Pharmacy Career Info Term Paper

Pages: 5 (1361 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 6  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Medicine

SAMPLE EXCERPT . . .
RFID places electromagnetic chips and tags containing a unique serial number onto cartons and individual drug products.

Stricter licensing requirements. The FDA and the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy are revising state rules for licensure of wholesale drug distributors to make it more difficult for illegitimate wholesalers to get into business.

Tougher penalties. The task force found that penalties for counterfeiting drugs are substantially less than for other counterfeiting such as that for registered trademarks. Counterfeiting a prescription drug label with a registered trademark is punishable by up to ten years in prison, and the drug itself, three years.

More secure business practices. Effective protection requires everyone in the drug supply chain to adopt safe practices and refuse doing business with unknown people. The FDA also intends to increase inspections of repackagers with procedures placing them at increased risk for the introduction of counterfeit drugs.

Increased education. The FDA will increase counterfeiting education for consumers and health professionals and develop educational materials, partner with organizations, and deliver public service announcements and releases.

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International collaboration. The FDA does not have legal authority to assure the safety of international drugs. It intends to work with organizations such as the World Health Organization and Interpol on global strategies.

Improved reporting systems. Procedures should quickly alert the public of problem drugs. Last year, the pharmaceutical industry agreed to notify the FDA's Office of Criminal Investigations of suspected counterfeiting within five working days. FDA also created a Counterfeit Alert Network.

Term Paper on Pharmacy Career Info. As if Assignment

Based on this report and other factors, many pharmaceutical companies have recently instituted radio frequency identification (RFID) program, where each bottle has a tag attached to it that keeps track of the drugs from the manufacturing plant to consumer distribution. This is a very similar technology that is used RFID technology is not new: Drivers already use it to beep their way through tollbooths, and veterinarians embed chips containing individualized information in dogs and cats for easy identification by a scanner-wielding shelter worker should the pet become lost. The chip communicates with scanners posted at warehouse doors. A product's retail price and the ease of stealing it will likely determine which products are eventually tagged: An item that is both easily stolen and commands a high-enough profit margin is more likely to warrant the cost of a tag.

For example, in November of this year, the manufacturers of the impotency drug Viagra and the painkiller OxyContin said they will add radio transmitters to bottles of their pills to fight counterfeiting (Medical Devices, p. 289.) If a police officer catches someone with a couple of bottles, we can trace them back to the pharmacy from where they were stolen.

In 2002, the Auto-ID centre, a partnership between academic researchers and a business based in Cambridge, Massachusetts, developed the standard for a new, stripped-down RFID chip that stores just 96 bits of information -- enough to give every object in the world a unique number. With tag readers plugged into a computer network, this number can be used to look up detailed information about the object, such as origin, age and expiry date. Although the RFID technology for pharmaceuticals is still primarily in the testing stages, the program is going much smoother than expected.

One of the firms making chips for the drug companies can assemble 2m chips a month. By the end of this year, it will have a second-generation line, able to assemble 2 billion chips a year. By 2006, it plans to introduce two third-generation production lines, each able to assemble ten billion chips a year.

References Cited

Drug Store News (2004) "Operations excellence is obsession that delivers reliability and service." 26 (9), 32-34

FDA Consumer ( 2004) "Protecting consumers from counterfeit drugs." 38 (3), 12-14.

Kirsche, M.L. (2004) "Counterfeit drugs from Mexico dupe cross-border bargain hunters." Store News 26(10), 6-7.

Genuario, L. (2004) "Pharmaceutical labeling: driven mainly by brand protection concerns and regulations, pharmaceutical labels are becoming ever more sophisticated." Label &… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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