Overcoming Ethical Challenges in the WorkplaceCase Study

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Ethical Behavior in Criminal Justice

The Parole Board

Correction facilities are meant to shape the characters of offenders; offer punishment for crimes committed, and train them to fit the society well after release. It also gives them the chance to become accepted into the society systems once released (Herman, 2012). Offenders are there in different forms. There are those are capital offenders while others are minor offenders. Capital offenders are charged differently from the minor offenders. In every case, capital offenders are the ones who face the worst punishment and the least chances of being pardoned. Terms of imprisonment also vary according to the nature of the crime committed. During parole, the prisoner is taken through a session of relative freedom of movement. Here, the prisoner engages in community service that encompasses cleaning the environment and any other menial jobs. During this process, the prisoner will be expected to report to the police station for assessment. This will continue to the point where the authorities are satisfied that some improvements have been recorded in the character of the individual in question.

Parole is the temporary discharge of a detainee who agrees to some conditions. Parole involves releasing a prisoner after agreeing to change his or her character for good. For instance, the concerned prisoner must have proved to the prison authorities that he can live as a law-abiding citizen. Parole entails having an arrangement where the criminal will keep in reporting to the police authorities every on a frequent basis to report the progress of his or her conduct. Parole is given to minor offenders and to first-time offenders. During parole, the offender is supposed to abstain from any crime whatsoever.

Parole or no parole

From the high levels of crime occurring in the U.S. today, there has been a challenge with the capacity in the prisons. Overcrowding is the latest problem that is facing the corrective facilitate. It is the even to the problem that the government has considered having parole options in order to restore manageable levels of prison populations as it was before. There are many evils associated with overcrowding. This includes the rise of gang fights as well as other socially unacceptable behaviors such as sodomy and bullying. Human rights activists are considering suing the federal governments for failure to give more options for parole.

Mr. Richard, the chairperson of parole team is faced with the challenge of deciding which action to take regarding this issue. The governor wants him to advise him on whether the federal government should give room for more parole to happen or not. When they contravene it, they end risking legal suits from the advocates. In this case, they will not win the case since the severity of the overcrowding effects on the inmates is very high. People in charge of the prisoners will wish to have parole given so that they are relieved from the excess work at their stations.

The dilemma

The big dilemma in this case is whether the parole board should allow more prisoners to be released on parole or not. In the event that they are released, they may end up engaging in the crime again and that it will be hard to re-arrest them. Once a prisoner is out of jail, there is little assurance that they will change in their character. Parole does not allow minor offenders to go scot-free. They have to serve some form of a disciplinary duty such as having to participate in community service activities. It is through these acts of labor that they get to obtain then desire character and conduct. If the parole team fails to approve the opportunity for more parole options, there is likelihood that prisoners will be unmanageable and riotous at some point. Human rights advocates also stand a very high chance of winning the case they file against the federal government.

Mr. Richard should advise the Governor to give approval for the inclusion of parole programs in the prison system. The Governor should also ensure that kind of parole given does not increase the likelihood of a crime being committed again by the said prisoners. Upon release, there should be a tight follow-up monitoring process where all the prisoners are given the chance to develop their conduct with minimal temptations to violence. Mr. Richard also stands a chance of losing the respect that he has from the governor if he does not advise him accordingly. This can be classified as a catch 22 situation, given the fact that there are two equally convincing fronts to the argument.

Ethical basis

Releasing prisoners on parole has the effect of angering the public, especially if the said prisoner is said to have been a nuisance to the society of origin and demoralizing other law-abiding citizens. Law-abiding citizens will end up taking improvement with contempt. Consequently, they will engage in the same crimes that the prisoners once committed. The result of this is that it will be hard to make people accept and practice a law if it is repugnant in any case. The process through which parole is given is also full of corrupt activities. Before someone can be granted parole, the prison authorities unscrupulously end up extorting money from the inmates. Such practices have led to the kind of imperfections currently witnessed at the prisons. There is also a new trend revolving around the parole issue. Other ethical issues revolving around the parole issue include the society's reaction to the release of a criminal who is well-known to have been a thorny issue for many.

2. The warden's position

Mr. William is the warden of one of the correctional facilities in town. He is grappling with the problem of overcrowding in the prisons, Inn this case; he is not on his own in making the decisions concerning the issue. The unions of security workers at the prison have requested him to hear out how to solve the problems of overcrowding. She appears the best person to address the problem in the eyes of his juniors. In his prison, the many detainees have often affected the service delivery in many federal courts. As a result, the challenges that come with overcrowding have put him in this situation where he has to address the concerns of the security people.

Causes and effects of overcrowding

The Arrest and Prosecute campaign has led to the overcrowding effects at the prisons. Human rights activists have been urging the federal government to reduce the time through which suspects have to be termed so before being proved whether guilty or not. In this case, this has led to many arrests being made effective and consequently a rise in the numbers who are imprisoned. There are no sufficient prisons to accommodate all the many prisoners arrested each time. Overcrowding has several effects, which are negative to the employees of the prison and to the prisoners themselves. The security people and the support staff found in the prison system are likely to face attacks from the inmates if they are in their large numbers. The prisoners will also end up harming themselves when they are in an overcrowded place. Reports show that many cases of sodomy as well as bullying that come in the form of gang fights are witnessed in a crowded prison system. It is highly likely that people often turn chaotic and somehow wild when they are in an overcrowded place. In the U.S. prisons, many employees as well as inmates have died from issues related to overcrowding.

Mr. William, at this point, has to address the concern that has been brought to his table. One serious matter touches on not only the lives of the security personnel but also that of the prisoners being held. If not corrected, the problem will water down the whole process of trying to correct the lives of the inmates. Notably, today's prisons serve to harden criminals more than in the past. Those criminals who have gone through the prison at some point are known to be less bothered with the inconveniences that the prison environment brings. Once it gets to this point, then the correction agenda will haves as well be lost.

The challenge at hand is not the making of Mr. William but rather the results of the effects of the government policy. Federal governments yielded to the clamor to have the quickest prosecution of criminals possible. However, there were no responsive plans meant to have the risen numbers contained from exceeding the prison capacity. It will as well be hard for Me. William to address this issue brought before him independently. It requires the efforts and the goodwill of the government to have the prisons decongested. As noted earlier, the problem of decongestion is aggravated by the government's refusal to have a law that allows parole. Although the reasons for turning down the parole appeal are real and genuine, it can be applied cautiously, and the same good results can be obtained. Mr.… [END OF PREVIEW]

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