Personality Disorders Each Individual Has His Own Term Paper

Pages: 4 (1338 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Psychology

Personality Disorders

Each individual has his own personality type. Many of the personality traits that we have are acquired genetically from our parents. It is common for a person to be outgoing or a bit reserved. These types of personalities are considered normal and as such, may not attract much attention. However, there are certain types of personalities that are considered mental disorders and affect a certain percentage of the population. Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD), Histrionic Personality Disorder (HPD), and Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) are three types of personality disorders that are different, yet they all have some similarities. This paper will compare and contrast these three disorders to give a better understanding of each and how they relate to one another.

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Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) usually begins in early childhood. Persons with this type of disorder do not interact well with others. They generally have an attitude of not caring about anything or anyone. According to Taylor and Iacono, (ASPD) affects approximately 4.5% of the population and is a persistent behavior. They state that children with conduct disorders (CD) generally don't develop into adults with (ASPD) because antisocial behavior can be caused by cognitive and biological factors as well as social pressure (2007). Individuals having this personality disorder are sometimes considered sociopaths. They sometimes get into trouble with the law and can be known to abuse alcohol and drugs.

Term Paper on Personality Disorders Each Individual Has His Own Assignment

Individuals with the Histrionic Personality Disorder (HPD) appear to be the exact opposite of those with (ASPD). These individuals are somewhat eccentric and artistic and they thrive on the attention from others. Sometimes, in order to gain the attention of others, these individuals display inappropriate sexual behavior. They can be extremely emotional and very dramatic. Women are most diagnosed with the type of personality disorder. Anais Nin, the famous author was considered to have (HPD). Although she was a gifted writer, her personal life was a mess. She was known to have multiple affairs while married and even married another man fifteen years her junior while still married to her husband. She also had an incestuous relationship with her father. Nin's personal diaries were published while the author was still alive chronicling her many extra marital affairs (Kehagia 2009). Many people do not brag or publish such private things about their lives, but a person with (HPD) would do so, much like Nin for the attention that it garners.

Most of us know exactly what a narcissist is and at some point in our lives have had contact with this type of personality through work or through various other settings. People with the Narcissist Personality Disorder think only of themselves. In other words, it is all about them. They have huge egos and are very selfish. Some believe that a bit of narcissism is healthy, but people with (NPD) are the extreme. Individuals with (NPD) have a tendency to want to control other people or situations and are concerned only with their needs and how they can benefit instead of caring about others and their concerns. Given all of these traits, there are some who believe that the narcissist would make an excellent leader because this type of person can be very charismatic. This can be widely disputed since Adolph Hitler and Saddam Hussein could both be considered narcissists, yet few considered these men as great leaders. Leaders with (NPD) often have poor relationships with their subordinates because their style of management can be interpreted as abusive at times (Rosenthal and Pittinsky 2006).

Based on the descriptions of these three personalities, all three appear to be unalike. The antisocial person shuts himself off from the world, is secretive and fears closeness. The histrionic, on the other hand craves attention and all of the focus to be on him. The narcissist is self absorbed, grandiose and thinks only of himself. Three different personalities, yet if we scratch the surface we see that one main trait that all three personality disorders have in common is that they lack self-esteem. Low self-esteem… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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