Philippines Economics of Developing Countries Essay

Pages: 2 (825 words)  ·  Style: APA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 2  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Transportation - Environmental Issues

Philippines

Economics of developing countries

The Philippines: Sustainability in the 21st century

One of the most common criticisms of the green movement's philosophy of sustainable development is that it unfairly penalizes poorer countries. It forces them to adopt environmentally friendly practices that are counterproductive to their expansion while the world's most powerful nations continue to prosper. As the 28th poorest nation, on a list of the world's 94 poorest developing nations, the Philippines would seem to have ample reason to use this as an excuse to not practice sustainable efforts (Tarradell 2004, p.1). However, the Philippine nation has tried not to use the fact that its economy is 'a work in progress' to justify unsustainable practices. In 1996, the government passed Philippine Agenda 21: A National Agenda for Sustainable Development for the 21st Century. PA 21 set an agenda for social reform based upon an "ecosystem-based and people-centered approach… the key concepts of integration, multi-stakeholdership and consensus building" (Tarradell 2004, p.4).

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The plan has ambitious goals, such as maintaining the forest in a sustainable manner, promoting indigenous knowledge and technologies to improve the environment, and the creation of a National Land Use Policy (Tarradell 2004, p.5). To improve the nation's utilization of natural resources in 1999 the framework was reformulated "considering the impact of population growth on the ability of the government to provide services, on productivity, and on environmental resources" (Tarradell 2004, p.7). Simply put, the larger the family size, the higher the incidence of poverty and the higher the rate of population growth, the greater the drain on the environment overall (Orbeta 2003, p.8).

TOPIC: Essay on Philippines Economics of Developing Countries the Philippines: Assignment

The Philippines has manifested a slow fertility decline; much slower than most countries in its region. It has also remained average in its rates of mortality. There is a projected and continued high population growth, resulting in more social service demands -- creating a "demographic onus" rather than the "demographic bonus" enjoyed by other East Asian countries (Orbeta 2003, p.6). Poverty alleviation has been modest and mainly concentrated in urban areas. For the nation as a whole the number of poor increased from 4.6 million in 1985 to 5.14 million in 2000 (Orbeta 2003, p.7). "Demographic changes (decline in population growth, fertility, mortality and changing age distribution) have sizeable impacts on economic growth" and "account for about half of recorded economic growth in Southeast Asia, one third in East Asia" (Orbeta 2003, p.8). Access to family planning remains problematic in the Philippines, and government instability in… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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