Research Paper: Picture Yourself as a Member

Pages: 6 (2328 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 8  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Government  ·  Buy This Paper

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[. . .] The Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court, and the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation may be involved in initiating and passing the bill as long as the bill touches upon their specific concerns

The draft law is introduced in the State Duma -- Exceptions to this case include bills that deal with money and taxes, such as introducing or abolishing them. Related bills include state loans, amending financial obligations of the state, or providing for expenditure that is covered from the federal budget. These can be only introduced in the Duma with a covering letter from the Government of the Russian Federation.

passing of draft law by the Federation Assembly -- The Duma can only pass Federal laws and then only if a majority of the deputies vote for them. The State Duma is given five days to hand the bill to the Federation Council for review. The bill passes if the Federation Council cannot decide within 14 days or if more than half of the deputies of the Federation Council vote for the bill. Any bill that is rejected by the Council may be renegotiated by a conciliatory commission set up for that purpose. The State Duma then reviews it. The State Duma can also override the rejection of the Federation Council if more than two thirds of the total number of deputies to the State Duma has voted for the bill.

Presidential approval and publication - The Federation Council sends the bill within 5 -- 14 days to the Russian President for signing and publicizing which he does within 14 days. If the President rejects the bill, it will return to the State Duma and the Federation Council for review. However, the President will be compelled to sign bill within the duration of seven days if at least two-thirds of the deputies of the Federation Council and the State Duma have approved it.

The entire process, therefore, of passing and approving the bill is far smoother and easier for a legislator who belongs to the Duma than for one who belongs to the British HOC. There are is only one House involved here and the process is more direct and possesses fewer requirements.

On the other hand, parliament's foreign policy powers are far more limited and were I a legislator who wished to pass a bill connected to foreign policy, I would be disallowed to do so. The State Duma has the full responsibility for adopting laws on foreign policy, but the legislative branch is not, and cannot, be involved in any specific foreign policy duties. Rather, it is the Federation Council according to the Constitution of Russia (modified in 1993) that is involved with passing decisions on war and peace, deciding on domestic troops abroad, and deliberating on ratification and denunciation of treaties and pacts.

Conclusion

My career as legislator would be both abetted and hindered in either the British HOC or the Duma. In the former, I would have greater liberty and scope in introducing, initiating, and promulgating several of my bills. On the other hand, some (such as Private Bills (and Private Group bills) may be excluded from consideration whilst the tedious and lengthy process hinders me with others.

As regards the Duma, on the other hand, the reverse is the case: the process is far more expedient assisting me in my role, but I am hindered from introducing and being involved in foreign policy decisions. My involvement too in other bills is less extensive and more limited than it would be were I to belong to the British HOC.

As backbencher to either parliament, I would like to see changes in both areas. In the one, I would like to simplify and de-convolute the process. In the other, I would likely o extend the rights and powers of legislators to include absorption of matters partition to foreign policy. I would also like to include the same democratic policy that the British Parliament has, namely giving the public the right of reviewing and assessing the bill before Government passes it.

References

BBC Guide to the European Parliament Web

http://news.bbc.co.uk/democracylive/hi/guides/newsid_8126000/8126903.stm

The Constitution of the Russian Federation Web

http://www.constitution.ru/en/10003000-01.htm

Raphael, D.D., Donald Limon, & W.R. McKay. Parliamentary Practice, 23rd ed. London: Butterworths Tolley, 2004

FindLaw UK How Laws are Passed in Parliament Web

http://www.findlaw.co.uk/law/government/constitutional_law/citizens_guide_to_parliament/8690.html

History Learning Site How laws are made in Great Britain Web http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/how_laws_are_made_in_great_brita.htm

Pearson Ed. Chapter 2 Law making. Web http://catalogue.pearsoned.co.uk/assets/hip/gb/uploads/M02_RICH4196_10_SE_C02.pdf

Monagabay.com Russia-Legislative Powers Web

http://www.mongabay.com/history/russia/russia-legislative_powers.html

Www.Parliament.uk Bills & legislation Web

http://www.parliament.uk/business/bills-and-legislation/ [END OF PREVIEW]

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Picture Yourself as a Member.  (2012, November 6).  Retrieved May 21, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/picture-yourself-member/7584867

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"Picture Yourself as a Member."  Essaytown.com.  November 6, 2012.  Accessed May 21, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/picture-yourself-member/7584867.