Poverty Among Blacks Term Paper

Pages: 3 (945 words)  ·  Bibliography Sources: ≈ 5  ·  File: .docx  ·  Level: College Senior  ·  Topic: Teaching

Poverty and Race in America

As a country, we like to believe that we deal well with the issue of poverty and that race is rarely a significant issue in today's society. The statistics, however, suggest something else. In a study done by the University of Cincinnati only eight years ago, researchers found strong links between poverty, race and illiteracy. The statistics they found about infant mortality in poor, minority-race neighborhoods were particularly troubling. In some poor minority neighborhoods, the infant mortality rate was nearly five times the national average. In one neighborhood, almost 4% of babies born in the previous 25 years died during infancy. In other neighborhoods, more than 30 out of every thousand babies born died before their first birthdays (Petrie, 1997).

Not surprisingly, the residents of these neighborhoods were black, poor, and under-educated. The average adult in these communities had not completed ninth grade. In most of these neighborhoods, the mothers received Medicaid but the neighborhoods were without convenient medical care. As a result, for the entire county 10% of pregnant women either received no prenatal care or received significantly less than needed, seeing a doctor less than 50% of the number of visits recommended for good maternal care. Not surprisingly, Cincinnati also has an alarmingly high rate of underweight babies, a factor strongly correlated with developmental problems, birth defects and infant mortality (Petrie, 1997).

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While Cincinnati was the focus of this study, Cincinnati is not the only are in the country facing such challenges. At the dawn of the new Millennium, 20% of the children in America lived in poverty. When these figures are recalculated by race, 47% of America's black children live in poverty. These numbers are even more shocking when compared with poverty rates in other First World countries. For instance, in Denmark only 2% of the children live in poverty (Walzer, 1999).

TOPIC: Term Paper on Poverty Among Blacks Assignment

Multiple factors contribute to these unsettling statistics. In recent years, urban economic bases have shifted. Many companies that used to be located in cities have moved to the suburbs. As a result, disenfranchised city residents have diminished access to good jobs with the resulting economic opportunities such jobs provide (Furdell, 1993). As a result, solutions for poverty in our inner cities is harder to solve. Available jobs tend to require little in the way of skills or education and have few long-term advantages, and tend to keep the workers working at minimal income levels.

Poverty is tied to education as well as lack of employment opportunities. In 2001, Colorado published its state's school "report cards." Of thirty schools identified as the worst in the state, 28 were in metropolitan Denver. 50% of Denver's high schools received the lowest rating possible. When a local newspaper analyzed the findings, they saw strong links between school performance and both poverty and race. The poorest-performing schools… [END OF PREVIEW] . . . READ MORE

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Poverty Among Blacks.  (2005, January 13).  Retrieved October 27, 2021, from https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/poverty-among-blacks/455938

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"Poverty Among Blacks."  13 January 2005.  Web.  27 October 2021. <https://www.essaytown.com/subjects/paper/poverty-among-blacks/455938>.

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"Poverty Among Blacks."  Essaytown.com.  January 13, 2005.  Accessed October 27, 2021.