Philosophy Essay

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Philosophy is a broad science and it is normally used as an umbrella term for comprehensive body of studies. It is usually used for the study of inordinate concepts such as ethics, logic and aesthetics. But it also goes beyond these to study religion, social values, political theories etc. For many decades even psychology was considered a part of philosophy but not anymore. Every science involves philosophical problems, but the above-mentioned subjects all raise, in one form or another, the problem of values and thus start metaphysical questions of central import.

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Thus metaphysics is the clearing house for all fundamental philosophical problems. It is the comprehensive discipline in which all philosophical issues and theories converge. Indeed, inasmuch as the special sciences, such as physics, biology, psychology, and sociology, set out from unexamined dogmatic assumptions and issue, severally, in various uncoordinated results which require synthesis, in order to yield a consistent world view, to metaphysics belongs the twofold task of critically examining the primary assumptions of the sciences and of synthesizing their conclusions into a harmonious whole. As a critical inquiry into the validity, scope and interrelations of the respective fundamental assumptions and conclusions of the special sciences, metaphysics is the criticism of the categories, that is, of the chief concepts which man uses in the ordering and mastering of experience. But as widely accepted this branch might have been, it has also faced criticism from famous names such as Kant and Voltaire. Many felt that metaphysics was not to be given the kind of attention that it had come to garner. (Walsh, 1963, p 13)

However metaphysics remains an important branch of study and continues to occupy a significant place in the world of philosophy.

Essay on Philosophy Is a One of Assignment

Philosophy is a vast field which also means that there will be as many differing views about what philosophical thought is and what is not. Stephen Stich has introduced a new dimension to the philosophical discourse by focusing on the reasons why there is low representation of women in the club exclusively catering to philosophers. He believes that there is a possibility that women do not have the same intuitions about certain philosophical queries as men and while this needs further experiments for it to become a fact, it is an interesting way of expanding on 'what is philosophy' discussion.

Some of the biggest names in the world of philosophy have given us useful fodder for future experimentation with intuition and philosophical questions. According to Socrates in Plato's Apology, wisdom was the main ingredient of philosophical and in turn was connected with justice. He felt that justice could only be exercised by men of wisdom and these men were people who admitted lack of knowledge where they should and do not claim to know more than they actually do.

"I am wiser than this man; it is likely that neither of us knows anything worthwhile, but he thinks he knows something when he does not, whereas when I do not know, neither do I think I know; so I am likely to be wiser than he to this small extent, that I do not think I know what I do not know." (A, p. 27)

Apart from philosophical intuitions being connected to gender somehow, some authors have felt a need to give philosophy a cultural context. Enrique Dussel argues that philosophy can never be actually precise unless it comes out of the clutches of the dominant culture. Every philosophical thought and query needs to be studied in cultural context instead of making one viewpoint universal simply because it originated from the dominant culture.

References

1. Edgar Sheffield Brightman, A Philosophy of Religion (New York: Prentice-Hall, 1940)

2 W.H. Walsh, Metaphysics (London: Hutchinson University Library, 1963)

3. Paul K. Moser, ed., The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002)

4. Enrique Dussel, Philosophy of Liberation.

5. Stephen Stich, Wesley Buckwalter. Gender and the Philosophy Club. TPM: The Philosophers' Magazine Issue 52

6. Apology by Plato… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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