Research Paper: Origin of Cold War

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Origins of Cold War

The long Telegram

The policy makers in Washington and Harry S. Truman overlooked the views and beliefs of Kennan, those that he expressed, in Moscow. The policymakers were continuously convinced by Kennan to back out with their plans for collaboration with Soviet Union in support of Europe and to favor a sphere of power approach in order to deteriorate the influence of Soviet Union in Europe (Keene, 1946). The development of a federation was required to oppose the power and control of Soviet Union in Western Europe and to stand against the monopoly of Soviet in Eastern Europe, as asserted by Kennan (1946).

Until the mid-1946, U.S. mission residing in Moscow as the deputy head was Kennan. With the term ending, Soviet Union showed disintegration in the system of World Bank run under the International Monetary Fund and showed disinterest in it, and this led to the U.S. state department being enquired about it from the U.S. Treasury department. A comprehensive report was a response from Kennan before the term ending in 1946. The letter comprised officially of a telegram of 5500-word report, which he sent from Moscow as a strategic document to James Byrnes in the office of the Secretary of State establishing diplomatic framework on managing good coherence with Soviet Union (Kennan, 1946).

It was the matter of internal requirements creating the primary essence of Soviet international strategy in the regime of Joseph Stalin. Kennan stated that in order to keep his reign, Stalin needed a bad international condition outside the Soviet land. The theory of Marxism-Leninism was hence interpreted, customized and copied by Stalin as a logical explanation of his ruling strategy that Soviet was under risk of harm if a system other than dictatorship was to take over since they had no idea know how to rule without that - to limit acts of cruelty which they eliminated and sacrifice which was inevitable. At present they cannot surrender this system. This is shocking how its approval is a shame to their morality and self-esteem (Keenan, 1946).

As suggested in numerous studies, the coherence with the Soviet system could only be maintained by the Western institutions, claiming them significant when Soviet regime was to show softness in their stiffness. His policy describing how to stand and support the stringent attitude of the Soviet government lied in series of logical conventions and propositions that vigilantly favored them and countered Soviet functionalities with the help of political trends shifting in the international scenario (Nash, 2008).

This telegraph from Kennan brought to attention the Navy secretary James Forrestal - a popular advocate in the Truman's bench catering the edgy link between the Soviets and them - and formerly a wartime ally with U.S.. James Forrestal assisted Kennan back in Washington, when Kennan was selected as the deputy in foreign affairs department of National War College. He then went on to publish the article 'X' on his support and encouragement of the Soviet approach (Nash, 2008; Kennan, 1925-50).

The prime objective behind his policy was to remove the U.S. troops from European premises. The encouragement of Kremlin would be increased by the settlement, against the foundation of organizations in the Eastern Europe that were an indirect enemy to the Soviet Union, annotating the amount of control that was essential to be practiced to keep a Soviet orientation (Grodzins et al., 1963).

For the time being, in 1947 in the month of March, formation of Truman Doctrine took placed. Truman Doctrine is Kennan's notice that Truman used as "long telegram" where he claimed that he would support those people who refuse to accept defeat by armed alternatives or by external stress; he believed that this was the appropriate strategy (Truman, 1947).

In the midst of situation created by the report, U.S. state department contacted the U.S. embassy in Moscow to establish the foundation of the Soviet stance over the issue, the contact laid the groundwork for the entire environment established after the war in the Soviet Union; as well as the frame and elements of this situation; factual possibilities of projections this situation will carve out; projections that develop on a non-official ground and analysis of it with U.S. perspective and view point (Truman, 1947).

In the consequent time, by the end of February 1946, U.S. embassy in Moscow was ordered to deliver their investigative stance on Soviet coherence and stature. Kennan responded to this with an official telegram of 8000 words from Moscow. Since it was an extra ordinarily long report as such a level of communication, it is still known as 'The long telegram' and it supported the American frame of mind of the government (McCoy, 1984).

Communism and Soviet nature of government were drastically detested by the embassy official. He was sure of what he was making of in his time, since 1933 that he lived in Moscow. Telegram was appreciated greatly by the U.S., and it was published for Americans with the title: The Sources of Soviet Conduct. It was the primary document strategizing a frame work for the American stature towards Soviet government for probably 2 to 3 coming decades (McCoy, 1984).

The occurrences in Soviet lands have a touch of the essence of Marxism with complete respect and regard of dogma in Soviet events and affairs. Quite a number of historians have pointed out Kennan with criticism that his telegram disregarded the Soviet faith in Communism, which is factually false. Kennan asserted that he observed that Soviet philosophy was a cascade motivated by its ancient advent which comprised of ignoring the external lands and often devastating them (Brinkley, 1994).

Kremlin's work depicts what he observes about the Soviet affairs, showing how an emotional insecurity can be viewed and treated as traditional and natural phenomena in Russia. Emotional insecurity, fears and pressure of foreign intervention, a possibility of mixing of foreign world and their world, can be an easy assumption of bad outcome if Russia would become a part of international scenario knowing what they don't know and vice versa. They have hence, developed their own happiness and contentment in fighting against what does not exist in their local vicinity (Brinkley, 1994).

Kennan was of the view that Communism evoked destruction and disregard to outside world for rulers of Russia as a logical excuse. They found it a humanitarian foundation of their ancient ideology as a part of this dogma, which justifies the fears, pressures and disturbances they experience naturally due to developed mental acceptance that this social system cannot run without such a dictatorship, practicing cruelty that they ought to stop and sacrifice they care to hate. To keep up with what they had proposed for themselves they kept killing and nipping everything in the bud, and in the present they cannot survive with it (Lippmann, 1947).

Soviet government was assuming an undesired effect of Capitalistic Western ideology and liberal social structure in USSR, asserted Kennan. To make a logical understanding of the negative effect, Russia highlighted the U.S. concept of governance as undesirable and evil and one which was hostile to Russia. They believed that the U.S.S.R. had a conflicting structural stature entangled in Capitalistic ideology which would consequently entitle impossible existence of peace (Wells, 1979).

Soviet lands are controlled by rulers who have ideological essentials of their ancient traditions which picture the other lands as the outside world, profoundly evil to them, devastating and unfriendly, lethal and unemotional, hence creating a congested frame of thinking, catering germs that will cultivate frustration and build up a turmoil which will end up as a social uprising where people will no longer suffer from pressure, getting access to their humane needs. It is documented in this thesis that it is of significant importance to enhance military and troops providing power to Russia, which socially, unintentionally and ideologically wishes to cut off from the outside world having pressure to extend military power (Russell, 2000).

Kennan's remarkably accurate apprehensions about consequence of Soviet policy driven purely by strategy established the development of following possible events:

Strategy focusing on giving pillars to pride and honor and physical strength to the state by: military development through focused industrialization; army development; army and artillery displays; secretive stature veiling internal matters, keeping weaknesses hidden and not openly pointing out the opponents.

Time and again promising strategies will be implemented to empower the Soviet empire.

The conventions and organizations at the international level will only be entertained when there will be a light of opportunity helping the Soviet union in empowering itself, exhibiting its power and weakening the morale of others.

In the residential areas, socialistic circles, there will be a practice of weakening of Western state of mind from the minds of people who are still hanging on to the orthodox Russian traditions.

Russians will find friends in the form of opponents in the outside world who overlap one of the traditional ideological elements of Russian Communism against the West.

Russians wished to take over the financial structure of… [END OF PREVIEW]

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