Piaget Harry James Potter Research Paper

Pages: 3 (883 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Children

SAMPLE EXCERPT . . .
Vygotsky and Bruner, both of whom also studied child development, noted that a stage theory is not as appropriate as a theory of developmental continuum (McLeod, 2009). The ages that Piaget ascribed to the stages might also be erroneous, and "progress to the formal operational stage is not guaranteed," (McLeod, 2009).

According to Cherry (n.d.), "even Piaget believed that development does not always follow such a smooth and predictable path," as would be assumed from over-simplification of Piaget's research. The research was more valuable in informing educators, psychologists, and parents that children think differently from their adult counterparts. Their methods of evaluating the world and assimilating new information are different from adults. As a result, educational programs and curricula could be designed in developmentally appropriate ways. Piaget himself did not develop educational practices, but Piaget's theories do inform current pedagogy. "Many educational programs are now built upon the belief that children should be taught at the level for which they are developmentally prepared," (Cherry, n.d.). Specific instructional methods such as "providing a supportive environment, utilizing social interactions and peer teaching, and helping children see fallacies and inconsistencies in their thinking" are also rooted in Piaget's theories (Cherry, n.d.).Get full Download Microsoft Word File access
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Piaget did not take into account as many situational variables as might be necessary to provide a complete picture of child development, and his sampe sizes are also critiqued for being too small to yield valid results (McLeod, 2009). Environmental factors such as social setting do have an impact on learning and development, but Piaget does not take these issues into account (Vygotsky, cited by McLeod, 2009). Moreover, culture and ethnicity may play a role in child development. Piaget did not mention culture and ethnicity in his research. Some researchers have criticized Piaget's methodologies for research, as by claiming that the methods involved ineffective testing instruments (McLeod, 2009). Piaget's schema concept has also been criticized, and is incompatible with other theories of developmental psychology including behaviorism (McLeod, 2009). Furthermore, Sutton-Smith (1966) points out, Piaget also assumed a reductionist view of children's play activities: "Piaget deprives play of any genuinely constitutive role within thought," (p. 104). It is therefore difficult to prove Piaget's theories, however attractive they may be from the perspective of an educator.

References

Cherry, K. (n.d.). Background and key concepts of Piaget's theory. About.com. Retrieved online: http://psychology.about.com/od/piagetstheory/a/keyconcepts.htm

McLeod, S. (2009). Jean Piaget. Simply Psychology. Retrieved online: http://www.simplypsychology.org/piaget.html

"Stage Theory of Cognitive Development (Piaget)" (n.d.). Learning Theories. Retrieved online: http://www.learning-theories.com/piagets-stage-theory-of-cognitive-development.html

Sutton-Smith, B. (1966). Piaget on play: A critique. Psychological Review 73(1): 104-110. [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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