Perceptions of Interlink Language Center Students Literature Review

Pages: 3 (1381 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 10  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Teaching

¶ … perceptions of Interlink Language Center students towards explicit and implicit grammar teaching and the implications for the most effective grammar teaching strategy for students. It is the opinion of the author that the decision whether or not to teach the subject of grammar as an extracted focus of ELT/ESL (English Language Teaching) (English as a Second Language) or passively as an inductive, integrated topic depends upon the class that one is teaching depends upon the theoretical approach that one takes to the subject matter. In other words, with the evidence to date both explicit and implicit approaches have validity and effect upon the teaching of language skills to students.


Criterion a-Pro-IntrinsicDownload full Download Microsoft Word File
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TOPIC: Literature Review on Perceptions of Interlink Language Center Students Towards Assignment

The first set of articles will examine a pro-intrinsic position. In Larry Lynch's article on the subject, it certainly appears that if we follow the theoretical trail blazed by the likes of Boas, Jespersen and Chomsky, the intrinsic approach is simply the best way to go. This is due to there being two ways to learn languages, that is, acquisition and learning. Essentially, acquisition is "picking up" the language by "ear" and learning is picking it up by "knowing the rules. " the student's native language/languages (if the person grows up in a bilingual home) are picked up via acquisition while subsequent languages are by learning the grammar explicitly. While ideally, they should learn a language by immersion to mimic the effects of youthful ability to easily learn, this is not completely possible. As Lynch points out, not everything about languages and grammar is logical. Some things simply require rot memorization, especially irregular rules (Lynch).. However, the "open source code" as this approach was called in the introduction needs basic programming before it can be used to pick up languages and the more programming, the better. In the European Journal of Psychology of Education Silvia Gasparini published a study that countered explicit models that were based upon the transmission of formal grammatical rules. This was done by the consideration of informal behavior as the basis of learning and . Secondly, the author found that implicit learning evidence helped to build efficient learning environments by the indication of minimally invasive educational tools to help learners initial manipulation of the linguistic data. Reflection and intention which are part of explicit thinking are activated later (Gasparini 203-204). In a study published at the 26th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society in 2004, the authors used e-mail texts written by students of known personality types. The stratified corpus of comparison of texts made use of n-gram-based techniques from statistical natural language processing. This was compared to relative frequencies of the use of parts-of-speech. Implicitness effects were found and neuroticism appeared to have a clearer impact than extraversion upon implicit language acquisition (Oberlander, and Gill 1038 -- 1039).

Finally, in a journal article in Speech Communication, the authors tested ideas about universality and time course of vocal emotion processing with fifty English student listeners. They performed an emotional priming task in order to determine whether they implicitly recognized the emotional meanings of prosody (intonation) when exposed to a foreign language. The results indicated that English listeners automatically detected the emotional significance of the prosody when expressed in the foreign language. This would support implicit language acquisition (Pell, and Skorup 528 -- 529).

Criterion B-Neutral-Explicit or Implicit

What follows are a set of articles that seek to investigate the validity of both explicit and implicit methodology. This conversation is continued by Virginia Scott in her article in the French Review from 1990 where she details explicit and implicit methods of learning languages. She compares them side by side and finds that while the value of explicit training is clear, the jury is still out on implicit learning of language (Scott 783-785). In an article by Pazaver and Wang in the International Journal of Language Society and Culture indicates that it is not just important to study the actual results of explicit vs. implicit learning with regard to language acquisition. In the study, 16 students were interviewed in groups. The results shewed that while the students were from similar cultural and educational… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "Perceptions of Interlink Language Center Students" Literature Review in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Perceptions of Interlink Language Center Students.  (2012, February 20).  Retrieved September 26, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Perceptions of Interlink Language Center Students."  20 February 2012.  Web.  26 September 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Perceptions of Interlink Language Center Students."  February 20, 2012.  Accessed September 26, 2021.