Organized Crime Has Existed Term Paper

Pages: 6 (2582 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 16  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Criminal Justice

Established in 1923, the Mafia has in the past helped the FBI and the CIA with connections between the Mafia in Italy and the United States. (McClure, 2003) Current evidence indicates that the Mafia in Italy is on the wane. Previous Mafia members have helped in this regard. While the mafia is still financially powerful, new methods of tracking funds have kept suspected criminals on the run. Even former Italian Prime Minister Guilio Andreotti has been suspected of having connections with the Mafia. (, 2000)

RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Evolution), established in 1970 was one of the most far reaching ACTs. RICO established twenty four different instances where someone could be indicted. The crimes under RICO could range from tax evasion to murder. Two decades earlier, the FBI established the "Ten Most Wanted List of Fugitives." These formal policies have been combined with advances in forensic technologies. In addition, the Civil Right Acts, the Federal Fugitive Acts and the Sport Bribery Act allowed the FBI greater leeway in pursuing the Mob. In the past (and even today) the best way for law enforcement to indict Mafiosi has been through inside informants. While there have been several, the first prominent informant was Joseph Valachi from the Genovese family, who in 1963 provided testimony against Lucky Luciano. Peter Maas in "The Valachi Papers" (Maas, 1968) immortalized this testimony. This testimony provided Congress the impetus to pass the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act.Buy full Download Microsoft Word File paper
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Like Rudolph Giuliani's efforts to reduce crime in New York City, Fiorello LaGuardia and Attorney General Thomas Dewey also went after crime bosses. They used informants and other information to obtain indictments. This was the first time the Mafia's crime process was temporarily disrupted. This situation was similar to Elliot Ness' efforts against Al Capone, whom Ness eventually got for racketeering. More recently the Dapper Don or Teflon Don John Gotti (died in 2002) was arrested for murder and conspiracy to commit murder. Charges of loansharking, racketeering, obstruction of justice, gambling and tax evasion. The Teflon Don moniker was the only name that stuck to Gotti because he was exonerated everytime he was arrested. His underling Sammy "The Bull" Gravano, a hitman, provided the information. Sammy however, has not escaped. He was recently indicted and is serving time for murder. Another famous mob boss was Bugsy Siegel who was primarily responsible for the converting Las Vegas from a desert town to the teeming center of gaming that it is today. Siegel was also a member of Murder Incorporated, a group that spread terror even among the ranks of the Mafiosi. Like his father, John Gotti Jr. has taken over the mantle of the Gambino family. Also much like his father, Gotti Jr. has also been in and out of jails. Informant and gang member Jenaro Colon agreed to testify. (Maas, 1997)

The last five years have been very fruitful for the FBI, as most of the mobs have been shut down. Those that would continue the tradition have been jailed. Gotti from New York and Joey Merlino from Philadelphia. The FBI have been relentless in their pursuit. The Mob is not as strong any more. 1999 was a particularly good year for the FBI as Mobsters were arrested from New York and Las Vegas, and even as far as Youngstown, Ohio and Pittsburgh, PA. (Porello, 1999) In addition to the criminals not having the stomach for organization and allegiance to omerta that their deadly predecessors had, advanced methods of surveillance have also helped. The FBI and other law enforcement agencies use sophisticated crime tracking methods. These include association analysis which uses links of whereabouts of suspected members and crimes committed. All this information is databased and available at the click of a button on the computer. Wiretaps have also helped. Gotti Sr., meeting places were bugged with sophisticated listening devices. It was here that the mobster was heard disparaging Gravano. Gravano agreed to testify against Gotti only when he heard these tapes replayed. Association analysis combined with telephone analysis shows criminal activities like gambling before a game. Listening devices also help because over time the FBI has developed a glossary of terms and speech codes which mean that a crime is about to be commited. Law enforcement can then take steps to prevent the crime. Pursuing mobsters and prosecuting them does not only involve the FBI. The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA), Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms (ATF), Internal Revenue Services (IRS) and local police have also been part of the organized crime fighting effort. All these agencies have used techniques of decriminalizing certain crimes, regulation, reduction of profitability and harassment. (Reuter, 1983)

Crime is here to stay. Over the past century, the winners in the fight has changed from criminals to law enforcement. One can hope that the efforts would pay dividends in this continuing fight against organized crimes that might arise from different origins.


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Williams, P. Russian Organized Crime: The New Threat? London;… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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