Research Paper: Pornography/The Internet Today, Technological

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[. . .] The authors emphasize, however, that the software is not universally effective and should be coupled with other approaches, such as education, to help the youth protect themselves.

One such educational effort is law enforcement presentations about Internet safety. The high concern among law enforcement agencies for youth safety has led to concerted efforts in terms of such presentations. Some elements of these presentations could include information about pornography marketing, how it can come onto a computer, and how to remove it.

In terms of wanted exposure, there is little surprise in the finding that the majority of youth in this group is male (Wolak, Mitchell and Finkelhor, 2007). Further unsurprising is the fact that wanted exposure increases with age. In terms of statistics, the authors have found that more than a third of Internet users who are male and 16-17 years old have visited X-rated sites purposely. Wanted exposure was also associated with talking to online strangers about sex. It is possible that delinquency is somewhat associated with wanted exposure. Youth with a high level of delinquent tendencies, for example, were twice as likely to report that they were actively seeking out exposure to pornographic material on the Internet.

The authors conclude that all interested persons who work with or are in relationships with the youth should be aware of the high level of unwanted exposure to Internet porn. Mitigating software, programs, and approaches should be an active part of communicating with young people. On the other hand, it should also be assumed that most young people, and especially boys, will have some exposure to Internet porn. The undeniability of this means that educators and parents need ways of effectively educating young people not only on the dangers and potentially negative consequences of such exposure, but also how to recognize danger signs such as emotional or social consequences, or signs of addiction.

Indeed, the fact that Internet porn, like other types of pornography, can be addictive merits investigations into treatment for such addictions and their consequences. Braun-Courville and Rojas (2009) mention that youth exposure to Internet porn could have long-term implications in the lives of young people, such as number of sexual partners and substance abuse. On the other hand, positive consequences could include the fact that sexually explicit online material can provide a platform for adults to discuss sexuality with young people, including what constitutes a healthy sexual relationship, the role of diseases, and how to prevent serious consequences like rape and AIDS.

Treatment for Addiction to Online Porn

Treatment for an addiction to Internet pornography can take a variety of approaches. Recognizing such an addiction in a young person, for example, merits initial intervention by parents or educators by means of either psychotherapy or simple conversation. The effects of the addiction should be taken into account when determining an intervention method, or indeed its necessity. As seen above, the phenomenon takes so many different forms and varieties that it can be difficult to determine if an intervention is required. In the case of severe consequences such as clinical depression or sever social withdrawal, treatment might go as far as medicinal interventions, as suggested by Bostwick and Bucci (2008).

The authors investigated the effects of naltrexone on an adult Internet porn addict, whose addiction has had consequences such as estrangement from his wife and severe social withdrawal. The authors' study begins by focusing on the physical properties of the brain affected by giving in to addictive behavior. Because of the amount of dopamine release, for example, some brains are simply more susceptible to addictions than others. In this way, viewing Internet pornography have the same results for addicts as taking alcohol does for the alcoholic. Once started, it is very difficult to stop because of the high level of pleasure derived. Hence, the fact that naltrexone has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for treating alcohol addiction has led the authors to investigate its effectiveness for other types of addictions, such as Internet pornography. The authors concluded that the drug was effective in treating severe Internet pornography addiction, with consequences such as risky sexual behavior, loss of work, and marital degredation.

Conclusion

In conclusion, much research is clearly still needed to determine and categorize the nature if Internet pornography and those who are addicted to it. It is important to recognize that this industry has shown exponential growth and is unlikely to disappear. Hence, mitigating factors should include education and self-protection rather than denying the fact that it exists. Challenges will exist, but these can be overcome by means of targeted action.

References

Bostwick, M. And Bucci, J.A. (2008, Feb). Internet Sex Addiction Treated With Naltrexone. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 83(2). Retrieved from: http://yourbrainonporn.com/internet-sex-addiction-treated-with-naltrexone

Braun-Courville, D.K. And Rojas, M. (2009, Aug). Exposure to sexually explict Web sites and adolescent sexual attitudes and behaviors. Journal of Adolescent Health 45(2). Retrieved from: http://yourbrainonporn.com/exposure-sexually-explicit-web-sites-and-adolescent-sexual-attitudes-and-behaviors-2009

Crosby, J.M. And Twohig, M.P. (2010). Acceptance and Commitment Therapy as a Treatment for Problematic Internet Pornography Viewing. Behavior Therapy. Retrieved from: http://contextualscience.org/system/files/Twohig_Crosby_2010.pdf

Mowlabocus, S. (2010). Porn 2.0? Technology, Social Practice, and the New Online Porn Industry. Porn.com: Making Sense of Online Pornography edited by Feona Attwood. New York: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc.

Wetterneck, C.T., Burgess, A.J., Short, M.B., Smith, A.H., and Cervantes, M.E. (2012). The Role of Sexual Compulsivity, Impulsivity, and Experiential Avoidance in Internet Pornography Use. The Psychological Record. 62. Retrieved from: http://rebeccajorgensen.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/71612135.pdf

Wolak, J., Mitchell, K., and Finkelhor, D. (2007, Feb 1). Unwanted and Wanted Exposure to Online Pornography in a National Sample of Youth Internet Users. Pediatrics, 119(2). Retrieved from: http://www.pediatricsdigest.mobi/content/119/2/247.full

Young, K.S. And Case, C.J. (2011).Ethical Decision Making Among Addicted and Non-Addicted Internet Users. Business Research Yearbook, XVIII (1), edited by Margaret A. Goralski, H. Paul Leblanc and Marjorie G. Adams. Retrieved from: http://www.unf.edu/~s.gupta/pubs/G40115_BRY_2011_volume1.pdf#page=66 [END OF PREVIEW]

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"Pornography/The Internet Today, Technological."  Essaytown.com.  October 11, 2013.  Accessed March 23, 2019.
https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/pornography-internet-today-technological/5600950.