Grant Proposal: Perception of Objects in Infants

Pages: 7 (2240 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 9  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Physics  ·  Buy This Paper

SAMPLE EXCERPT:

[. . .] In addition, numerous differences in the way infants perform have something to do with differences in the processing speed, or the capacity to remember and compare information. The most popular explanation is central to the speed of processing information and perceiving things. However, why the speed of processing, which is the core during the perceiving of objects or social cognition, should have a relation to adolescent IQ remains an open question (Colombo and Mitchell, 1990). Some recent studies have revealed that infancy measures have a correlation with "speed of perceiving objects" at later ages even when there was controlled IQ (Rose and Feldman, 1995). Research also suggests that owing to the information-processing approach, the correlations with adulthood intelligence happen because the infant tasks are tapping into an important developmental change in information processing. Infants who develop rapidly will tend to continue the quick development and become adolescents with higher IQs (Colombo and Mitchell, 1990).

Rationale

In the process of contemplating topics to include in this paper, it was obvious that it was impossible to review all studies, or specifically numerous studies on infant perception and adolescent IQ. Therefore, the information on this proposal has concentrated on several areas, which did show a correlation to each other. In addition, it is apparent that this proposal relied on evidence from infant visual perception and cognition and on methods constructed to address the issues. However, I recognize and expect the reader to understand that there are numerous topics, which are equally significant. Some of the topics include auditory speech and speech perception, the relationship between perception and action, cross modal perception and an understanding of the managing of complicated series of events.

Methodology

Participants

The sample will comprise of adolescents who have earlier tested with infant attention measure, and at least, one of the outcome evaluations. The sample should not have different birth weights, gestational age at birth, infant attention, or maternal vocalization from participants who should have been followed from birth.

Procedure

Infant Fixation Duration

The infant's attention on an object should be observed for 60 seconds and recorded in intervals of half-seconds, when an infant reaches the desired birth date. To minimize the variations, owing to the differences in state, all infants should first be tested using a 10-min neurological evaluation then feed them on a littler amount of milk.

Maternal Vocalization Rate

The investigator should evaluate the rearing setting from the home observations made for infants at intervals of 1, 8 and 24 months of age. For this study, the investigator should observe the infant for one month. The investigator will use a pre-corded checklist, and the investigator should record every 15 seconds for the presence of numerous infant behaviors. Perception of objects is one of the priorities of this study.

Adolescent Intelligence

This will happen when the infants reach the age of 18 years using the WAIS-R (Satz mogel version).

References

Engen, T., Lipsitt, L.P., Lewis, P., & Kaye, H. (1963). Olfactory responses and adaptation in the human neonate. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology.

56, 73-77.

Colombo, J. & Mitchell, D.W. (1990). Individual differences in early visual attention: Fixation time and information processing. Individual differences in infancy, 193-227.

Dilalla, F.E. (2007). Development of intelligence: Current research and theories. Journal of school psychology, 38(1), 3-7.

Fantz, R.L. (1964). Visual experience in infants: Decreased attention to familiar patterns relative to novel ones. Science, 146, 668-670.

Hunter, M.A., & Ames, E.W. (1988). A multifactor model of infant preferences for novel and familiar stimuli. Advances in infancy research, 5, 69-95.

McCall, R.B., & Carriger, M. (1993). A meta-analysis of infant habituation and recognition memory performance as predictors of later IQ. Child Development, 64, 57-

79.

Quinn, P.C., & Johnson, M.H. (2000). Global before basic object categorization. Infancy, 1, 31-

46.

Rose, S.A. & Feldman, J.F. (1995). Prediction of IQ and specific cognitive abilities at 11 years from infancy measures. Developmental Psychology, 31, 685-696.

Slater, A. (1995). Individual differences in infancy and later IQ. Journal of Child Psychology

and Psychiatry, 36, 69-112.

BUDGET

Category

Requested Amount

Justification

Participant's incentives

Experts salary

Other expenses

$25, 000

$14,000

$400

This is a very rigorous study that requires participation over a long period. A large incentive will assist in achieving adequate participation and response to this study. Having large incentive for participants is critical for the necessary participation rates.

The study… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Perception of Objects in Infants.  (2013, October 29).  Retrieved March 23, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/perception-objects-infants/6314050

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"Perception of Objects in Infants."  Essaytown.com.  October 29, 2013.  Accessed March 23, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/perception-objects-infants/6314050.