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Picasso Pablo Picasso Was a Painter, Sculptor,Research Paper

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Picasso

Pablo Picasso was a painter, sculptor, ceramicist and stage designer who belonged to Spain but lived most of his life in France. He was one of the most influential and known artist of his age and had gone to achieve a lot of different things. Some of the most renowned achievements by Picasso include invention of the constructedsculpture; work on the collage, co founding the Cubist movement and introduction of various different styles of art. Seeing how his influence is appreciated worldwide, he is an interesting artist to look into in more detail. He was a man who made use of not one but several styles to blend in into his art work. His work was marvelous and people know his for the talent which he attained.

Pablo Picasso was born in the city of Malaga in Andalusia in Spain and he was the first child of the family. Both his mother and father were strictly Spanish which meant that Picasso was baptized to his family names of various relatives and saints. Picasso'sfather's name was Don Rose Ruiz y Belasco and his mother's name was Maria Picasso y Lopez. Picasso's father was a painter who had a thing for drawing anything related to nature. His passion however resided in naturalisticdrawings of birdsand other animals that are hunted. Most of his life, Ruiz was a teacher at the School of Crafts and a curator at the museum in town. Needless to say, Pablo Picasso belonged to a middle class family.

From the early years, Picasso had a thing for drawing. Since he was in his early years of life he began to portray the talent he had been gifted with. When kids learn to speak the rarest thing you would have a mother tell you is that her child's first words were pencil rather than something else. This shows how keen he was of art. He had this interested in visual things from his early days and he was not affair to go after what he liked. (Daix 5) Picasso had a very tight bond with his father Don Jose. Don Jose married really late about until he was forty and his marriage was quite arranged. Aftermarriage, the structure of his life change completely not because of his wife alone. His wife brought in her mother and two unmarried sisters that went on to rule the apartment life and have quite some control over Picasso's upbringing as well. Picasso opened his eyes surrounded by his mother, aunts and his grandmother. Even though Don Jose was very good in his work, he still felt quite detached from his family. He had the looks of quite the Englishman with blond hair and blue eyes. Oddly enough, his son Picasso did not resemble him at all. (Daix 5)

Picasso's relevance in the family became more pronounced when he became the only son of the family. After him, Picasso's mother only gave birth to two sisters: Lola and Conchita. Picasso himself opted to be called Picasso and not Ruiz. A major reason Picasso's interest developed in art and drawing was because of his father'sprofession. It is safe to assume that he not only inherited this gist to draw but developed it later only all due to this father's support.

In his early years, Picasso insisted that Don Jose provide him with the things that the average child didn't really consider crucial, but Picasso did. These things included brushes and drawing utensils. Even though Picasso was not a very good student from the beginning, he did show a lot of interest in Art. According to legend and relatives that have written down his life story in detail state that the first words of the child were "piz" This actually means pencil in Spanish. This showed that Picasso had the love for Art at a very small age. As mentioned before, Picasso's father was the reason he became so inspired by art. His father taught him how to draw and paint and by the time Picasso was 13, his work was better than his father's. Because he was so good in art, he lost all interest in school work and didn'teven used to spend time in school. He became notorious for doodling his notebook and not being a good student.

In 1985, Picasso applied to the city's mosteligible school of art when the family moved to Barcelona. The school had a strict policy to not accept students up until a certain age. However, seeing Picasso's work, they were very impressed and they took him in. Even though the school was quite extra ordinary, Picasso had a hard time following the strict guidelines of art and was always found roaming streets and sketching on his own. Sometime later when Picasso went to Madrid to attend the Royal Academy of San Fernando, he still faced the same problem. When in Madrid, he even wrote to his friend saying that the teachers and the school go on and repeat the same old stuff.

Around 1899, Picasso moved back to Barcelona and started mingling with a bunch of intellectuals and artist. These people made a headquarter in a cafe where they all used to meet and discuss their radical and rebellious ideas. In the meetings with the anarchists and rebellious artist, Picasso decided to break through the norms and traditions of art and start his journey of innovation and experimentation.

Around the twentieth century, Picasso moved to Paris and decided to make his own studio. Due to his vast input and efforts in the world of Art, Picasso's entire Art carrier has been divided into periods with the first one being known as the Blue Period. This period last around 1901-1904 and is known Blue period due to the color being very prominent in most of his paintings.

This was a rather depressed and lonely time in the artist's life has he close friend, Carlos Casagemas had passed away. Depressed over his death, Picasso resorted to making scenes of poverty, anguish and isolation with the color green and blue being quite prominent in his paintings. The most famous paintings from this ear include the old Guitarist, Blue Nude and La Vieand which were all completed in 1903. Within two years, the artist had overcome his depression and fell in love with a very gorgeous model named Fernande Olivier.

This affair was basically initiated due to the generous involvement of the dealer Ambrois Vollard. Fernande Olivier was basically a bohemian artist and she met Picasso in middle of storm. She is quite prominent in some of his paintings during the Rose period. Due to this love and Picasso overcoming depression, the tone and the colors of his paintings were changed quite a bit. In this period, he started using colors like reds, pinks and beiges. Due to this reason, the period was known as the Rose period. The most famous paintings of the time include Family at Saltimbanques, Two nudes and Gertrude Stein.

In 1907, Picasso went off to make a painting that changed the world of art before. This work known as the Les Demoiselles d'Avignonwas basically adepiction of five different figures that were abstracted and distorted. These figures which were actually prostitutes that were distorted with geometric figures and dark blotches of grays, blues and greens. This painting then went onto give a prelude for the cubism style ofpainting that was introduced by Pablo Picasso and Geroges Braque.

Cubism

Before we get into more details of cubism, it should be noted that many contemporary critics and writers solely knowledge Picassa as being the founder of the cubism movement.In cubism, paintings are basically broken apart and are re assembled into a certain form. From the year 1909 till 1912 was the period referred to as analytical cubism which is Picasso's style of painting developed in collaboration with Georges Braque in which they made use of neutral as well as monochrome brown tones. What Picasso and Braque did in this style was that they took objects away from each other and subsequently analyzed then with reference to the shapes they were in. The paintings of these artists had quite a few similarities. Later in the year 1912-1919 additional advancement took place referred to as Synthetic cubism in which the paper fragments were cut. They then made out compositions and pasted them.

Most of the writers and critiques do go on to credit Picasso as being the pioneer of cubism paintings. (Golding 21) This avant-farde movement later had many contributions by Robert Delaunay and many other artists. Cubism basically altered the way European sculptures and painting was made. It was inspired by literature, architecture and music. Cubism went on to be so popular that it has been termed as the most influentialmovement in the 20th century. Cubism basically allowed artists to representtheir work in different angles. Gone were the days where they merely painted what they saw. With cubism, artists had to pay special attention to the angle, light and the direction… [END OF PREVIEW]

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