Port and Terminal Operations Different Essay

Pages: 6 (1740 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: 6  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Transportation

Port and Terminal Operations

Different types of ports are discussed starting on page 7 of the textbook. After reviewing the Week 1 course materials, go to the Internet and find a port to use as an example in this assignment.

Describe the port you selected to include the type of port as well as the various services, features, terminal operations, berths, dwell time, etc. that the port offers. Include reasons for your selection. Be clear and concise in your discussion.

You must include a title page, introduction, conclusion, and reference page.

The Port of Montreal: A Closer Look

The Port of Montreal is an important hub for the east coast and central U.S. As well as for most of Canada. This port serves the Great Lakes as well as the eastern seaboard. It can handle all types of cargo and is one of the busiest ports east of the Mississippi River. Because of its inter-modal infrastructure, the Port of Montreal has been able t continue growing even under tough economic times. Its sheer size and scope have given it the unique ability to serve the needs of many different types of consumers as well as transportation firms. This is also interesting because the port is located upriver, and traditionally these locations are geographically critical as they generate high amounts of port congestions (Guy and Alix, 2006). However, the Port of Montreal has been able to mitigate this limitation be successfully implementing a very complex and highly-efficient inter-modal transportation system.

The port's facilities include:

four modern container terminals;

large, open areas for handling dry bulk, including a terminal at Contrecoeur, some 40 kilometres downstream from Montreal;

two multipurpose terminals;

15 transit sheds for non-containerized general cargo and dry bulk;

a grain terminal with storage capacity of 260,000 tonnes;

berths for petroleum products and other liquid bulk;

a railway network with more than 100 kilometres (60 miles) of track serving almost every berth;

a passenger terminal for cruise ships;

cranes with heavy-lift capacities;

Special ramps for roll-on/roll-off cargo.

(Port of Montreal, 2010).

These facilities allow the Port of Montreal to operate a multi-modal system of ports throughout the area. That is to say that the Port of Montreal acts as a hub for nearby shipping lanes, airports, seaports, railroads, and roads that help connect it to the millions of consumers in the surrounding area. These facilities also allow the port to handle four main types of cargo, which include containerized cargo, non-containerized cargo, dry bulk cargo, and liquid bulk.

This port is an excellent example of strategic intermodal transportation because it serves the needs of many types of cargo consumers and shippers. Some of the cargo is shipped by truck and train, whose infrastructure is tied directly to the port itself. The fact that the Port of Montreal can accept such different types of cargo is a direct testament to the fact that it has been able to build a highly-complex infrastructure of multi-modal transportation systems 9 Guy and Alix, 2006). The Port of Montreal acts as a major transportation and cargo hub for the eastern and central U.S. And Canada. It sees over 12 million metric tones of cargo each year, and has been growing at around 8% per year for the past decade (Port of Montreal, 2010). Even in the face of a global economic recession, this port is an excellent example of a multi-modal port that has remained busy and profitable due to its diversity of cargo and ability to adapt to any cargo or transportation needs.

References

Guy, Emmanuel and Alix, Yann. (2006). "A successful upriver port? Container shipping in Montreal." Journal of Transport Geography. Vol. 15, No. 1. Pp. 46-55.

Port of Montreal. (2010). "Port of Montreal Operations and Statistics." Port of Montreal

Homepage. < http://www.port-montreal.com/site/index.jsp?lang=en>. Accessed Online August 6, 2010.

Assignment # 2 (Written Paper)

Provide at least a one-page response to the following simple (?) task:

"Warehousing can be labeled as an indirect derived demand since it is a 'non-movement' of a freight element." (Rodrique, Comtois, Slack, p. 3). Your task is to list and explain as many other indirect derived demand components of a transportation system as you can. Be creative here. Have fun.

And, be sure to follow the guidelines for Written Papers. Please do read that rubric first!

Indirect Derived Demand Components: An Examination of Port Policy and Concerns

There are many different indirect derived demand components within a transportation system. These components are pieces of the transportation system, but their existence and concerns are not directly related to the actual movement of goods from place to place. However, these components represent important factors that affect the movement of goods and services at a port or within a port system. They also depend on many other factors such as port location and the regional or national regulations and laws that affect the port itself. Some of these components may be:

1. Labor concerns: Ports require large labor forces for direct operations. Without human capital, ports would grind to a halt. One example of this is the recent labor dispute that shut down the Port of Montreal in July (AP, 2010).

2. Infrastructure concerns: these concerns are directly related to the movement of goods and cargo to and from the port. Without a proper infrastructure, a port could not function.

3. Tracking of goods: This is very important for the efficient operation and shipment of goods. Tracking and correctly packing the cargo can have both potentially positive and negative impacts on the efficiency of the port system.

4. Maintenance: Ships and other forms of transportation are in constant need of maintenance and repair. Without these facilities nearby, ports would not be able to function because their modes of transportation would not be functioning either.

There are likely dozens of others, but these components make up much of the modern-day port's indirect derived demand components as seen in recent news stories. These components also illustrate the fact that the elements necessary for a port to function smoothly and effectively are many, and that a port manager must have a good understanding of these and other derivative elements that indirectly affect the port's operation.

References

Associated Press. (2010). "Labor dispute shuts down Port of Montreal." Online at: <

http://www.wtop.com/?nid=111&sid=2006391>. Accessed August 7, 2010.

Notteboom, Theo E. And Rodrigue, Jean-Paul. (2005). "Port regionalization: towards a new phase in port development." Maritime Policy and Management, Vol. 32, No. 3. Pp. 297-313.

Robinson, Ross. (2002). "Port elements in value-driven chain systems: the new paradigm."

Maritime Policy and Management, Vol. 29, No. 3. Pp. 241-255.

Assignment # 3 (DB)

The text discusses how, "The causes of congestion are well understood, even if the solutions are not." Do you agree or disagree? State your views in terms of transport geography.

(Note: Carefully explore what that term congestion means before you answer!)

The causes of congestion at a port are very well understood. Most of these causes, according to lecturer Matthew Malchow (2001) are related to geographic location. This is a problem in trying to solve congestion problems because it is impossible to move a port once it is located in one place. I certainly agree that this problem is far and ahead the largest and most insurmountable of the many that exist in port management and operation. The reason that this is so is because of the difficulty in solving it. The diminishing returns of solutions such as building docks on pilings or even modifying the surrounding landscape tend to create costly and ill-effective returns.

Transportation geography is a concern that can be overcome with ingenuity and other, infrastructure and planning-based solutions. If a port that is located in a place where congestion is the norm implements multi-modal forms of transportation, it is more likely to be able to adapt to any adverse geographical or location problems and concerns. For instance, a port that is located on an island may be a suitable place for ships to load and unload as well as fuel up and receive maintenance and repairs, but location a port on an island severely limits the ability to move the cargo to and from the ships effectively. One effective multi-modal solution would be to locate a large airport on the island that is equipped to handle the goods coming and going from the ships. While this may be costly, the benefits of a plan such as this could be weighed against the possible detriments and if the solution makes sense financially and logistically, it could help reduce the general geographically-related congestion at that port.

References

Matthew Brian Malchow, "An Analysis of Port Selection" (July 1, 2001). Institute of Transportation Studies. Dissertations. Paper UCB-ITS-DS-2001-3.

http://repositories.cdlib.org/its/ds/UCB-ITS-DS-2001-3

Comparative Transportation Systems

Assignment #2 (Written Paper)

Provide a three one-page response, for each the following questions.

Intermodal Transportation: Limitations and Advantages

First, read pages 5 and 6 of Sussman's book where he describes transportation as technology, systems, and institutions. Which one of these is most important today given the economic conditions… [END OF PREVIEW]

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