Research Proposal: Person Centered Planning in People With Developmental Disabilities

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[. . .] The evidence provided by numerous studies on its effectiveness relies on desirability and commentaries of the method used. As such, activities such as active involvement of the necessary stakeholders are important in facilitating the realization of planning desirability and commentaries that lead to the efficiencies reported by studies (Mansell, 2006).

Evaluation of different studies on the effectiveness of person centered planning shows that activities such as providing individual planning, arranging for care management and collaborative approaches in care provision improves the lives of the disabled. From the evaluation done by Arscott, Dagnan, and Kroese, (1999), twenty-five percent of the participants who used individual centered plans reported a high level of improvement in their social lives (seventy-six percent). This was in terms of maintenance of social relationships, networking and engaging in social activities. Participants in care management reported sixty-eight percent satisfactions with person-centered planning and sixty-three percent of those involved in the collaborative care provision to people with developmental disabilities. Cumulatively, the evaluation showed that person centered planning has a positive impact on the life and health needs of people with developmental disabilities.

Person centered planning improves learning and learning outcomes among the physically disadvantaged. The model prioritizes the disabled. This results in the promotion of change among them as they engage in capacity building and social activities that influence their learning. Enhancement of the process that enables the disabled to assess a wider range of activities such as embracing collaborative learning thereby, improves learning outcomes. Through this, the disabled acquire the abilities to maximize the prevailing conditions (Bakken et al. 2008). Enhanced social relationships promote the development of positive relationships while social support structures influences the performance among the physically disabled individuals. The approaches of person centered planning ensures co-production that promote active involvement of the community and create an understanding of the different ways of measuring and evaluating the effectiveness of the instructions provided (Sanderson, & Lewis, 2012).

According to Goldsmith, Skirton, and Webb, (2008), person centered approaches enhances learning among students with developmental disabilities by providing a simulative learning environment that increases their motivation for learning. The approaches used to promote their inclusion in activities that contribute to the well-being of the society. Apart from this, the approach promotes the inclusion of the physically disadvantaged students in social networking and community building activities translating its effects to their capabilities to establish and maintain positive relationships. Consequently, this results in their greater satisfaction with the social activities and outcomes that improve their learning and life achievement (Thompson, & Kilbane, 2006).

Person centered planning approaches uses collaborative approaches that encourage a person centered thinking. This promotes social and individual change because of the acquisition of insights on the factors that influence the life outcomes of the people living with developmental disabilities (McMillan, 2004). As stated by Mansell, & Beadle-Brown, (2004), person centered planning promotes the creation of a framework that creates avenues for effective establishment of relationships and social networks for the disabled. This makes the disabled and services providers feeling appreciated. It also motivates them to seek alternative solutions for improving their services and maximizing the prevailing opportunities for satisfactory life outcomes.

However, it is appreciable that the success of a person centered planning is highly dependent on the strategies employed. Activities such as creating awareness among the community members and their active involvement form the main ingredients of ensuring the success. As a result, it is recommended that the stakeholders involved take into consideration the needs and demands of the disabled and the community to achieve the desired planning goals and objectives (Stankiewicz & Beaudet, 2007).

Benefits of the person centered planning

While the above analysis has shown the various ways where the person-centered approach improves an individual's life, the impacts vary significantly across the different domains of the disabled quality of life (Bradshaw, 2001). Research shows that the nature of the benefits witnessed relies on the ways in which variables such as involvement, collaboration, and social networking used in the planning process. The variance in the results from these researches implies the need for studies to determine the sources of weaknesses and policy improvements required to ensure sustainability and promotion of health among the disabled. Person-centered planning enables the service providers to collect utilizable resources for improving the outcomes of the disabled people in the society. The plan does not ignore the effects of disability, but in turn shifts the emphasis on searching for capacity from those of help in the society for the disabled (Robertson et al., 2006).

The models used in person-centered approach empowers and encourages people to make decisions independently while seeking support from friends and family to help them attain the set goals. This strengthens the relationship between groups and facilitates sharing of ideas on ways of improving the care provided to the disabled. Ultimately, this results in the empowerment through the provision of opportunities to take control over their lives. The approaches used often empower individuals with the disability. This is attributable to the effectiveness of approaches such as lifestyle planning, action planning, and individual service planning that promote process thinking, which makes the disabled feel appreciated in the society (Sanderson, Thompson, & Kilbane, 2006).

Providing person-centered planning implies treating other people in the society with respect and dignity. This contributes to their empowerment as they receive support required for setting and realizing their personal goals. It is appreciable that person centered planning recognizes that the disabled have the right to make sound choices, and become responsible for their actions and risks. As a result, this builds on their strengths, skills, talents, and their contributions in developing desired strategies for ensuring the realization of their unique goals and strategies. Families involved in the provision of person centered care report that person centered tools such as the person centered thinking helps them build their thinking capacities. This helps them develop plans used for accessing services and support for the disabled (Robertson et al., 2006).

In addition, research conducted among the families, providing patient centered care end up developing effective communication skills important for expressing themselves to other professionals. The collaborative approaches used are helpful in building confidence needed for taking initiatives, risks, and uncertainties in their day-to-day living. Sociological analysis reveals that the approach provides community members with the desired skills of providing care for the disabled. Involvement of the society members in taking action in developing strategies of the person planning equips them with the desired knowledge and contributes to their empowerment. This ensures sustainability of the designed programs aimed at helping the disabled meet their goals and feel part of the society (Holburn, 2002).

People with development disabilities can benefit immensely from the person-centered planning. It provides them with the abilities to have control over the decisions of their lives. Efforts such as engaging them in social activities and providing them with responsibility in their actions provide them with abilities to control their lives. The approach provides the disabled with opportunities to express themselves in the society. This provides them with hope in life as they get opportunities to be heard and their needs valued (Goldsmith, Skirton, & Webb, 2008).

Analysis of the long-term benefits of the person centered planning show that it builds confidence among the disabled and enhances their access to the available resources. Research conducted by Rutter (2005) evaluated the perceived benefits of personal planning. Results revealed that seventy-eight percent of the 123 people with disability reported enhanced self-confidence, improved access to community resources, and protection of their human rights. The same study showed that seventy-two percent of the participants reported improved social well-being in terms of social networking, establishing and maintaining relationships, increased total hours in engaging in social work and improved access to and utilization of the community resources.

A study conducted to determine the incidences of mental health related illnesses among the disadvantaged individuals provided with person-centered care revealed a significant effect of the approach. The study found out that people with disabilities lacking the person-centered care were three times at a risk of developing mental-related illnesses at one point of their lifetime unlike those using the approach. In specific, individuals who do not receive person-centered care have a high risk of depression, anxiety, substance abuse, and committing suicide. Among the factors identified to be contributing to the mental problems, include social isolation, rejection, violation of their rights, and lack of access to community resources (Bradshaw, 2001).

When person centered planning is applied in an organization, it establishes and sustains the organizational culture rooted in the principles of community and family involvement, collaborative decision-making, and protection of the rights of the disabled in the society. If the organization engages in the provision of person centered planning, it will create an effective environment that supports the members of the community, who will in turn support the disabled in facilitating realize their diverse life needs. Modeling the person centered strategies… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Person Centered Planning in People With Developmental Disabilities.  (2014, March 9).  Retrieved June 24, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/person-centered-planning-people-developmental/3443118

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"Person Centered Planning in People With Developmental Disabilities."  9 March 2014.  Web.  24 June 2019. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/person-centered-planning-people-developmental/3443118>.

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"Person Centered Planning in People With Developmental Disabilities."  Essaytown.com.  March 9, 2014.  Accessed June 24, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/person-centered-planning-people-developmental/3443118.