Plastic Surgery Term Paper

Pages: 10 (2607 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 22  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Health - Nursing

According to Plastic Surgery Network online,

The great thing about plastic surgery is that the benefits can be both physical and emotional, both external and internal.

Proving that plastic surgery is beneficial to both the external and internal human aspects, Plastic Surgery Network has similarly suggested the following benefits of plastic surgery.

Whether a person opts to have surgery on their face, hips, breasts or thighs the aim is to sculpt the body in a way that looks natural.

The result often allows people to look more like they feel like they should look.

The physical result of plastic surgery often produces a healthier look and often people who undergo surgery see this healthy look permeate their entire lifestyle.

Surgery often allows these people to finally feel like they fit in with people around them instead of sticking out because of the shape of their body or because of their facial features.

Many people find that they are more outgoing, personable and confident when they become accustomed to their transformation and this heightened sense of self-esteem can be a benefit that lasts a lifetime.

In considering one type of plastic surgery, such as the breast implants, several researches and studies indicate how the surgical procedures implemented due to breast cancer can cause negative psychological effects to patients. Harcourt and Rumsey (2000) indicates that

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Around 50% of women undergoing mastectomy or lumpectomy suffer clinical high levels of anxiety and depression prior to surgery and almost one-third still report psychological problems 1 year later.

Term Paper on Plastic Surgery Is Among the Assignment

This kind of problem was reduced and minimized when plastic surgery, specifically breast implants, was developed. This is because patients can live back their normal life with new breasts despite of the fact that they are artificial. The important thing is that returning back the normal look of their body can reduce, minimize, and remove the psychological problems caused by seeing missing breasts or seeing wounds and scars that were left by the breast cancer disease.

Similar case is considered for facelifts, another form of plastic surgery. Facelifts can be helpful in restoring back the original appearance of one's face that encountered an accident that may have damaged the skin. As with the wounds and scars left by the accident, which can cause psychological and emotional problems to the patient, such as loss of self-esteem and shyness, facelifts that restores back the original appearance of one's face can similarly restore the patient's outlook in life.

Women's/Society's Perspective on Plastic Surgery

These days, the idea of beautifying one's physical appearance, or forming one's body into a perfect shape, is widespread in our current society of perfectionism and obsession to beauty. There are different ways where this can be achieved and one of which is plastic surgery. But, the perceptions concerning plastic surgery differ between women and the society, or between individuals who have different perspective on the purposes of plastic surgery.

It is a common situation that when one speaks of plastic surgery, the society has an immediate perception of equating it into vanity. However, it must be noted that plastic surgery is not only for changing or improving our appearances and looks. There are other more important reasons why plastic surgery was invented and developed. And, to most women, plastic surgery such as breast implants and facelifts, are mainly not for vanity but for treatment and cure to consequences of breast cancer disease and any accidents that may have damaged the external parts of one's body.

Plastic surgery is indeed underestimated by many. Dr. Pawan Argawal, in his article Perception of Plastic Surgery in the Society, suggests the same, stating that

The perception of plastic Surgery in society is limited and underestimates the versatility of the specialty.

This is perhaps because of the fact that plastic surgery started in the field of medicine as a process to improving human body features that do not satisfy an individual. However, because of further studies and researches made on plastic surgery in an objective of recognizing it as a real form of medicine, in that it provides health benefits, treatment, and cure to patients, the practice has indeed gone a long way of success as a helpful field of medicine.

In addition to how women perceives plastic surgery, the study conducted by Miranda Hitti (2005), indicated the stages on how women first viewed plastic surgery during its early years and how the women of today views the practice of plastic surgery.

On the anonymous questionnaire, 40% of all participants said they would consider cosmetic surgery in the near future. Nearly half (48%) said they would consider it by middle age, and 33% said they'd think about it in their 60s.

Despite that the society sometimes has disagreements on the discipline of plastic surgery, women see the discipline in better and positive reasons. First of all are the physical and health benefits that the discipline can offer. Secondly are the psychological benefits that they one can get from a plastic surgery especially when a disease is involved.

With the increasing discovery of new diseases that harm the human body, there is similarly an increasing importance of the discipline of plastic surgery in the field of medicine. Its benefits are not only valuable to women, but to men as well. For instance, breast cancer is a disease that is not only exclusive for women, but is similarly possible to occur in men. Although, researches and studies show that it is the women who mostly claim of the practice.


Agarwal, Pawan. Perception of Plastic Surgery in the Society.

Plastic Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, Government Medical College, India.

Harcourt, Diana, Rumsey, Nichola. 2001. Psychological Aspects of Breast Reconstruction: A Review of the Literature.

Integrative Literature Reviews and Meta-Analyses. Blackwell Science Ltd.

Plastic Surgery Facts.

Plastic Surgery Benefits Underestimated.

1999. BBC Online.

Hitti, Miranda. How Many Young Women Get Plastic Surgery?

2005. Medicine Net Online.

Spear, Scott. The Infected or Exposed Breast Implant: Management and Treatment Strategies.

2004. Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Vol. 113 Issue 6, p1634-1644.

Nash, Karen. Surgeon's Facelift Techniques Withstand Test of Time.

2005. Cosmetic Surgery Times. Vol. 8 Issue 4, p 28-30.

Gillete, Bill. Turning Back Clock With Laser, Cosmetic Procedures.

2005. Cosmetic Surgery Times. Vol. 8 Issue 4, p 63-64.

Hilton, Lisette. Plastic Surgery Techniques Around the Globe.

2004. Cosmetic Surgery Times. Vol. 7 Issue 9, p 45.

Taylor, Ben. Basic Plastic… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "Plastic Surgery" Term Paper in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Plastic Surgery.  (2005, June 15).  Retrieved October 27, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Plastic Surgery."  15 June 2005.  Web.  27 October 2020. <>.

Chicago Style

"Plastic Surgery."  June 15, 2005.  Accessed October 27, 2020.