Origin of Ancient Nepal Neolithic Term Paper

Pages: 7 (1987 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 2  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: History - Asian


In the mid-7th century contact with China was initiated as the two countries exchanged missions. The Malla dynasty ruled Nepal between the 10th and 18th century. Yaksa Malla (reigned c.1429-82) divided the kingdom into three independent principalities, which by the 16th century were ruled by independent dynasties.

In 1769 the Gurkhas, led by Prithvi Narayan Shah, conquered the Nepal Valley. He moved the capital to Kathmandu, providing the foundation for modern Nepal.

From 1775 to 1951 Nepali politics were characterized by conflict between the royal family and several noble families. Often the Shah rulers were relegated to honorary positions, while the political power was concentrated within a dominant noble family.


One can probably say that Nepal is as old as the Himalayas, when a great lake filled the Kathmandu Valley. One legend holds that this lake was drained by a thunderbolt thrown against the walls of the Valley by the Hindu god Krishna. Another claims it was drained by the patriarch Manjushri as he wanted to get a closer look at a Swayambhu or Adhi-buddha, the beautiful lotus flower resting on the lake.

But the recorded history of Nepal does not start until around 800 BC, with the beginning of the Kirat Period. After that was the Lichhavi and Thakuri Period, followed by the Malla Period and finally the Shah Period.

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Little is know about Nepali history until the British came in contact with them in the early 1500's. The Nepali people resisted the advance of the English, and thereby earned the respect of the British. Nepali warriors known as Gorkhas where known to fight with extraordinary skill and valor. In fact, the Gorkhas so impressed the British that they hired them on as mercenaries (and still do to this day.)

During the late 1700's, the king of Nepal made it illegal for any missionaries or foreigners to come into Nepal. He once said, "Where the Bible goes, the Union Jack (flag of England) follows." For the next two hundred years, Nepal remained a medieval kingdom with no contact with the rest of the world.

TOPIC: Term Paper on Origin of Ancient Nepal Neolithic Assignment

In 1950 a revolution in the government threw out the old ruling class and put in a group of royal families. At last, Nepal was open to the outside world. Ironically, airplanes were invented in Nepal before roads were. It was not until the middle of the 1960's that any road was built into Nepal.

Nepal has progressed slowly over the last fifty years, but it now has a road system, an airport, Internet shops, tourism attractions, and a new constitutional monarchy. The cities are much more advanced than the countryside, where people live much as they have for the last five hundred years. Certain villages in the mountains must hike seventeen days without roads to reach a town where they can buy supplies.


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