Plato vs. Nietzsche Research Proposal

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Philosophy

Plato vs. Nietzsche

Plato believed thinking logically brought the thinker to a higher plane of consciousness. He believed this logic brought the thinker to a place beyond the outside, where being lives unchanging and undetectable. On the other hand, Nietzsche believed life triumphs over itself by will and power, and thought lives on, just like another flower in the field, and this is the topic of "The Dance Song."

The will to power theory is the instrument of the self, overcoming difficulties by utilizing Nietzsche's composition of the seasons. We say life is what happens around us, what changes and creates itself, in the diversity of the natural world around us. A simpler example is the seasons. Spring brings the beginning of new life, which flourishes in the warmth of summer. Autumn alters the life and prepares it for the hardship of winter. The name for this disappearance of springtime abundance is winter. Winter is the opposite - the desertion - of spring, but it is more, it is the hidden remembrance of spring, not a death, but instead an evaporation of everything representative of spring. Thus, winter is tied to spring; it is a hiding place, the opposite of abundance, and the evaporation of spring. To realize this is to understand that winter takes away the abundance of spring, making us appreciate spring all the more, and helping us recognize the abundance that will return, as we suffer the agony of what is now.Get full Download Microsoft Word File access
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Research Proposal on Plato vs. Nietzsche Assignment

The process is a circle, or a formula of the seasons. Winter takes away the bright hope of spring, but spring resides in the heart of winter, and will reappear again, in the ongoing cycle. Spring is never brand new and unknown, it is the recurrence of something that disappeared but will always reappear eventually. Therefore, we know that what we call spring, the colors, sights, and sounds of the season, disappear into what we know as winter, so these help define the seasons. Spring is what vanishes in winter, and winter is really the departure of what we call spring. In other words, when spring begins anew, it has already existed previously, disappeared, and reappeared, creating a new spring and a new someplace. It is never totally new, because it has survived in the core of winter, only to make a reappearance in the circle of life that continues forever.

Winter plays a role in this, for it is the place spring disappears, but winter always carries the hope of spring, because it is where spring reappears from, so spring is tied to winter just as winter is tied to spring. When we can appreciate the cold, anguish of winter, we can appreciate the full bloom of spring. Thus, spring represents eternity, as it always reappears, there is no ahead of and behind, there only is. Spring is eternal, it will always return, and we can find it in the reappearance of winter, as well. Thus, if we understand the cold, darkness of winter, then we can see the reemergence of the glory of spring, even in the reality of winter.

This represents will to power in that this eternal spring is not "this spring" or "last spring," it is the eternal spring, constantly reappearing from something that has already gone by, and constantly disappearing to reappear again, and this totally represents the concept of life triumphing over itself using will to power. Spring obeys the "rules" of life, and follows the seasons into winter, and follows the command of the seasons, even though it suffers as a result. Again, this represents will to power, in conformity and following the ongoing commands of life. Thus, spring holds winter in its core, just as winter holds spring in its core. There is only one, ongoing and ever-present spring, and this parallels life triumph over itself by will to power.

All of this indicates the ability to obey (the command of spring always reappearing), and this obedience is the suffering of winter. For spring to be eternal, it must submit to the darkness of winter, for only when spring submits can it return anew. Spring suffers so that it can be reborn and begin anew, and winter exists so that spring can rebirth itself. This parallels our own lives, where we submit to agony to conquer what life hands us, we obey the commands to live as will to power, gaining power from the continual command and obedience of life.

Nietzsche says will to power represents the self, overcoming life, and that it is the reality in thinking, even in Plato's theories. Indeed, Plato believed struggle with the real world took a person to the undetectable world. Resistance comes from understanding the real world is less real than the undetectable world. Conflict against the joy of what is real takes a person to a disembodied place where the soul joins with the forms, rather than the reality. On the other hand, Nietzsche disagrees, believing logical thinking is still vivid and alive, rather than unreal and disembodied, and this can be seen in many of his works including, "Immaculate Perception," "On the Afterworldly," "On the Despisers of the Body," and "The Dance Song."

The seasons illustrate that defying the beauty of spring and the darkness of winter is simply life as it is with will to power. It recognizes spring will appear again, somewhere, or "life goes on." Spring suffers so it can come back, and it comes back stronger because it has overcome winter, and this continues throughout eternity. This suffering occurs so that spring can reappear even brighter the next time, spring has triumphed over itself to create itself even better and create, and the same is true of life, it resurfaces because it has overcome itself and become greater or better.

Thinking and thought follow the same principle. A profound thinker resists what he sees and perception, and instead acknowledges that the real world cannot always prove itself, and one must turn to the invisible world to gain true understanding. Thinking is the suffering of spring as it obeys the command to disappear, and Plato believes this suffering and resistance of the apparent world takes the soul to a greater understanding and awareness of what is enduring and undetectable, but real just the same. This, in thought, recreates the reappearance of spring, or hope, in the thinker, and it leads to the eternal reappearance of thought and understanding, just as spring reappears out of winter each year. Thus, the thinker has recreated the eternal hope of spring out of the darkness of winter, and the thinker is following the will to power and is putting the triumph of life to real use, and life overcome itself and learns wisdom.

The thinker has to look beyond what they can see, instead, they create the darkness inside, so they will not try to perceive, but rather to think. However, Nietzsche does not believe this suffering takes you to what cannot be seen. Instead, wisdom lives inside us, and in the earth itself. Thought has substance somewhat like the reemergence of spring.

Thought is not vacant, but full of the power and beauty of spring - they have meaning and substance. Thought has a manifestation and substance, thought is the substance of the thought itself.

Thought is the resistance to awareness and form; it is essentially how we obey winter. However, in obeying winter, we are in fact forcing ourselves to think, to resist observation, and use substance in our thought. Suffering becomes resistance to the real world, and the command of thought overcomes the suffering and emerges as the content of the other, what is possible, what is eternal. We think because we obey and want to resist what is apparent, but this translates into… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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