Philosophy of Science Scientific Theories Term Paper

Pages: 6 (1655 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 7  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Black Studies - Philosophy


Science also challenges these convictions.

Some might also argue that scientific perspectives govern how we experience reality and thus make science without social acceptance impossible to be realistic. Science could not develop if new paradigms of the world that challenge existing social beliefs and acceptance were not proposed (Strauss, 2003). If paradigms did not question the realities as defined by society, "science would stagnate" (Strauss, 2003). Each member of the community is informed by tradition, and standards of ideas are typically handed down from generation to generation (Polyani, 1964, 52). Yet these very traditions need be challenged.


The Philosophy of Science according to Curd traditionally seeks to find rational conclusion and justification for activity, and allow for reconstruction of scientific theory logically (Curd, 1998). However, opponents of the traditional theory of science will argue that science is in effect rather what historically tends to happen within a community. Science as this paper has shown however, is in fact independent of social acceptance. Science is represented by theories which explain the manner in which realities present themselves. Science may be enforced by the general population but need not be. Science theory should be validated however via experimentation, however even when validated scientific theory may change, as supported by Popper and Kuhn.

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Kuhn suggests that science is a means to introduce logic and propose models for existence, or paradigms that represent groups of concepts and models as well as standards for existence (Curd, 1998). Reason and rationality cannot necessarily rest on belief and faith alone. Science is a characterization and challenge between social sets of belief (Strauss, 2003). Science can't be simply defined as a matter of persuasion, or as the result of popular socially accepted outcomes, but rather must be the defined by valid verification and through experimentation.


Curd, Martin. Cover, J.A. Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1998.

TOPIC: Term Paper on Philosophy of Science Scientific Theories Assignment

Strauss, James D. "The Heart of Postmodernism" Lincoln Christian Seminary, Lincoln: 2003. Available:

Jones, Roger. "Philosophy of Science." Retrieved November 16, 2003,

T.S. Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolution. University of Chicago Press, 1970.


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APA Style

Philosophy of Science Scientific Theories.  (2003, November 18).  Retrieved December 1, 2021, from

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"Philosophy of Science Scientific Theories."  18 November 2003.  Web.  1 December 2021. <>.

Chicago Style

"Philosophy of Science Scientific Theories."  November 18, 2003.  Accessed December 1, 2021.