Physiological and Behavior Effects on Drug Abuse Essay

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Chemical Dependency

Physiological Effects of Abused Drugs

The descriptions of the physiological effects of the most common drugs of abuse in the textbook seemed to go in order of severity, with alcohol leading the way. The main exception to this observation is marijuana, which seems to be a relatively safe drug when limited to recreational use. This cannot be said about alcohol, cocaine, amphetamines, sedatives, narcotics, or inhalants, which all carry the potential for severe consequences when an individual overdoses. Somewhere in between, in terms of recreational use, are the hallucinogens, in part because LSD can cause potentially dangerous flashbacks even after only one encounter with the drug.

By comparison, long-term regular use of all these drugs can have a devastating impact on the user's health. Alcohol not only damages the brain, but many other systems within the body, especially the liver. If one system could be universally declared to be affected by all of these drugs it is the nervous system. Paranoia, delusions, hallucinations, and tolerance, which can lead to the more devastating condition of dementia, is a frequent outcome for anyone who becomes chronically dependent on alcohol, marijuana, amphetamines, narcotics, inhalants, and sedatives. Psychosis, whether acute or long-term, is another common outcome for abusers of these drugs.Download full Download Microsoft Word File
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TOPIC: Essay on Physiological and Behavior Effects on Drug Abuse Assignment

Gastrointestinal health and adequate nutrition are other common concerns for alcoholics and chronic users of cocaine, narcotics, amphetamines, and hallucinogens. Alcohol acts as an irritant of the gastrointestinal tract and alcoholics can develop serious problems, including ulcers and intestinal bleeding. Opiates (narcotics) interact directly with receptors in the digestive system and one of the most common side effects is constipation. Other potential problems include ulcers and intestinal obstruction. Amphetamine/methamphetamine users can experience such an extreme energy boost that their body's energy reserves can become depleted and when engaging in a… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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