Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Term Paper

Pages: 3 (986 words)  ·  Style: APA  ·  Bibliography Sources: 3  ·  File: .docx  ·  Topic: Psychology

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Treatments

PTSD - Dynamics & Treatments

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is often looked upon as a problem that exclusively effects soldiers returning from combat zones. This is most certainly a mischaracterization of the issue, because PTSD is not at all limited to the trauma experienced in battles. Indeed, PTSD can occur due to spousal emotional abuse, due to the witnessing a horrific incident like the terrorists attacks in New York City, among many other traumatic events. But moreover, what is of concern in this research is the correct identification of PTSD (which often goes misdiagnosed) and also the treatment of PTSD.

An article in Marriage & Family: A Christian Journal (Hoffman, 2002) points out that it is "...incredibly important" for survivors of terribly traumatic experiences to begin the healing process and, in the meantime, to "ride the wave" of their symptoms (435). The article also alludes to the fact that the most commonly experienced traumas that lead to PTSD include: a) witnessing another person dying or being injured; b) being involved in an accident that is life-threatening; c) being swept up in a "natural disaster"; and d) being exposed to war / combat.

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Notwithstanding the voluminous research that has hitherto been conducted on PTSD, Hoffman (438) asserts that there " not single definitive theory as to how trauma affects the body." That said, there are well-defined explanations for how people behave and react once they have been exposed to a PTSD situation. To wit, people who have been traumatized cannot completely return to their normal lives, because certain new events can trigger a psychological re-playing of that trauma in their minds.

PTSD - Dynamics & Treatments

Term Paper on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Assignment

In terms of how PTSD affects personal and intimate relationships, Hoffman writes (440) that the afflicted individual, "...often oscillate between rampant emotionality and numbness" and there can be a "profound disruption in trust" as well. Traumatized people may well lose their trust in God, in themselves, and in their closest family members and friends. In addition, shame is often involved because the affected individual may feel guilty that he or she survived the trauma, while others didn't. What can be done to help the person suffering from PTSD? An "overarching goal" of the professional who is assisting in the survivor's recovery, Hoffman writes (443), is to "restore a sense of power and control" to the person. Further, it is pivotal that the family members of a PTSD survivor understand the ramifications therein. Warm, supportive family relations with the survivor can help "diminish the symptoms" and by being open to honest feelings shared by the survivor - helping in problem-solving and being playful, spontaneous and cooperative - the trauma can be brought to manageable levels.

Meanwhile, writing in the journal Psychotherapy, two authors (Schwarz, et al., 1991) from Widener University suggest that there are five integrative approaches to treatment for PTSD survivors. They are: a) "ego-supportive interventions" (supporting "adaptive coping skills"), which is… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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How to Cite "Posttraumatic Stress Disorder" Term Paper in a Bibliography:

APA Style

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.  (2007, October 16).  Retrieved June 1, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Posttraumatic Stress Disorder."  16 October 2007.  Web.  1 June 2020. <>.

Chicago Style

"Posttraumatic Stress Disorder."  October 16, 2007.  Accessed June 1, 2020.