never proved its allegation that the Iraqi government was connected with Al-Qaeda. Failing to provide evidence for these charges, the leaders of the coalition power and some pro-war scholars have begun positioning the war in another way. Instead of admitting failure, they insist that the war is necessary to promote democracy in Iraq. Also, the U.S. And the U.K. have not been successful in securing public order and peace in Iraq for the last three years after major combat ensued because of their poor planning. Iraq has been brutally destroyed based on false accusations. And, Americans are not any more secure from terrorism than they were before the Iraqi invasion.

More than three years into the war, the proof of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq is still tenuous (Rourke 150). Also, no visible evidence regarding Iraqis' aid for terrorists groups such as Al-Qaeda has been brought to light (Rourke 150). Bush and Blair bombed Iraq even though they knew there were no weapons of mass destruction and no Iraqi government connection with terrorism. On May 1, 2003, George Bush claimed, "Mission Accomplished" and defined the result of the war as "a crucial advance in the campaign against terror." (Rourke 147) However, West Virginia Senator, Robert Byrd, responded, "What a difference a few months makes! Before the war, it was Afghanistan and Al-Qaeda, not Iraq, that constituted the central front in the war on terror. It was Osama bin Laden, not Saddam Hussein, who orchestrated the September 11 attacks on the United States." (Rourke 147)

Also, careful listeners know that Bush never mentions accomplishing the removal of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. As a matter of fact, inspectors of the United Nations could not uncover any evidence of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq in 2002 (Rourke 138). Furthermore, up until 1998, the United Nations Special Commission had removed most nuclear, ballistic, and chemical weapons in Iraq (Lopez and Cortright 3). After that, a sanction on trading arms and military technology had remained (Lopez and Cortright 7). Given the fact that economic sanctions had totally destroyed the Iraqi economy, it is dubious that Iraq was even capable of recreating weapons of mass destruction.

Some Americans and pro-war scholars claim that the war is necessary to promote democracy in Iraq. However, settling democracy in Iraq did not cause the war, so this reason should not be used to justify continued involvement. Moreover, even if advancing democracy was the central purpose of the war, it was not a gift to Iraq. Several factors apparently show that Iraq was unprepared for democracy. First of all, internal conflict within Iraq did not favor establishing democracy. Some scholars warned that religious leaders of Shiites were insisting, after Saddam lost power, on theocratic rule of Iraq, instead of democracy (Masci 630). Since sixty percent of Iraqis are Shiites demanding a government run by Shiite clerics rather than pro-American politicians, promoting democracy in Iraq would not be as easy as some Americans had expected whether non- Shiite Iraqis wanted democracy or not. Democracy should come from the people, not by foreign armies (Masci 630). Also, the relationship between government and religion is very strong in Islamic societies. Most of the Middle East countries, including Saudi Arabia, Iran, Jordan, and Syria, do not have secular or democratic governments; those counties are ruled by either religious leaders or kings existing to protect Islam. Secondly, other situations in Iraq do not fit basic factors that democratic theory includes. Iraq has no previous democratic experience. "Oil revenues, the life-line of any Iraqi regime, are notorious for their ability to centralize rather than democratize power; the county has no tradition of limited or responsible government." (Smith and Diamond 1)

In addition, the national identity in Iraq is weak because of aggressive and frequent conflicts between religions and ethnicities (Smith and Diamond 1). Iraq has countless ethnic and religious groups such as Shi'a, Sunnis, Kurds, Assyrian Christians, Turcomans, Chaldeans, Communists, and Ba'athists (Mills 286). Eva Bellin, a professor at City University of New York, said, "Conventional wisdom in the field suggests that some consensus about national identity, that is, some degree of social solidarity, is necessary to prevent the inherently conflictual nature of the democratic process from tearing a country apart." (Bellin 598) Iraq is not fully capable of establishing a democratic government and society without a long chaotic transition. Democracy in one country cannot be achieved by an instruction manual from other countries. Some Americans and pro-war scholars arguing for democracy in Iraq should remember that it took several hundreds years to accomplish democracy even in western society.

Many Americans firmly believe that even if all the purposes -- weapons of mass destruction, terrorists, and democracy-- have turned out wrong, the war was still inevitable and was necessary for Iraqis to have a better future. They insist that Iraq's cruel and dangerous dictator, Saddam Hussein, caused the war by threatening the U.S. And believe that Iraqis wanted help from the American army to remove Saddam Hussein's regime. Certainly, Saddam was a brutal dictator who had killed many of his own people with biological weapons and who had caused the Gulf War in 1991 by invading Kuwait (Rourke 150). Yet, the fact that Iraq was a dangerous place to live is solely Iraq's domestic issue. Did the U.S. really go to Iraq to save its people from Saddam Hussein? If so, why is the U.S. not helping many African and Latin American countries where a prodigious number of people are dying by brutal dictators, anti-government guerilla war fares, or civil wars? Is the U.S. planning on invading all of those countries to eliminate their brutal dictators, or does the U.S. choose only a certain country to help? Also, there was no evidence that Iraqis wanted American troops to depose of Saddam Hussein even though Iraqis might have hated him.

Even if Iraqis wanted help from the U.S., the war that has killed up to 100,000 Iraqi civilians was not the… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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