Term Paper: Personal Theory Self-Exploration

Pages: 7 (2288 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 7  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Psychology  ·  Buy This Paper


[. . .] The former refers to internal satisfaction and contentment over doing something, whereas the latter depends upon some outside reward. People usually change because of intrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation comes from inside. It enables a person to do something he or she enjoys doing e.g. A painter or a musician is at his best when is motivated internally. Material rewards cannot motivate a person to such extent. Intrinsic motivation gets the best out of a person triggering his creative instincts. On the other hand, extrinsic rewards can boost a person's motivation to do an unpleasant job, but it cannot maximize performance to its best. People are usually petrified of change because they have fear of unknown. In situations, where people can seek intrinsic and extrinsic rewards during or after the change process, they are less reluctant to embrace change.

Needs refer to a man's basic necessities, i.e. food, shelter, clothing. Since, they are possessed by every human being from birth, needs do not vary from person to person. Conversely, goals are derived from surroundings, environment and circumstances of a person; therefore, they are different for everyone. For instance, a person might have a goal to go to college, whereas another person's goal could be to build a house. Needs and goals are not equal important motivators. The reason is a person experiences needs at the very first stage of motivation. After having attained the basic needs, he moves up the ladder to accomplish his goals. A man can go up to any length to satisfy his needs. However, he can also suppress his goals.

Normal personality development is a process, where a person receives all the physical care and attention from his childhood. Mental development is the most important part of personality. It is easier to cope with physical ailments then mental diseases. Both physical and mental aspects of personality are interdependent in personality development. Several cases have shown how mental troubles led to physical problems. Similarly, physical diseases often lead to mental disorders like depression and anxiety. Coming towards the challenge of disordered and disturbed minds, it doesn't necessarily mean that challenging behavior arises from mental illness, rather it can be possessed by people who have no mental illness. The cure to irrational or challenging behavior of such individuals is personal attention, love and catharsis. However, in cases of prolonged mental illness due to childhood traumas or abuse, professional help of psychiatrist is indispensable.

There is no such thing as ideal personality. Every person has a set of both positive as well as negative personality traits. However, a person can always improve or degrade his personality through modifying his behavior and attitude.


Therapeutic process is healing of mind's wounds through psychiatric therapies. The most significant part of therapeutic process is counseling. Mental problems of disturbed minds are initially cured through diagnosis of problem area. A therapist determines the discrepancies in patient's emotional beliefs and values, and tries to amend the irrational or abnormal attitudes through counseling. Counseling plays a significant role in a person's growth and development by making him aware of his irrational attitudes and distorted behavior. People who go through the process of counseling can turn their life upside down and bring tremendous improvements.

Professional psychiatrists and psychologists who have ample knowledge about the functionality and complexity of human mind are supposed to set and renew the standards of counseling and therapeutic process. The primary attention of counseling should remain focused on human past experiences, current concerns and future goals, since they determine his feelings, thoughts, or actions, and ultimately constitute the whole personality. Counseling is a major ingredient of psychiatric therapy without which a patient cannot share his problems. Internal satisfaction is vital for a normal person, without which he cannot adjust or adapt to social standards in the first place.

The most inspiring theory in the field of philosophy is idealism as proposed by Plato. Wayne Dyer reinforces Plato's theory that a man creates his own reality. Human mind can overcome the most severe of problems through seeking refuge in spirituality. No medicine or treatment can ensure healing unless a person does not have the urge and willingness to fight the traumas he is facing.


Dyer, W.W. (1995). Your Sacred Self: Makin the Decision to be Free. HarperCollins Publishers.

Eccles, J.S. & Wigfield, A. (2002). Motivational Beliefs, Values and Goals. Annual Review of Psychology. Vol 53, 109-132. The H.W Wilson Company.

Maslow, A.H. (1987). Motivation and Personality. HaperCollins Publishers.

Pasnau, R. (2011). Philosophy of Mind and Human Nature. Epistemology of Life and Human Nature. 348-368.

The Center for Economic Performance's Mental Health Policy Group- London School of Economics and Political Science (2012). How Mental… [END OF PREVIEW]

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