Research Paper: Patterns of Health Perceptions

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[. . .] However, dietary restriction and medicine intake was not as it should have been. The persons in the family affected with hypertension did not take their medicines regularly. They relied more on taking the medication when they felt negative symptoms that they themselves affiliated with high blood pressure.

Decreased cardiac output

This was the second diagnosis that I attained from the assessment. Even though this diagnosis cannot be applied to the members of the family that are aged less than thirty, these members are at a high risk for developing cardiac problems. This diagnosis was reached on the basis of poor diet, lack of physical activity, stress and positive family history for cardiac problems. The mother and father in the family both had hypertension that was poorly controlled. This would have led to permanent changes in the heart which would have caused a decrease in myocardial function and an automatic reduction in the cardiac output. Furthermore, some of the drugs that were being taken by two of the family members also reduced cardiac output as well.

Blair and Kampert et. al (1996) concluded that low fitness is a very crucial precursor of mortality. This statement can be applied for the people who smoke or do not smoke. Even though no one in the family smoked, their diet and positive family history put them at high risk for developing hypertension later on in life. As a nurse, it should be noted that the nurses should work to motivate the patients to increase their level of physical activity. These individuals should be counseled about the risks of decreased physical cardiac output and their intervention should be planned accordingly.


Blair, S., Kampert, J., Kohl III, H., Barlow, C., Macera, C., Paffenbarger Jr., R. And Gibbons, L. (1996). Influences of cardiorespiratory fitness and other precursors on cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in men and women. JAMA: the journal of the American Medical Association, 276 (3), pp. 205 -- 210.

Gordon, M. (1985). Manual of nursing diagnosis 1984-1985. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Russell, S., Daly, J., Hughes, E. And Others (2003). Nurses and 'difficult 'patients: negotiating non-compliance. Journal of advanced nursing, 43 (3), pp. 281 -- 287.

Weber, J. (2005). Nurses' handbook of health assessment. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

Questions Asked

Health Perception and Management

How is your general health?

What do you do in order to stay healthy?

Do you smoke or drink alcohol?

Do you listen to your doctors or nurses suggestions?

What current illness do you have?

Nutritional Metabolic

What is your food intake on average?

Do you carry out binge eating or drinking?

Do you take vitamins of supplements?

Have you been recommended any dietary restrictions? Do you follow them?


How frequent are your bowel movements? Do you have any pain associated with them?

Do you have constipation or diarrhea regularly?

How often do you urinate? Do you feel any pain or discomfort during passing urine?

Activity exercise

Do you work out or go out for a walk?

Do you have enough energy to work out or do you feel tired most of the time?

Do you take out time for yourself?

Do you plan or do any fun activities with your family?

Sleep rest

How much sleep do you get every night?

Do you follow a set pattern?

Does it take you a long time to go to sleep?

Do you take any sleeping aids? If yes, then why?


Do you have difficulty in trying to understand a situation?

Do you have difficulty in remembering things or in trying to concentrate?

Do you have any visual or hearing impairment?

Do you have poor decision making skills?


How do you feel about yourself?

Are you generally happy with who you are and what you do?

Are you depressed or scared about anything?

Role relationship

How do you feel about your family?

Do you have problems or grudges against any of the family members?

If there is a conflict in the family, are all of you able to solve in a peaceful and smooth manner?

Sexuality reproductive

Are you sexually active?

How is your sex life?

Do you have any problems related to your reproductive or sex life?

Coping Stress tolerance

Are you stressed?

How do you deal with stress or anxiety?

Value Belief… [END OF PREVIEW]

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APA Format

Patterns of Health Perceptions.  (2013, November 7).  Retrieved June 19, 2019, from

MLA Format

"Patterns of Health Perceptions."  7 November 2013.  Web.  19 June 2019. <>.

Chicago Format

"Patterns of Health Perceptions."  November 7, 2013.  Accessed June 19, 2019.