Panopticism the Brooklyn Daily Eagle July 29 Essay

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Panopticism

The Brooklyn Daily Eagle July 29, 1900, article "Points-of-View" discuses elements that can be better understood from the perspective of Panopticism. People living contemporary to the article were apparently devoted to restructuring society and shaping it as they considered being best for themselves and for the community as a whole.

Both Panopticism and the character of the article relate to how individuals are essentially determined to have people change independently in order for society to change, since this is apparently the only method of reform. In addition to being controlled by authorities and the state, people need to govern themselves in order to effectively contribute to improving society.

In their attempt to restructure society, the masses have often failed because they did not consider everything there is to consider in such conditions. Demagogues have dominated the political landscape for centuries now and it is very difficult for someone to actually come up with a strategy that would prove to be efficient (Brooklyn Daily Eagle).

Most of those wanting to reform society have little to no success in doing so because they do not concentrate on local communities. The general tendency is to focus on reforming leadership, in hope that this is the only method through which one can actually change something. Moreover, most people also fail because they want change to occur immediately, as they are unaware that reform needs to happen over a larger period of time during which all the important problems have been dealt with one by one (Brooklyn Daily Eagle).

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As described in the article, the masses "don't or won't understand that humanity is a sluggish beast that has to be lifted out of its carboniferous slough by educational derricks that are still too few and weak for the work" (Brooklyn Daily Eagle). Focault appears to agree to this concept and this is obvious through the very fact that he believes that the Panopticon would be successful in controlling people and in influencing them to behave morally. One of the Panopticon's very values is education, with the institution having the purpose of preparing individuals so as for them to be successfully assimilated by society (Foucault 19).

Essay on Panopticism the Brooklyn Daily Eagle July 29, Assignment

People first need to be analyzed separately, since they can only be addressed as a whole by doing this. Even with that, this does not mean that power needs to be transferred into the hands of the individual. Instead, people have to be controlled by a higher force that does not allow them to commit acts that are morally wrong. Because they know that they are constantly supervised by authorities, people have no other option than to cooperate and do their best to control their behavior with the purpose of putting across discipline (Foucault 1).

Nineteenth century's reformers had the feeling that they had the key to restructuring society, but they paid little interest in topics that actually mattered. Most of them concentrated on constantly changing local governments, hoping that the ones that followed would bring more benefits to their community (Brooklyn Daily Eagle).

The Brooklyn Daily Eagle article mentions that people need to be provided with the chance of governing themselves concomitantly with knowing that there is a stronger authority in charge of them. This is obviously related to Panopticism, which is based on similar convictions, as the concept relates to how people will behave better if they are presented with the power to govern themselves (even with the fact that they are still controlled). Having the power to change the way they behave in order for them to be in agreement to a set of rules is likely to have all people see that they obey, since most are aware that it is in their best interest to do so (Brooklyn Daily Eagle).

"The crowd, a compact mass, a locus of multiple exchanges, individualities merging together, a collective effect, is abolished and replaced by a collection of separated individualities" (Foucault 8). When people are strong individually, they are capable of coming together in union and create a more efficient society. In order for people to behave ethically, they need to know that the power to change is in them, not in the leadership. The masses need to understand that people need to discover their individual strength in order to unite and strengthen society (Brooklyn Daily Eagle).

Politicians have always lobbied regarding how they can change the world if they are provided with the power to do so. Such people are apparently certain that change is something one can easily experience if the respective person follows a set of rules. However, when they actually come to lead a group of people, most leaders understand that reform is more difficult than one can initially believe.

Even with the fact that some leaders are well-intended, they have trouble implementing their legislations, as they continue to promote values promoted by those before them, considering that they cannot simply revolutionize the system completely. This is essentially one of the biggest mistakes a leader can make-that of wanting to reform the system by doing as little changes as possible.

Laws will not simply influence people in employing different behaviors, as they will only change when they will know that every step they take is monitored and they are rewarded in accordance with their deeds. Contemporary leaders seem uninterested to exercise full control over the people and they are thus left with the same society, which has only experienced minor changes. People are in most cases inclined to follow legislation expecting that they will eventually benefit from the process (Brooklyn Daily Eagle).

Because most of the public is let down as a result of acting in accordance with the law, people become strong-minded about applying their own organization of rules. The masses should first and foremost be given little influence over society. By productively governing themselves people are likely to improve their community.

People need to be controlled without feeling that their intimacy is being threatened by the authorities. In spite of the fact that it somewhat differs from the point-of-view in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle article, "the Panopticon is a machine for dissociating the see/being seen dyad: in the peripheric ring, one is totally seen, without ever seeing; in the central tower, one sees everything without ever being seen" (Foucault 9).

Even with the fact that they are constantly controlled by a higher authority; individuals do not feel distress, given that the respective authority never makes its presence felt. Power does not necessarily have to be enforced by a particular individual who proved that he had the attributes to do so. Instead, it needs to be efficient when it is in the hands of any individual, regardless of his or her background (Foucault 19).

An effective system will always benefit society, as what matters is the way people are controlled, not the person who puts this form of control into effect. As long as they know that their mission is only that to observe the public, leaders will have no trouble in doing their job (Foucault 21).

The masses have typically been inclined that every misdemeanor could be punished through implementing a law that would prevent an individual from ever wanting to do misbehave again.

All things considered, "it is not necessary to use force to constrain the convict to good behaviour, the madman to calm, the worker to work, the schoolboy to application, the patient to the observation of the regulations" (Foucault 10), as all that it takes is for individuals to have a clear understanding of what they are allowed and what they are not allowed to do.

The general public normally fails at installing newer and more effective systems because it has difficulties abandoning previous convictions. People should not be interested in what needs to be changed to their governing… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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