Personality Theory Term Paper

Pages: 6 (2389 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 17  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: Master's  ·  Topic: Psychology

In a way the domains of individual differences which have similar surface manifestations are differentiated by the Big Five. Although it has only just started that we have begun to explicate the processes and structures which are underlying them. "Explication in explanatory and mechanistic terms will change the definition and assessment of the Big Five dimensions as we know them today" (as cited in John and Srivastava, 1990, p. 44).

Describe, compare and contrast the Big Five factors and the Big Three factors; the areas of experience, behavior and life that have been found to be related to each; and what relationships have been found in these areas.

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Like its name, there are three broad superfactors whose importance is emphasized on in the Big Three model. These 3 superfactors are known as "neuroticism/negative emotionality" (N/NE) (John et al., 2008 Chapter 9, p. 268), "extraversion/positive emotionality" (E/PE) (John et al., 2008 Chapter 9, p. 268), and "disinhibition vs. constraint" (DvC) (John et al., 2008 Chapter 9, p. 268). The nested trait structure is defined by the Big Three and Big Five models. The Big Five model was developed originally in attempts to comprehend the trait descriptors of natural language (John & Srivastava, 1999). There are 5 broad factors that have been revealed by these extensive structural analyses. These factors are extraversion (or surgency), neuroticism (vs. emotional stability), agreeableness (vs. antagonism), conscientiousness (or dependability), and openness to experience (or imagination, intellect, or culture). Remarkable robustness has been shown by this structure as, in both the peer and self-ratings these 5 factors have emerged (e.g., McCrae & Costa, 1987), and in a wide range of cultures and languages cultures, and adults and children and adults (as cited in John et al., 2008 Chapter 9, p. 268).

Term Paper on Personality Theory Describe and Discuss Assignment

It has been seen from some data that a differentiated and expanded version of Big Three is represented by these 5 factors. It has been seen that the DvC dimension of the Big Three is a complicated combination of (low) conscientiousness and agreeableness which means that the dis-inhibited individuals are more prone to be reckless, impulsive, manipulative, deceitful, uncooperative and carefree. "Taken together, these data indicate that one can transform the Big Three into the Big Five by (1) decomposing the DvC dimension into component traits of conscientiousness and agreeableness and (2) including the additional dimension of openness" (as cited in John et al., 2008 Chapter 9, p. 270).


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