Peer Reviewed Journal: Police Intelligence Rapidly Changing the Way Police Organizations Fight Crime

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Police Intelligence: Rapidly Changing the Way Police Organizations Fight Crime

Law enforcement utilizes criminal intelligence to track and predict crime in communities. Advancements in computer technology have allowed criminal intelligence to benefit Law enforcement on a global scale. Criminal Intelligence allows information to be used in a proactive manner to assist law enforcement agencies in forming strategic and tactical responses to crime. This paper focuses on how the use of criminal intelligence and computer advancements has changed the way police organizations fight crime. It will show how intelligence is an effective and proactive approach to fighting crime through a review of three relevant peer-reviewed journal articles.

Article No. 1: Nunn, S. (2001). Police information technology: Assessing the effects of computerization on urban police functions. Public Administration Review, 61(2), 221-223.

Although somewhat dated, Nunn provides a useful description concerning what is required by law enforcement agencies to make the optimal use of their information technology (it) resources. The costs associated with implementing and administering the it systems used to fight crime are significant, so it is important for these agencies to consider what is needed to make their systems as efficient and effective as possible. To this end, Nunn observes that it can be used to improve administrative functions, thereby allowing for more police officers on the street, as well as providing valuable trended information concerning areas of high crime rates. In order to maximize these it tools, though, the agency's paper-based records must be integrated into the system as well. As Nunn emphasizes, "Having some type of computer provides little value unless information that was formerly kept on paper is digitized for electronic storage. But the storage of information electronically adds little value to the agency until its members use those computerized files to perform functions that were previously performed manually" (p. 221). To the extent that digitized records are integrated with current information will likely be the extent to which police departments are able to use their it equipment to its best advantage in fighting crime.

The author also emphasizes the need to take into account all of the stakeholders that will be involved in providing data and what steps need to be taken to ensure that the transition from a paper-based methodology to an it-supported one is achieved in a seamless fashion. Finally, Nunn presents the results of his analysis of how it is being used by police agencies across the country and recommends the use of the database maintained by the U.S. Department of Justice's Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics (LEMAS) that allows departments to identify how it is being used in similarly situated agencies and to formulate best practices for their own purposes. In this regard, Nunn concludes that, "In the context of assessing the effects of it, the LEMAS database offers a valuable opportunity for quantifying and assessing the relationships between computer hardware combinations, computerized files, and computerized functions, and between selected measures of police budgets and personnel allocations" (p. 223). Unfortunately, the author did not include any specific best practices that could be readily applied for this purpose beyond his recommendations concerning the integration of digitized paper-based records.

Article No. 2: Hammond, S. (2010, June). The DNA factor: Lawmakers are expanding the use of forensic technology to battle crime. State Legislatures, 36(6), 12-13.

The use of DNA materials such skin, hair, blood and other bodily fluids began in 1985 and by 1987, law enforcement authorities in the UK successfully used the technology to convict a suspect of rape. Since that time, the use of DNA for crime-fighting purposes has been greatly expanded and DNA has been proven to be among the most reliable tools available. Adding to the utility of DNA as a… [END OF PREVIEW]

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Police Intelligence Rapidly Changing the Way Police Organizations Fight Crime.  (2011, March 3).  Retrieved November 22, 2019, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/police-intelligence-rapidly-changing/307

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